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Summary and Paraphrase

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by

Trina Messer

on 17 March 2013

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Transcript of Summary and Paraphrase

What's the difference? Summary and Paraphrase A short retelling of a text is called a summary. When you summarize you write the main idea and the most important details from the passage. Summary Summary EXTREMELY IMPORTANT!!! Summary A summary is usually much shorter than the passage it summarizes. It should include details from the beginning, middle and end of the passage. Summary Read this paragraph:
The beginning of middle school can be both a fun and difficult time in a student's life. Students have the chance to make new friends, join clubs, and gain more independence. There are usually activities, such as dances and school trips. On the downside, not all students adjust quickly to their new situation. They may have trouble making friends. Some will struggle with the greater workload and difficulty of the assignments. Middle school often brings increased social pressures, like choosing the right clothes. For may students, middle school is a balance between the good and the bad. Paraphrase When you paraphrase, you restate part of the passage in your own words. Paraphrased text should always include the same ideas as the original text, and is usually about the same length as the original text. Paraphrase When you paraphrase, you use your own words in a different order to tell the author's ideas. Paraphrase This sentence from the passage reads:
On the downside, not all students adjust quickly to their new situation. Do NOT include your opinion about the passage or any other information that is not found in the passage. Discuss the following question with your partners:
What do you think a summary of this paragraph should include? Summary A good summary for the paragraph would be:

There are positive and negative experiences ahead when entering middle school. The positive experiences include meeting new friends and taking part in fun activities and clubs. The negative experiences include adjusting to new situations and having extra work and responsibilities. One way to paraphrase this sentence is:
Some students have trouble adapting to these different circumstances, however. The idea is still the same, but it is told in a different way.
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