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Transcript of Laos
Today Laos president is Choummaly Sayasone in 2013.
Capital of Laos is Vientiane
about 6.3 million peoples
In 1945 the Lao currency was called Free Kip.
In 1952 it was called Royal Kip, the kip was also called piastre in French. In that era, there were both coins and banknotes.
In 1976 Pathet Lao Kip replaced Royal Kip following the Pathet Lao's takeover of the country.
In 1979 Lao PDR Kip or Lao Kip or New Kip replaced Pathet Lao Kip (100 Pathet Lao Kip = 1 Kip (Lao New Kip)).
The 1979 Lao Kip, initially came in 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 Kip denominations. The 500 Kip notes were added in 1988 followed by 1,000 Kip in 1992, 2,000 and 5,000 kip notes in 1997, 10,000 and 20,000 kip notes in 2002 and 50,000 kip notes in 2006.
At present no notes under 500 Kip are in circulation.
Lao Coins: Coins were removed from circulation many years ago.
History of Vientiane
Vientiane has been continuously inhabited since the 10th century. The Khmer, Siamese, Burmese and Vietnamese have all governed at one time or other,
Vientiane reached a new height of importance in 1560, when King Setthathirath relocated his capital from Luang Prabang in the north to present-day Vientiane
Vientiane suffered in the late 1800s when the Siamese razed the city.
All but abandoned until the late 19th century, when the French colonised Laos as part of their Indochina plan, Vientiane has been on a slow path of recovery ever since. The French made Vientiane the capital of their new colony and most of the city today dates from this period or later. Many temples have been rebuilt and are now an integral part of daily life.
Today the city is a mixture of old and new as it undergoes rapid development into a modern city. In 2010 Vientiane will celebrate its 450th birthday.
Lao people typically socialise as families, and most live in extended families with three or sometimes more generations sharing one house or compound.
The family cooks and eats together sitting on the floor with sticky rice and dishes shared by all. Sometimes when someone pays a visit unexpectedly at meal time we automatically invite them to join us without any hesitation.
With the Lao people’s simple life, it is perfectly normal for relatives or friends to drop by without calling in advance.
Time is also a fairly flexible commodity in Laos culture. Planning ahead and making firm times for occasions can sometimes be frustrating for foreigners who find the idea of something happening at “maybe two o’clock” difficult to cope with.
In Laos, anyone over 18 years of age is eligible to vote, regardless of gender, ethnicity, religious belief, social status or profession.
Over 3.2 million eligible voters are casting their ballots in Laos to elect a new members National Assembly, Laos' legislative body.
During the one-day general election, voters will attend over 6,300 polling stations throughout the nation's 17 constituencies to elect their favorite candidates.
The Red represents blood shed by the people during the struggle for freedom.
The Blue stands for prosperity.
The White circle symbolises justice and the unity of the people under the leadership of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party and the country's bright future. It is also said to represent a full moon against the Mekong River.
Laos has region's second-highest malnutrition rate Isolation, limited diet leave children vulnerable Harmful practices need changing Exclusive breastfeeding rates low An average of 44 percent of children under five suffer from malnutrition A combination of natural hazards and pests affect...