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American Revolution

American History
by

James R

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of American Revolution

American
Revolution By: Mckai, Mac, Zachee Causes that Led
Up to the American
Revolution. Stamp Act The Sugar Act The Stamp Act was a tax on any
printed paper such as newspapers
magazines etc... had to have a revenue
stamp that had to be paid with British
Currency. On April 5, 1764, Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar and Molasses Act (1733), which was about to expire. The Sugar Act reduced the rate of tax on molasses. The Declaratory Act The Townshend Revenue Act The Declaratory Act made it official that all American Colonies were under British rule. Taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea were applied with the design of raising £40,000 a year for the administration of the colonies. Crowds mobbed the customs office covering the officials in tar, sticking feathers to them and forcing them to retire to a British Warship in the harbor. The Tea Act was to reduce large amount of tea
held by the British East India company. The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks at a squad of British soldiers. Several colonists were killed when the British soldiers shot in fear and this led to a campaign by speech. The Quartering Act was that the Americans
had to provide food and shelter for British
soldiers.Regardless on the amount of money
they had and the time at which the soldiers
showed up. The Boston Tea Party Boston Port Act On December 16th 1773 a group of people dress up as Indians, boarded three ships carrying tea and threw all the tea into the bay to ruin it. This was in response to the tea act (as seen
before). An act to discontinue in such manner, and for such time. The landing and discharging, shipping of goods, wares, and merchandise to the town and within the Harbor of Boston. In October 9, 1781. Five thousand five hundred french soldiers landed in Rhodes Island to assist their American allies in operations against British controlled New York City. New York Battle 1776 The British commanders felt humiliated after being driven from Boston. They just needed to shift their base of operation to New York. New York would be a friendlier host than Boston. From New York, the British could advance up the Hudson River and seal off New England from the rest of the colonies.

But American General George Washington felt differently. Anticipating the British move on New York, he had marched his army south from Boston. He carefully deployed his troops on the tip of Manhattan and across the East River on Long Island’s Brooklyn Heights, and then he dared the British commanders to try and drive him from the gates of the Hudson River.

On 22 August, Howe rose to the challenge and began to transport men from Staten to Long Island. Washington matched this move by strengthening his first line of defense at the base of Brooklyn Heights. But for reasons still unclear, the American's left flank was gone. They poured through the Jamaica Heights and behind the American front lines, separating them from the second line positioned on Brooklyn Heights. By noon the American position was hopeless. New York Battle 1776 (continued) Washington however refused or failed to recognize the situation. On the 28Th he led three more regiments from Manhattan to Brooklyn Heights—a move that could have made the disaster worse. But that is when Washington caught a break. Howe’s memories of Bunker Hill prevented his launching an assault on the heights until his brother’s fleet could be placed into position for an artillery barrage and miserable weather prevented Admiral Howe from doing so. The storm bought Washington a little time—just enough to finally realize that New York was lost. And so the next night, he quietly transported all 9500 men deployed on Brooklyn Heights back across the East River to Manhattan.

The battle of New York was a disaster for the Americans but not a complete disaster. More than 300 were killed, 800 were wounded, and another 1000 were captured. Washington bungled the defense of the city and was slow to grasp the futility of his position. But most of the army had escaped, and Washington was moving to the realization that this was the critical thing. As long as the army persisted, the Patriot cause had teeth. Moreover, Howe’s reluctance to press an advantage if it carried significant risks was also revealed. In other words, despite this loss, the American army survived. George Washington learned something about his army and an even more valuable lesson about his opponent. The Currency Act restricted the emission
of paper money by the colonies of New
England. After the battle of Concord the British made a retreat to Boston. Along the way they were being randomly fired upon from the Americans behind them. When they reached Boston they expected the American militia to retire back to their territory but they didn't they set up camp outside of Boston tempting the British to come out and fight. The British began to get alarmed at the growing American army. They talked amongst themselves about how vulnerable they would be if the americans set up cannons on the hills but the americans had spies amongst the british and decided to do exactly as they were worrying. The battle of Bunker Hill started on June 17 1775 when the British woke up to new American defenses (the Americans had repositioned themselves during the night) that made them vulnerable they immediately started firing from the harbor which was very ineffective and only killed but a few Americans.
The British sent landing parties roughly 2200 strong but it took the landing parties three assaults to finally take over the American line but only because after the second assault the Americans were running low on ammunition and gunpowder. The British were weak and tired so most of the Americans escaped unharmed.

Technically the British won the battle but they had many casualties so when the americans set up cannons on Dorchester Heights that they took from Fort Ticonderoga when they seized it. They attacked the British in Boston again and it only took them a couple of weeks to take back Boston using the remaining troops and the cannons. Battle of Bunker Hill 1775 3 Key Battles i am Battle of Yorktown There were 20600 American soldiers and only 8980
British soldiers but the British soldiers captured
8007 American soldiers and killed 309 American soldiers.
Even with a great casualties mark the Americans and French soldiers made the British soldiers in Yorktown surrender. Which marked the Americans wining their independence although fighting did not formally end
until 1783. Thank you for reading our awesome report!!! Mckai Mckai Mckai Mckai
Full transcript