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Transcript of Gender stereotypes
FEMALE vs. MALE
What is a stereotype?
Gender stereotypes are simplistic generalizations about the gender attributes, differences, and roles of individuals and/or groups.
By: Shania Gez and Rebecca Atniel
A stereotype is a preconceived notion, especially about a group of people.
Types of Stereotypes
Women are looked at as very emotional. This trait is detrimental in society because it hinders "women's ability to ascend to and succeed in leadership roles" in the workplace and the government (Brescoll web).
Women are also stereotyped to be understanding and nurturing to those around them.
Women are looked at as sensitive and vulnerable.
Female Roles In the Household
Brescoll, Victoria L. "Leading with their Hearts? how Gender Stereotypes of Emotion Lead to Biased Evaluations of Female Leaders." Leadership Quarterly, vol. 27, no. 3, 2016, pp. 415, ProQuest Central, http://ezproxy.canyons.edu:2048/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1799876600?accountid=38295.
According to society, women should be working in jobs of the service industry.
Men are viewed as strong, bold, independent and confident.
They are also viewed as emotionally unaware. Society belittles men that show emotions of any type.
"In the late 1970s, the writer and social critic Louise Kappe Howe popularized pink collar workers as a term for those women consigned to work as nurses, secretaries and elementary school teachers" (Wickman web).
Male Roles In the
Men are expected to be the main income in the household and take care of the finances. They are the providers for their wife and children.
Likewise, men are expected to be able to tend to the house and cars, like a handyman.
Stereotypes: Then vs. Now
Ideal Appearances of
Naturally, women's appearances are viewed as being "put- together" and "presentable".
The ideal woman is expected to look thin, graceful and delicate.
Women care more about their appearance as opposed to men. This is because "their appearance is central to how they are evaluated by others" (Barber web).
How Gender Roles Affect Children
Ideal Appearances of Men
Stereotypical jobs for men are pilots, engineers, doctors, businessmen, mechanics, etc.
Based on recent studies, it is shown that gender stereotypes have remained the same over the past 30 years.
Data was collected from 1980's and again in 2014:
"researchers found that despite greater diversity in the 2014 sample, people continue to strongly stereotype men and women on personality traits, gender role behaviors,occupations and physical characteristics" (SAGE web).
The saying, "girls ask for it" is a statement that is overused in society when it comes to sexual assault.
People believe that it is the women's fault that they are assaulted because they dress provocatively.
girls are taught to follow dress code in school because it is "distracting to men"
Girls are told not to share their rape stories because society won't believe them.
The stereotype is that females who share their rape stories are lying because they just want attention.
Female Roles During Childhood
As mentioned in
Signs of Life in the USA
, it states "Boys will be boys and girls will be girls" (Devor 504).
The "boys will be boys" saying is also widely used among males who defend others who committed a sexual crime.
Stereotypically, men have the upper hand when it comes to allegations against them because others believe when they deny.
Growing up, girls are given dolls, makeup, dress up kits and kitchen sets to play with.
Girls are more protected during their childhood and told to stay home because of the dangers of the world.
Also, they are more inclined to help their mothers or other female relatives with chores.
Male Roles During Childhood
Growing up, boys are given legos, nerf guns, video games and cars/ trucks to play with.
Boys are given more freedom and are encouraged to adventure outside with friends.
Furthermore, boys are encouraged and expected to play a sport like basketball, football or baseball.
Parents often aid to the stereotypical gender roles by instilling behaviors and activities like girls playing with dolls and makeup and boys playing with Legos and cars.
"By making positive or negative comments about these behaviors, parents indirectly express the belief that certain behaviors are more appropriate for either girls or boys" (Endendijk web). Parents are one of the reasons that children grow up assuming that they have certain roles in society.
Parents Influence of Gender Roles to Young Children
Endendijk, Joyce J., et al. "Boys Don't Play with Dolls: Mothers' and Fathers' Gender Talk during Picture Book Reading." Parenting, vol. 14, no. 3-4, 2014, pp. 141, ProQuest Central, http://ezproxy.canyons.edu:2048/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1634177230?accountid=38295.
Luscombe, Belida. “Gender Stereotypes: Kids Believe Them By Age 10.” Time, Time, 20 Sept. 2017, time.com/4948607/gender-stereotypes-roles/.
Women are expected to be the ideal housewife.
Ideally, women should be staying at home cleaning, cooking and taking care of the kids.
Parenthood, Planned. “Gender Identity & Roles.” Planned Parenthood, www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/sexual-orientation-gender/gender-gender-identity/what-are-gender-roles-and-stereotypes.
Wickman, Forrest. “Why Do We Call Manual Laborers Blue Collar?” Slate Magazine, 1 May 2012, www.slate.com/articles/business/explainer/2012/05/blue_collar_white_collar_why_do_we_use_these_terms_.html.
Barber, Nigel. “Why Women Feel Bad About Their Appearance.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 2 May 2013, www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-human-beast/201305/why-women-feel-bad-about-their-appearance.
“How Have Gender Stereotypes Changed in the Last 30 Years?” Phys.org - News and Articles on Science and Technology, phys.org/news/2016-03-gender-stereotypes-years.html.
Devor, Aaron. "Gender Role Behavior and Attitudes." SIGNS OF LIFE IN THE USA: Readings on Popular Culture for Writers, 8th ed., Bedford Bks St Martins, 2017, pp. 504.
The Fight Against
Stereotyping is an issue that will always be apart of each and everyone's daily lives.
Ending stereotypes is a quite impossible task, however, taking action against it can make an impact.
Ways to fight against stereotyping:
Speak out! (make yourself known if you or someone else is a victim of stereotyping)
Make it known! (evidence of stereotyping is everywhere throughout the media, so it's important to call it out)
Be a role model! (Setting an example for others and younger generations is the best way to teach others that stereotyping is wrong)
Men are expected to be tall and muscular with short hairstyles.
They are expected to dress a certain way; either casually wearing pants
and t-shirts or in business attire.