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Transcript of Flight Timeline
1000 B.C.E. Roger Bacon, English cleric, writes about mechanical flight 1250 A.D. Leonardo da Vinci designs flying machines and parachute. 1485-1500 Francesco de Lana Terzi publishes a design for lighter-than-air ship.
1670 Bartolomeu Laurenço de Gusmao designs model glider.
1709 Jean François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make the first free aerial voyage in a Montgolfier hot-air balloon. Also in 1783 Jacques Alexandre César Charles and M.N. Robert flew in a hydrogen balloon.
1783 André Jacques Garnerin makes the first human parachute descent, from a balloon.
1797 Henri Giffard's steam-powered airship makes first flight. 1852 Alphonse Pénaud experiments with twisted rubber to power model helicopter.
1870 Otto Lilienthal begins successful gliding experiments.
1891 Otto Lilienthal flies biplane gliders. 1895 Samuel P. Langley produces successful steam-powered models that fly.
1896 On December 17, 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright make first powered, sustained, and controlled flight in a heavier-than-air flying machine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
1903 On March 16, 1926 Robert H. Goddard makes first free flight of a liquid-fueled rocket.
1926 Frank Whittle, British inventor, invents the jet engine.
1930 Germany's Heinkel 178 is the first fully jet-propelled aircraft to fly.
1939 On October 14, 1947 Chuck E. Yeager pilots Bell X-1--the first aircraft to exceed the speed of sound in level flight. 1947 Yuri Gagarin flew only one space mission. On April 12, 1961 he became the first human to orbit Earth.
1961 On July 20, 1969 U.S. astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., are the first to walk on the moon. 1969