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Eastern Europe Timeline

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Nimi Patel

on 13 October 2013

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Transcript of Eastern Europe Timeline

Golden Horde 1251-1480
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Eastern Europe Timeline
Ancient Greece Timeline
776 BC- Traditional date for first Olympic Games
507 B.C- Democracy is first introduced in Athens during the rule of Cleisthenes.
499 B.C-> 449 B.C– The Greco-Persian wars are fought between the Greek city-states and Persia -Major battles were Battle of Sardis, Battle of Thermopylae, Battle of Plataea, and Battle of Salamis. -The war was resolved with Peace of Callias treaty.
479 BC-> 429 BC- Golden Age of Athens occurred during the age of Pericles' rule.
478 BC- The Delian League alliance was proposed by Athens to unite the city-states.
431 BC-> 404 BC- The Peloponnesian Wars are battled between Athens and Sparta for 27 years.
333 BC-> 323 BC- Conquests are led by Alexander the Great
323-> 30 BC- Hellenistic Era was characterized by the diffusion of Greek culture around the world
Byzantine Empire
330- was the founding of Constantinople
395-final division of Roman Empire into eastern and western Empire
7th century- loss of Syria/Palestine, Egypt, and North Africa to Arab forces
726-843- Iconoclastic controversy
988- Conversion of Vladimir, Prince of Kiev , to Christianity
1054- Mutual excommunication of pope and patriarch
1204- crusades sack Constantinople
1453- Ottomans seize Constantinople; end of Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
Developed branch of Christanity called Orthodox Christianity
Justinian code ruled from 527-565
Built the Hagia Sophia
Golden Age- reached its height under Macedonian emperors in the late 9th, 10th, and early 11th centuries
Was the most important western terminal for the Silk Road.
Crusades-Eastern Europe
Kiev Rus
-Around 879ce founded by Viking Oleg who ruled Novgorod First eastern Slavic
-Smolensk and Kiev were siezed and this is where the capital of Kiev Rus derrived from
-Oleg progressed with overtaking land by uniting local Finnish and Slovic tribed and defeated the Khazars(members of the Confederation of Turkish Tribes
-911 Oleg set up trade with Constantinople
-900-1100(10th and 11th century) was the peak of Kiev Rus when Vlamdimir I and Yarslav ruled
-During its peak it became the center of politics and culture of Eastern Europe

Romanov Dynasty
1613-Romanov Dynasty began which would last for 304 years
-Michael Romanov was dubbed the title "Emperor and Autocrat of all of Russia"
-The emperor of Russia became known as Tsar (Czar) and governed solely (autocratic rule)
-Parliament was never elected
-The Tsar would hand pick 10 people for a council
-The Romanov dynasty was successful for several hundred years but fell in February 1917(Roman Revolution)
Classical Greece
Athenian democracy and political reforms were introduced during the rule of Cleisthenes.
He introduced a system of “rule by the people”.
Greece's Golden Age occurred during the era of Pericles. He introduced reforms and building projects
Building of the Parthenon was commenced during this period
The Classical era in Athens, Greece produced great literature, philosophy, drama, and art.
The Delian League was an alliance of united Greek city-states commenced under the leadership of Athens.
Rivalry, tension, and the desire to be the best city state between Athens and Sparta resulted in the Peloponnesian Wars.
The conquests of Alexander the Great contributed lands under Greek control and began the Hellenistic Period
- Affected the Mediterranean area - Byzantine Empire

-During the fourth crusade (1198-1207 C.E.)

-The Crusades were a series of holy wars between the christians and muslims over the claim of the holy land

- Alexius III was abusing his power and was deemed no longer suited to rule the empire

-Crusaders headed towards Egypt were ordered to change paths and head for Constantinople in hopes of overthrowing Alexius III

-April 13 1204 C.E. - Crusaders capture/sack Constantinople

- Ultimately lead to the rapid decline of the Byzantine Empire due to the power struggles and invasions of other crusaders
- http://www.ancient-greece.org/resources/timeline.html
- http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/persianwars/a/TimePersianWars.htm
- http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/peloponnesianwar/a/timepelopwar.htm
- http://www.advancedplacementhistory.com/World%20Top%2010%20Byzantines.htm
- http://www.historynet.com/fourth-crusade.htm
- Strayer, Robert W. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009. Print.
-Mongols led by Genghis invaded China and captured peaking leading to their empire stretching from the Pacific to Volga River
-For over 200 years the Mongols controlled most of Russia
-The rulers of this empire derived from the "Golded Family"
-Batu Khan , grandson of Genghis Khan led the empire into Eastern Europe which was the start of the Golden Horde
-Period of ruling/major factor in history
-Most of Russia was isolated from the rest of the world
-This isolation led Russia to be behind the rest of the world
-1480-Timur broke up Golden Horde forming Kazan, Astrakhan and Crimea

By: Hayley Glover
Maya Guzman
Nimi Patel
Jena Poblete
Ivan the Great and Ivan the Terrible
-1440-1505-Ivan the Great (III) was the Grand Duke of Moscow
-Although Golden Horde ruled Russia for several hundred years, in 1480, Ivan the III gave up his allegiance to the Golden Horde
-Ivan developed a strong monarchy and strengthened Russia as a nation
~Ivan the Terrible~
-He was the grandson of Ivan III and was made czar of Russia in 1547
-Moscow became the capital to the Holy Russian empire
- He was a very cruel and bitter ruler
-His power as czar became absolute after he conquered independent principalities like Siberia
-Ivan put together police to govern and made peasants work on lands(making serfdom solid)
-Social classes began to form with the way he distributed land which was passed through families
-1582-Russia lost northern territories and access in the Baltic Sea after taking part in the Livonian War including {ortland and Sweden
-1584-Ivan died leaving Russia in ruins polictically and economically
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