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England in the Middle Ages
Transcript of England in the Middle Ages
period King Arthur and the Round Table
The Roman army left Britain about 410 AD.
The Anglo-Saxons invaded it. England in the Middle Ages Components: Natalia Arjona Martín
María Palma Carvajal Lara
Jesús Palomo Jiménez
Patricia Sánchez de la Fuente Martín Index 1. Introduction 1.1. Phehistoric Britain (until 43 AD)
- The Celts (s. IV BC - 43 AD)
1.2. Roman Britain (43 - 410) 2. England in the Middle Ages (410 - 1485) 2.1. The Early Middle Ages (410 -1066)
2.2. The High Middle Ages (1066 - 1216)
2.3. The Late Middle Ages (1216 - 1485) 3. Conclusions 3.1. The Tudors. INTRODUCTION Prehistoric Britain (until 43 AD) First arrival of humans
in Britain At least 25,000 years ago... The British peninsula In around 20,000 years ago... About 15,000 years ago... Great Britain became an island about 8,000 years ago The Celts (s. IV BC - 43 AD) ENGLAND IN THE MIDDLE AGES
(410 - 1485) The Early Middle Ages
(410 - 1066) Dark Ages A time of darkness and decay When did the Anglo-Saxons invade Britain? Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from? Why did the Anglo-Saxons invade Britain? How long did the Anglo-Saxons
stay in England? They ruled in England for about 500 years.
They never "went home". ENGLAND "Angle-Land" What religion did the Anglo-Saxons follow? They were pagans but gradually they converted to Christianity. Curiosities: The end of the Anglo-Saxon period: In 1066, the last Anglo Saxon king of England died at the Battle of Hastings. His name was King Harold.
William from Normandy (France) became the new King. The Roman Britain (43 - 410) The High Middle Ages (1066 - 1216) The Battle of Hastings (1066) The Bayeux tapestry Consequences: 1- Huge impact on the culture and the people.
2- Changes in the system of law.
3- New language and culture.
4- Introduction of the feudal system. The Late Middle Ages
(1216 - 1485) The Vikings
(793 - 1066) Where did the Vikings
come from? They were also known as
the "Norsemen" people from the North When did they invade Britain? The Vikings first invaded Britain in 793.
The Vikings of Normandy finally conquered England in 1066. Where did the Vikings settle in Britain? Curiosities: Real
unreal? Richard II (1377-1399) son of Prince Edward, or the "Black Prince".
Grandfather, King Edward the III.
•Peasant’s revolts (1381).
Causes House of Lancaster dynasty Henry IV (1399-1413) Epiphany rising (1400)
The Percy rebellion
•The battle of Shrewsbury (1403)
The Archbishop of York (1405)
•Battle of Bramham Moor (1408) Henry V (1413-1422) The battle of Agincourt (1415). Henry VI (1422-1461) Crowned king of England in 1429.
King of France in 1431.
Married to Margaret of Anjou in April 1445. War of the Roses
(1455 - 1485) 1455: The First Battle of St Albans.
1460: Battle of Northampton.
Battle of Wakefield.
1461: The Battle of Towton.
1485: Battle of Bosworth Field. Most important battles: House of York dynasty Edward IV (1461-1483) The Battle of Towton.
In 1470, Edward was forced to flee.
He eliminated the remaining Lancastrian resistance at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. Richard III (1483-1485) Last king of the York house and the Plantagenet dynasty.
In 1485 he fought against Henry Tudor. CONCLUSIONS Start of the Tudor dynasty in 1485,
with King Henry VII. The raise of the individualism.
The disintegration of the agrarian group.
More pronounced capitalism. Bibliography: Wilkinson, B. (1969). The later Middle Ages in England, 1216-1485, England. Longman group limited.
Mourón Figueroa, Cristina (2005). El ciclo de York: sociedad y cultura en la Inglaterra bajomedieval. Servizo de Publicacións e Intercambio Científico.
Prestwich, Michael (2005). Plantagenet England. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Davidson, Clifford (2005). Dramatic tradition of the Middle Ages. New York: AMS Press.
Myers, A.R. (1974). England in the late Middle Ages. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Stenton, Doris Marynglish (1977). Society in the early middle ages: (1066-1307). Harmondsworth: Penguin. http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/wars-of-the-roses.htm
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historia_de_Inglaterrahttp://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Econom%C3%ADa_de_Inglaterra_en_la_Edad_Mediahttp://www.slideshare.net/xavifer/inglaterra-en-la-edad-media Kings Timeline:
William the Conqueor William Rufus Henry I Queen Matilda Stephen Henry II
Richard the Lionheart John Henry III Richard the Lionheart
•Revolt against his father (King Henry II).
•Central Christian commander during the Third Crusade. John
•The duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France
•Baronial revolt: Magna Carta
Signed in June 1215It stopped King John abusing his power
with the people
It was considered the founding document of English liberties
and consequently, of American liberties.
Tiwesdæg ( Tiw's-day - the day of the Scandinavian sky god Tiw,Tiu or Tig).
Wodnesdæg ( Woden's day - the day of the god Woden).
Ðunresdæg ( Thor's Day - the day of the god Ðunor or Thunor ).
Frigedæg ( Freyja's day - the day of the goddess Freyja or Frigg, wife to Woden). Days of the week: Henry III (1216-1272)
Death Edward I (1272-1307) Edward II (1307-1327) Government
The Great Famine
Measures Disappearance Robin Hood Robert Fitz Ooth, Robert of Kyme,
Sir Robert Foliot and his descendants.
Robert Hood of Wakefield Rolls Edward III (1327-1377) Government
During his reign the Black Death. The Black Death Introduction
Origin and expansion
Disappearance of the plague
Consequences of the plague Canterbury Tales •Geoffrey Chaucer-14th century
•Themes (*Religious malpractice)
•Focus on the three states
•Vulgar English 3.2. Renaissance. England in the Middle Ages England in the Middle Ages
(410 - 1485) -Decline of the Roman Empire
-Beginning of the Anglo-Saxon period -English Renaissance
-Tudor dynasty Towns and villages Roman Britain Anglo-Saxon period Goals 1- Know when begins and finishes the Middle Ages in England.
2- Distinguish the three periods of the Middle Ages.
3- Recognize some of the key events from the topic.
4- Define several terms.
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/middleages/welcome.htm The Hundred Years War
Results of the War