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Dakota Toscan

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of universe

Universe The sun is the middle of the solor system. All the planets revolve around the sun. The sun is the biggest star in the solor system. The sun is a giant ball of gas. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It has a diameter of 3,031 miles, about two-fifths the Earth's diameter. Because of Mercury's size and how close it is to the sun, the planet is often hard to see from Earth without a telescope. The ancient Romans named it Mercury in honor of the swift messenger of their Gods. Mercury has no moons. Venus is the brightest of all the planets. This planet is about the same size as Earth but is covered with impenetrable clouds of carbon dioxide and sulfur compounds. It takes about 225 days to orbit the sun.

The Earth has one natural satillite which is the moon.
One Earth year is 365 days, which is how long it takes for the Earth to do one full rotation around the sun. The Earth is more then 1.4 billion years old.

71% of the Earths surface is covered with water, and
the average distance from the sun is 149,597,870 km.
The Earth orbits the un at a speed of 107,870 km per hour. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the Solar System.
It is also referred to as the "Red Planet" because of its
reddish appearance, which is causedby iron oxide.
Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, having surface features reminiscent both of the impact craters of
the Moon and the volcanoes, valleys, deserts, and polar
ice caps of Earth. It is the site of Olympus Mons, the
highest known mountain in the Solar System, and of
Valles Marineris, the largest canyon. Mars takes about the
same amount of time to rotate the sun, as Earth does.
Mars' seasons are also similer to Earths seasons. Jupiter is the fourth brightest object in the sky, after the Sun, the Moon and Venus. It has been known since prehistoric times as a bright "wandering star". It is the largest planet within the Solar System. It is a gas giant with a mass slightly less than one-thousandth of the Sun but is two and a half times the mass of all the other planets in our Solar System combined. Jupiter is classified as a gas giant along with Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Together, these four planets are sometimes referred to as the Jovian planets. The Planet Saturn is the second largest planet. It is the next planet after Jupiter. Saturn is famous for its beautiful rings. It has at lest 31 planets. It is about 10 times larger than our Earth.
The Average temperature is -178°C. Distance from Earth at its closest, is 1190.4 million km.
Saturns atmosphere is made up of hydrogen and helium.
Surface consists of liquid and gas.

Uranus is a very unusual planet. It sits on its side with the north and south poles sticking out the sides. It rotates around this axis, making it look like a ball rolling around in a circle around the Sun. Uranus is the 7th planet from the sun. Its diameter is 51,118 km. It has 21 moons and 10 rings.
The average Distance from Sun is 2,875,000,000 km.
It takes 84 Earth years for Uranus to do one full rotation around the sun. The length of one day on Uranus is 17 hours and 8 minutes.

Neptune is the 8th planet of the sun.
The diameter is 49,500 km. It has 8 moons and 4 rings. The average distance from sun is 4,504,000,000 km. Plutos orbit takes about 248 Earth years, sometimes it even takes its orbit inside Neptune’s orbit. Pluto is so cold that nitrogen and oxygen, which we breathe so easily on Earth, becomes frozen solid. The planet is only about two-thirds the size of our moon and up until recently was the biggest known object in the Kuiper Belt.
Written and Created By Dakota Toscan
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