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1960s- shaping Australia's identity 15196
Transcript of 1960s- shaping Australia's identity 15196
actively opposing government's ideas
demantion of women's right, racial equality and new consideration for the envrionment
demonstration against Vietnam War, conscription and nuclear industry The decade of the Hippie Fashion-
" shorter the skirts, longer the hair" Mod Fashion “modern”- youth lifestyle that emerged from London during 1960s
featuring bold geometric shapes and change of colours to bright, wild hues.
Mass produced, affordable and business increased as fashion trend changed
mini skirts rose a full 3 inches above the knee
It became an icon of the general culture of rebellion
Mini skirts were seen as a claim to women's right to display their bodies in their willingness. Influences Jean Shrimpton ( english model)
created controversy and creation of mini- skirt trend
wore a synthetic white shift dress with a hem, above her knees
no stockings/gloves/hat Knee high boots became popular but was not tall enough to close the gap between the boot and the hem symbol of the movement (peace and love):
flowers in their hair
peace sign sewn on clothing or wore around the neck
Fashion style and fabric were influenced by non- Western cultures ( Indian and African):
natural fabric, tie-dyed and paisley prints were popular
decorated with beads and fringes
bare feet or leather sandals
new style of denim jeans ie. bell- bottomed, tie-dyed and painted jeans smoking marijuana and took psychedelic drugs hoped to expand their minds
drug influenced art, music and fashion
LSD drug was popular and taking them resulted in a terrifying experience End of the 1960s:
expressing values of peace, love and freedom and found different pathways of life tied in with anti- war movement
biggest social protest movements of this decade
rejecting traditional society ideas and wanted to establish individuality
communal living and a nomadic lifestyle, " back to nature"
thought parents generation was self- centred and untrustworthy Entertainment " All I do is think and blink" from " Bewitched" Television in 1960s television was most popular leisure activity
by 1965, an estimate of 9/10 Australian families owned a tv set.
there were fewer channels and majoritiy were only small black and white TV's. Popular TV shows:
American comedies- " I love lucy" & " Leave it to Beaver"
British soap- "Coronation Street"
Westerns- " Rawhide" & "Bonanza"
Thriller series- " The Man From UNCLE", " The Avengers" & " The Fugitive"
Classic comedies-, " Munsters", " The Beverly Hillbillies" & "Bewitched" In late 1960s, Australian television was connected to international satellite system.
programs could be broadcast live between capital cities
Australia was now invovled in globally- significant televised events
Vietnam War, wittnessing deaths and destruction on TV sets every evening Cinema and Theatre Cinemas falling in crisis
Fortunately, in 1965 around 1000 Australian cinemas regain strength screening mostly American and British films.
Gaining audience's attention in cinemas, Hollywood began filming inappropriate films
films in cinemas targetted more to the teenage 'baby boomer" than families. movies included:
" Butch Cassidy and The Sundance Kid" & " Easy Rider"
1969, musical "Hair" opened in Australia, featured nudity, drug references and 'hippy' themes, its success signified a perceptible shift in the nation's conservative social values Bob Dylan and Joan Baez created music that you couldnt dance to
but in 1965 folk had gone hip and Dylan produced songs that were close to being the first rap
Beatles were established in 1962, a Liverpool band in Britain Music 1960s was a year of pop music
The new recordng buisness grew phenomenally in 1960s when it was developed in the 1950s
Shiny vinyl records were released in 2 versions, mono and stereo.
Although sound quality was poor, records easily got scratched and record players were small, young people was always excited for the fresh new music. Pop music was later felt by the Hippie culture, writing their ocwn material, creating lyrics and using unusual instruments and strange electronic effects.
The Beatles' 1967 album " Sergeant Pepper's lonely Hearts Club Band" started a new tradition- linking tracks Mary Quant said: ' I wanted everyone to retain the grace of a child and not to have to become stilted, confined, ugly beings. So i created clothes that worked and moved and allowed people to run, to jump, to leap, to retain their precious freedom' T.S. Eliot wrote in the " New York Post" in September 1963 that television: ' Permits millions of people to listen to the same joke at the same time, and yet remain lonesome' Horace Ove felt about a revloution would bring: 'Maybe racism would come to an end in every racist country, wars...would come to an end, and we would see more loving, understanding, communicating world..."