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Japanese Internment Camps

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by

Karla Cruz

on 25 March 2016

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Transcript of Japanese Internment Camps

Lifestyle
Who authorized the creation of these camps?
How are the camps an example of legally sanctioned discrimination and persecution?
What were the conditions of the internment camps?
Housing conditions at these internment camps were far different from the average home. There wer not enough cells for everyone to get there own, therefore, sometimes entire families live in one cell. One resident explained to have "no freedom, no privacy" while living in the camp.

Food at these internment camps added to the hardships that living at these camps caused. Residents were fed smal portions, only three times a day. A doctor describes the eating habits of the people at these camps, "There is no milk for anyone over 5 years of age… No meat at all until the 12th day when very small portions were served… Anyone doing heavy or outdoor work states they are not getting nearly enough to eat and they are hungry all the time, this includes the doctors" ( Living Conditions of Japanese American Internment Camps).

In order for the Japanese Americans to feel like they are normally living, they were expected to work. "The camps had school, medical care, camp newspapers, and sometimes musical entertainment". Depending on the work done, the Japanese were payed by the government. This varied from 13 to 19 dollars a month.
In order for the residents to feel at home, they were also allowed to do activities. Some included basketball, baseball and other sports.

Some may say that these camps werent all that bad, however, some internees died from poor medical care and high levels of stress.
Monday, March 21
Before the camps
How did life for Japanese Americans in the camps differ from their lives before the camps?
on December 7, 1941 the Japanese invaded the United States and destroyed the Pacific Fleet. Many of the USS ships sunk and many people had died because of the attack. Even though Army Air Corps pilots shot down 12 enemy planes, people were still very fearful and devastated at the outcome of the invasion. The attack had cause fear and changed the lives of all the Americans with Japanese heritage.

The attack intensified racial prejudices and led to the fear that Japanese Americans will sabotage other Americans.
"For most Japanese Americans, life before World War II was the same as it was for Americans of any ethnic background until they were labeled The New Enemy" After WW2 many people disrespected the Japanese American, even though, many were born in the states. However, before everything had happened, they had the same lifestyle as any other Americans.

In 1913 California passed a law that allowed asians to own property, this was called the "Alien Land Law". After a couple years, more states had passed the same law.

In June of 1935 congress passed an act that stated if any asians had served in the armed forces between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, they were permanent residents of the United States. Everything seemed alright until the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941.

Japanese Internment Camps
What led to the japanese internment camps?
Pearl Harbor
In February, 1942, Franklin Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066 that authorized the removal who might threaten the war effort. Immediately, the government gave everyone with japanese heritage living in the west coast only a few days to decide what to do with their things before leaving, they were not told how long they were going to be away, therefore, it was very overwhelming.

After they were taken from there homes and businesses, they were put into temporary assembly centers, but later taken into hastily build relocation centers. By November, the relocation was complete.
relocation center
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Discrimination
Discrimination has existed since the beginning. You never hear stories about whites being sent to camps or being discriminated, we only hear stories about colored people being judged and not treated fairly. We hear stories about people being treated horribly just because of their race.

The Japanese internment camps are huge examples of discrimination. Like the blacks and other races, the Japanese were denied the liberty that they deserved.
What reactions did Japanese Americans have to their forced internment?

Reactions
I can imagine that the Japanese Americans were very confused as to why this was happening. When President D. Roosevelt signed the executive order 9066, The Japanese Americans only had a few days to decide what to do with their possessions. If that were me i would feel angry and confused. Confused, because before WW2 things seemed to be fine, and now they were being relocated because of their ethnicity, however, there ethnicity hadnt been much of a problem before. Angry because all of a sudden things were being ripped away from them, including their freedom.
"On December 17th, 1944 U.S. Major General Henry C. Pratt announced that beginning January 2nd, 1945, the federal government would officially end the exclusion order that prevented Japanese and Japanese-Americans from returning to the West Coast following their release from World War II internment camps" In 1988, Presiden Reagan signed the Liberties Act of 1988 that provided $20,000 for each surviving internee, totaling $1.2 billion. In 1992, President George H. W. Bush signed the Civil Liberties Act Amendment of 1992, this act gave $400 million to give to the surviving internees, each intervee recieved $20,000 as an apology for the way these Americans were treated and to ensure that this will hopfully never happen again.
What reparations or compensations were made to Japanese Americans for this discriminatory treatment?


Apology accepted?
Cites
http://www.armchairgeneral.com/japanese-american-internment-during-world-war-ii.htm
http://www.ushistory.org/us/51e.asp
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/
primarysourcesets/internment/pdf/teacher_guide.pdf
http://la8period3.pbworks.com/w/page/25942447%20Conditions%20of%20Japanese%20American%20Internme/Livingnt%20Camps
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