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1000 - Class 18

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Kelly Blidook

on 13 February 2019

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Transcript of 1000 - Class 18

Forms of Government
Transitions to Democracy

Posc 1000 – Intro to Political Science
Another factor in Democratic Transitions

Pro: benefits of economic growth and shared values

Con: convergence and cultural change create fear and negative reaction
Decreases in democracy:
Various states have seen increases in non-democratic practices

"Predatory States"

Democracy in Retreat (Diamond)
First Wave: 17th century – 1918

Second Wave: period following World War Two

Third Wave: the period after 1974

“Waves” of Democratic Transitions
China: 1.2 billion people

Eastern Europe, Central Asia (including Russia): weak democracies

Islam: Most states are non-democratic (exceptions include Turkey, Indonesia, Bangledesh - weak)

Sub-Saharan Africa: South Africa probably only truly established democracy

Clear cultural (value) differences from Western Europe, North America
Current Challenges
1. Dealing with clashing groups

Ethnic and National conflict

Religious fundamentalism

Problems in Democratic Transitions
3. Strong Civil Society
Organized social life that is open, volutary, autonomous from state

Key elements to Democratic Transitions
1. Constitutions and Rule of Law
Checks and Balances on government
Habeas Corpus

Key elements to Democratic Transitions
Three Institutions of importance to liberal democracy:

1) State: requires power to protect citizens and itself

2) Rule of Law: requires limits on what state can do and equality
of citizens

3) Accountable government: state responds to citizens
The Origins of Political Order (Fukuyama)
4. Economic Development
Distribution of power resources in society enable democracy
2. Free and Fair Elections
Competitive opposition
Peaceful transition in government
2. Military or Para-Military force and corruption

Military often used for election rigging, or involved in coup

Military force can dominate other societal groups
Full transcript