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Lecture 11: systematic theology
Transcript of Lecture 11: systematic theology
B. The Gospels
• Matthew 1:18-20, Luke 1:35 – The Holy Spirit was the agent causing the immaculate conception of Christ in Mary.
• Luke 1:15, 41 – John the Baptist is filled with the Holy Spirit even while in his mother’s womb.
• Matthew 3:11- While John the Baptist baptized with water, he stated that Jesus would come and baptize with the Holy Spirit.
• Luke 11:13 – The Father will give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him.
• Matthew 12:31-32, Mark 3:29, Luke 12:10 – Jesus says that Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is the unforgivable.
• Matthew 28:19 – Jesus puts the Spirit in the same grouping as the Father and the Son.
Subcategory #2- Bibliology
1-The Bible is inspired
Subcategory #3- Christology
A) It is distinct from "soteriology," which is the study of the work of Jesus Christ in redemption and salvation.
B) Addresses the issue of Jesus being both God and man, and becoming such in the incarnation
Subcategory #1- Theology
Begins with God, who reveals Himself in His Word (Biblical)
Humankind is "pressed down" by the knowledge of God on the inside (Romans 1:18)
God writes His word on the heart
More simply stated...
A Christian Systematic Theology is an explanation as to how the answers to the 8 Worldview Questions fit together in a Biblical context.(Combines the theological categories of Biblical and Systematic Theology)
A Christian Systematic Theology strives to be both comprehensive and coherent (to address every area of life and reality and show how they fit together)
How do a Christian WV & a Christian/Biblical Systematic Theology Relate to one another?
A Christian Worldview...
The subcategories of the category “Theology”, known as Systematic Theology...
• Theology- the study of the character of God
• Bibliology- the study of the Bible
• Christology- the study of Christ
• Pneumatology- the of the Holy Spirit
• Soteriology- the study of salvation
• Anthropology- the study of man
• Angelology- the study of angels
• Ecclesiology- the study of the Church
• Eschatology- the study of the end times
Theos (God)+ logos (word)=theology=the study of God
ST is one of at least 4 major types/categories of theology (Biblical, Systematic, Dogmatic, Historical).
The Bible begins with? God...
1) it assumes his existence: "in the beginnning God..." (Gen. 1:1) "In the beginning was the Word.." (John 1:1)
2) it describes His working in and through the history of man: Matt 1:1-7 & Luke 3:23-28 (the geneology of Jesus)
"Systematic Theology should begin where God makes Himself known; the Word of God." --Dr. Douglas F. Kelly
The God whom we presuppose...
...has revealed Himself in His word, therefore...
what His word says about Him and that
should be correct/accurate.
After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed:
“Father, the hour has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you. For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him. Now this is eternal life: that they
you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.
(Theology, Bibliology, Christology, Pneumatology, Soteriology)
HUM 103 Lecture #11
Dr. Jeff Voth
more than intellectual knowledge. Deep familial knowledge.
Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here! (2 Cor. 5:17)
Therefore, the task of systematic theology is to...
“...set forth in orderly and coherent
manner the truth respecting God and
His relations to men and the world.”
(John Murray, Collected Writings, 1.1)
A commitment, a fundamental orientation of the heart, that is expressed as a set of Biblically based presuppositions, that Christians hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic constitution of reality and that provides the foundation on which they live, move and have their being.” (Sire, The Universe Next Door, loc 133)
A Christian Systematic Theology...
The manner, according to the Bible, in which the God whom Christians pre-suppose, has revealed Himself in every area of existence and how that revelation affects and coheres in every area where they live and move and have their being.
Subcategory #1- Theology (cont.)
Revelation= How God has shown himself to mankind...
Natural/General revelation is...
1) where God has shown himself through the phenomena of nature
2) not sufficient to lead someone to salvation, because of the negative impact of sin
Subcategory #1 (cont.)
Special/supernatural revelation is...
1) direct intervention from God for the purpose of interpreting truths gathered from general revelation
2) for the purpose of illuminating man so that he can see the handwriting of God in nature
3) for the purpose of furnishing man with the revelation of God's redemptive plan
Subcategory #1- Theology (cont.)
3 in 1
"The Father, Son and Holy Spirit, mutually indwell
one another." -Dr. Douglas Kelley
God has revealed himself as...being knowable (Romans 1&2)
...One who has names:
1.) El, Elohim= Creator
2.) Elyon= God’s exalted character,
3.) Adonai= Master,
4.) Shaddai= The mountain one,
5.) YHWH= Covenant name,
6.) “I AM”,
7.) Abba... ...being One (Shema Israel, Deut 6:4)
4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
...being Trinity (progressively revealed from OT to NT)
God the Father
God the Son
God the Holy Spirit
2 Tim. 3:16
16 All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for
teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness...
2 Peter 1:19-21
19 We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. 20 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things.
21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
“It is a divine product! This encompasses certain areas of mystery. The Bible is created and not deity, but it is divine...(and) God used human personality in all its fulness to communicate HIs message.” Dr. Douglas Kelley
2-The Bible is inerrant
It is error free in its teaching
Scripture is clear enough for the simplest person to live by it
Scripture is deep enough to form an inexhaustible mine for readers of the highest intellectual capacity
C) Some references to Jesus' Deity
1. Pre-existent - Jn. 1:1,2; 17:5; Phil. 2:6; Col. 1:17; Rev. 1:8,
2. Creator - Jn. 1:3,10; I Cor. 8:6; Col. 1:16 3. Sustainer - Col. 1:17; Heb. 1:3,
3. Source of life - Jn. 5:26; 11:25; 14:6; 17:3; Rom. 6:23; I Jn. 5:12, )
4. Revealer of God - Matt. 11:27; Jn. 1:18; 14:7; II Cor. 4:4; Heb. 1:3
5. Son of God - Mk. 1:1; 9:7; Lk. 1:35; Jn. 1:34; 10:36; Rom. 1:4
6. Identified as God - Jn. 5:18; 10:30; Phil. 2:6; Col. 1:19; 2:9; Titus 2:13 8. I AM - Mk. 14:62; Lk. 22:70; Jn. 8:24,58; 11:25; 14:6; 18:5
7. Trinity - Matt. 28:19; I Cor. 12:4-6; Eph. 3:14-17
8. Holy One - Mk. 1:24; John 6:69; Acts 2:27; 3:14
9. Object of faith - Mk. 8:34-38; Jn. 6:29,40; I Jn. 5:13
10. Forgives sin - Matt. 9:6; Mk. 2:7,10; Lk. 5:21,23; Acts 5:31
11. Savior - Matt. 1:21; Lk. 2:30; Jn. 1:29; 4:42; Acts 4:12; 5:31; Heb. 5:9 14. Lord - Lk. 2:11; John 20:28; Rom. 10:9,12; 14:9; I Cor. 12:3; II Cor. 13:14
D) Some references to Jesus’ Humanity
1. Genealogy - Matt. 1:1-17; Lk. 3:23-38
2. Birth as infant - Matt. 2:1; Lk. 2:7; Rom. 1:3; Gal. 4:4 3. Human flesh - Lk. 24:39; Jn. 1:14; Rom. 8:2; Heb. 2:14 4. Tangible - Col. 2:9; I Jn. 1:1-3
3. Development and growth - Lk. 2:40,46,51
4. Human senses - Matt. 4:2; Jn. 4:6; 11:34; 19:28
5. Emotion - Matt. 9:36; 26:37-40; Mk. 10:21; Lk. 10:21 8. 6.Temptation - Matt. 4:1-11; Lk. 4:1-3; 22:44; Heb. 2:18 9. Prayer - Matt. 14:23; Mk. 1:35; Lk. 5:16; 22:39,41
7. Derivative activity - Jn. 8:28; 14:10; Acts 2:22
8. Death - Jn. 19:30; Phil. 2:8
9. Son of Man - Mk. 8:31; 9:12; 10:33
10. Man - Acts 2:22; Rom. 5:15; I Cor. 15:21; Phil. 2:7-8
Subcategory #5- Soteriology
Soteriology--the study of salvation
A) The biblical pattern of Salvation from sin and eternal death has to do with "the Atonement"
1)propitiation-"the shedding of blood" (Lev. 16)
2) bearing of sin (Lev. 16)
3) restitution atonement (Numbers 5)
4) cleanness and atonement (Lev. 14)
B) The Role of Jesus Christ= The Atonement (Heb. 2:14-18)
14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might break the power of him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil— 15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants.
17 For this reason he had to be made like them,[a] fully human in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. 18 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.
C) The accomplishments of Jesus Christ as a result of the Atonement:
1) The Devil became powerless (Heb. 2:14)
2) He freed those who were slaves (Heb. 2:15)
3) He became a merciful and faithful high priest (Heb. 2:17a)
4) He became a propitiation for the sins of the people (Heb. 2:17b)
5) He became an expiation (Psalm 78:8-9; 1 Peter 3:18)
To atone means to cover. The Hebrew verb “kaphar” means to cover. Yom= day, hence
Day of Atonement...Day of Covering...Yom Kippur.
Anthropology-the study of man/mankind/humankind
A) Made in God's image=Gen. 1:26-27 "What does this mean?"
1) a human being has a physical body
2) a human being is a rational being
3) a human being is free to choose
4) a human being is a relational being
5) human beings are in dominion over creation
6) human beings are male and female
B) Fallen and Cursed=Genesis 3 "What does this mean?"
1) the physical body will die
2) rationality has become depraved/deprived
3) slaves to sin
4) relationship with God is broken and with other humans becomes tainted
5) creation works against humanity as humanity tries to dominate it
6) there is disharmony in the male/female relationship
C) Hope? through the Atonement (soteriology), Jesus became our 2nd Adam (1 Cor. 15)
26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals,and over all the creatures that move along the ground.” 27 So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them.
Angelology=the study of angelic beings (angels & demons)
"What are angels?"
A) They are spiritual beings who have emotions, intelligence and will
#1-- there are good angels (Heb. 1:6-7)
#2-- there are evil angels (demons) (Luke 10:18, Eph. 6:12, Jude 6)
#3-- they worship God (Rev. 5:8-13)
#4-- they rejoice in what God does (Job 38: 6-7)
#5-- they serve God (Psalm 103:20)
#6-- they are instruments of God's judgements (Rev. 7:1, 8:1-5)
#7-- they bring answers to prayer (Acts 12:5-10)
#8-- they aid in winning people to Christ (Acts 8:26)
#9-- they encourage in times of danger (Acts 27:23-24)
#10-- they care for the righteous at the time of death (Luke 16:22)
Ecclesiology=the study of the Church
"What is the church?"
A) Those who confess Jesus as Lord (Matt. 16:18 first usage of word)
"And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church and the gates of Hades will not overcome it."
B) Those who confess Jesus locally (Rom. 16:5) & universally (Acts 9:31)
C) Those who confess Jesus visibly (like Peter in Matt. 16:18) and invisibly
Heb. 12:1,23 "1 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us...23 to the church of the firstborn, whose names are written in heaven. You have come to God, the Judge of all, to the spirits of the righteous made perfect."
Eph. 5:25 "25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her 26 to make her holy, cleansing[a] her by the washing with water through the word, 27 and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless."
D) The Body of Christ
Eph. 5:30 "for we are members of his body."
Col. 1:18 "And he is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything he might have the supremacy."
Eschatology=the study of the end times. "What is the end times? It depends on who you ask"
A) The Preterist believes that the events of the tribulation have already been fulfilled and the millennium is being fulfilled in the church age.
B) The Amillennialist believes that the events of the tribulation have already been fulfilled and that the Church is ruling and reigning with Jesus.
C) The Postmillennialist believes that the tribulation has already occurred and that the Church will usher in Jesus’ reign.
D) The Premillenialist believes that there will be a literal reign over the earth for 1,000 years by Jesus and the nation of Israel.
Each of these views have their own thoughts as to when the rapture would occur, if one occurs at all.
“Pneumatology”- is the study of the Holy Spirit
A. Old Testament Passages
• Genesis 1:2 – The Holy Spirit was integrally involved in creation. He moved over the surface of the waters covering the earth, as if to be the agent who searched out and reconnoitered the situation prior to the formation.
• Judges 3:10, 15:14, 16:20 – The Holy Spirit came upon the Judges to help them in their office. The presence of the Spirit gave them power to overcome their enemies. However, the Spirit was not permanent, and when He left Samson, he lost his strength.
Jesus is the thesis