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Criminal Law

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by

Connie Brzozowski, RHIT

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of Criminal Law

Criminal Law
Crime
is an offense committed against the public good, or society.
Defendant
Is a person who is accused of a crime.
Plaintiff
The party that accuses a person of a crime.
Prosecutor
The government official who brings the case against the defendant.
misdemeanor
is a less serious crime.
Infraction
a minor offense that is usually punishable with a fine and not with jail time.
There are 3 levels of crime.
1. Felony
2. Misdemeanors
3. Infractions
Felony
A major crime. it is punishable by fine, Imprisonment or both.
Example: Murder, Kidnapping or agrivated assault.
A crime requires two elements
-the criminal act
-the required state of mind
Intent
Something that is intended; an aim or purpose.
Criminal Defenses
Insanity
Entrapment
Self-Defense
Defense of Family Members
Entrapment
means a person was talked into or tricked by a police officer into committing a crime .
Types of Crime
crimes can be categorized into crimes against
people
business
society
property
government
Crimes against people
murder
manslaughter
battery
assault
kidnapping
sex offenses
domestic viloence
Murder
intentional killing of another person.
Manslaughter
killing another person without intending to do so.
Battery
the unlawful touching of another person.
Assault
an attempt to commit a battery.
Domestic Violence
any reckless form of physical or mental harm in a family or household.
Crimes against property
burglary
larceny
robbery
vandalism
Burglary
under common law, is breaking and entering into a house at night to commit a felony.
Larceny
the unlawful taking of someone's personal property with the intent to keep the property away from that person.
Robbery
the wrongful taking of someone's property by threatening violence or using violence.
Vandalism
willful or malicious damage to property.
Crimes against business
embezzlement
shoplifting
fraud
Money laundering
arson
forgery
Embezzlemant
The wrongful taking of property by someone lawfully entrusted with possession and control of that property.
Shoplifting
Stealing goods from a store.
Fraud
When a person or a business engages in some form of deception to obtain money or property.
Money Laundering
When criminals obtain large amounts of money illegally, they need to hide the money. They often do this by putting the money into a legal business to launder it.
Arson
Willful and malicious burning of a building.
Forgery
Placing a false signature on a check or other document with the intent to deceive someone in order to deprive that person of his or her property.
Crimes against the Government
Treason
Perjury, obstruction of Justice, and Contempt of court
Bribery
Treason
Waging a war against the United States, or giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States.
Perjury
A person lies under oath during a court process or an administrative procedure.
obstruction of Justice
An individual does something that hinders the ability of the court to move forward in a judicial proceeding.
Contempt of court
When an individual ignores a court order or shows a lack of proper respect for the integrity of the court

bribery
giving moner or property to a public official in exchange for a favor.
Crimes against society
Disorderly Conduct
Rioting

Disorderly conduct
An activity that threatens to disrupt the social order, to imperil public safety, or to jeopardize the health of the public at large.
Rioting
an activity that generally requires a gathering of at least three individuals who threaten to harm people of to damage property, or who violently commit on or the other of those offenses.
Motor vehicle violations
drag racing
joy riding

Drag Racing
Racing two vehicles side by side or timing vehicles tha separarely run a prearranged course.
Joy Riding
taking a vehicle without the owners permission.
The End
Works Cited.
Brown, G., & Paul, S. (2008) Business and personal law real-world connections. (Teacher Wraparound Edition ed.). Woodland Hills: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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