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SSAWG Presentation: Food and Agricultural Policy 101
Transcript of SSAWG Presentation: Food and Agricultural Policy 101
Farm Bill 101 Question 1:
How many titles are in the farm bill?
Can you name one farm bill program in the Nutrition Title?
One in the Conservation Title?
Which committee writes the farm bill?
When the 2008 farm bill expired with no new bill passed, to what year did farm law revert?
Where are we now? Do we have a full 5-year farm bill, no farm law, or an extension? Title I – Commodity Programs
Title II – Conservation
Title III – Trade
Title IV – Nutrition Programs
Title V – Credit
Title VI – Rural Development
Title VII – Research
Title VIII – Forestry
Title IX – Energy
Title X – Horticulture & Organic Agriculture
Title XI – Livestock
Title XII – Crop Insurance
Title XIII – Commodity Futures
Title XIV – Miscellaneous
Title XV – Trade & Taxes Nutrition
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)
Community Food Projects (CFP)
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)
Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program (BFRDP)
Value Added Producer Grant (VAPG)
Specialty Crop Block Grant (SCBG)
Outreach and Technical Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers
National Organic Certification Cost Share Program (NOCCSP) The Basics: How a Bill Becomes a Law Authorization
Legislation can be written by:
Member of Congress
Advocacy group (e.g., NSAC)
Member of Congress introduces a bill
Bill number assigned Appropriations
Programs compete for available funding
Two types of funding:
Fiscal Year – October 1–September 30
Appropriations Committees determine annual discretionary spending Congressional Committees:
Authorizing Committees: write the Farm Bill
House Committee on Agriculture
Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
Appropriations Committees: determine how much funding should be allocated for specific programs during each fiscal year Legislative Focus Areas:
Farm Bill Reauthorization
Annual Agricultural Appropriations
Food Safety Modernization Act
Child Nutrition Reauthorization Where are we now? On-the-Ground Action
(farm tours, in-district meetings, etc.) Build relationships with your legislator
(direct advocacy, phone calls, welcome message to new members, etc.) Collaboration Media
(tell YOUR story!) Questions?
Shavaun Evans and Helen Dombalis
email@example.com Authorization Cont...
Bill is assigned to Committee/Subcommittee
Reading, debate, amendments
Full vote Authorization Cont...
Second Floor Vote
President can sign or veto bill
Veto overridden with two-thirds majority vote
Alabama Sustainable Agriculture Network
Carolina Farm Stewardship Association
C.A.S.A del Llano
Central Appalachian Network
Delta Land and Community
Rural Advancement Foundation International
Virginia Association for Biological Farming
Wallace Center 2012 Farm Bill: The Timeline
- April: Senate Agriculture Committee passes Farm Bill
- June: full Senate passes Farm Bill
- July: House Agriculture Committee passes Farm Bill
- September 30: 2008 Farm Bill expires, programs in limbo land
- New Year's: Fiscal cliff bill passes with Farm Bill extension The last-minute fiscal cliff deal:
- Stabenow and Lucas offered a good plan
- Biden and McConnell made decisions
- No reform to commodity programs
- Key sustainable agriculture programs are not restored "Orphan Programs"
- The Big Ten:
Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program
Farmers Market Promotion Program
National Organic Certification Cost Share
Organic Agriculture Research and Extension
Organic Data Initiative
Outreach and Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers (2501)
Rural Energy for America Program
Rural Microentrepeneur Assistance Program*
Specialty Crop Research Initiative
Value-Added Producer Grants*
- Positives for Senior Farmers Market Nutrition Program and Specialty Crop Block Grants The Farm Bill: On the ground We need YOU in 2013
to help call on Congress to act! Helen Dombalis and Shavaun Evans Lydia Villanueva A look back at 2012...