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Literary Analysis: Genre/Tone/Mood/Theme
Transcript of Literary Analysis: Genre/Tone/Mood/Theme
Literature about imaginary events and/or people
So what are GENRES?
Analysis - to break something down in order to gain DEEPER UNDERSTANDING.
a story that is made up or not true...
However the characters, settings, and plot events are BELIEVABLE and could be REAL.
Informational writing based solely on FACTS.
So what exactly is THEME?
Genres are CATEGORIES used to classify/categorize the different kinds of written work.
How do you determine a work's GENRE?
A reader can look at the different characteristics such as CONTENT and LITERARY ELEMENTS to figure out which GENRE a work belongs to.
Let's take a look at some genres...
a fictional story that has elements that are IMPOSSIBLE such as:
A SUSPENSEFUL, fictional story about a PUZZLING event (stolen item, missing person, murder, kidnapping) that is not SOLVED until the end of the story.
Poetry is VERSE written to create response of THOUGHT and FEELING from the reader. It often uses RHYTHM and RHYME.
a fictional story that takes place in a particular time in the PAST. Often there are real SETTINGS or PLOT events, but the CHARACTERS are made up.
A type of fiction which usually takes place in the FUTURE and has a lot of SCIENCE or TECHNOLOGY involved in the plot.
Types of Fiction
the story of a real PERSON'S life written by ANOTHER person.
the story of a real person's life, written by THAT person.
nonfiction texts that provide FACTS about a variety of topics.
Who is this guy?
What does he do?
Let's use our "detective" skills to help us figure out what this story is about...
He put down $10.00 at the window. The woman behind the window gave him $4.00. The person next to him tried to give him $3.00, but he gave it back to her. So, when they went inside, she bought him a large bag of popcorn.
Where is the story taking place?
Why did the man give the woman behind the window money?
Who is the woman behind the window?
How much does one ticket cost?
Who is the other person with the man?
Why does the other woman buy the man popcorn?
an inference is an EDUCATED
guess about information
that is not directly
Inferences are based on EVIDENCE in the text and your own knowledge and EXPERIENCES.
Many times, authors do not tell you everything you need to know about CHARACTERS, settings, and the THEME.
As the reader, you must make INFERENCES about UNSTATED information.
Check For Understanding
We will review each scenario and you will infer what the character is like or what the situation is...Take your BEST educated guess
READ BETWEEN THE LINES!!
"Troy stuttered, blushed and shook as he addressed the crowd."
What can you infer about Troy from this statement?
The sun was low in the sky. Kay's body ached. Blisters had formed on her hands. She set the rake down on the big pile of leaves and headed for home.
As usual, Jim left for school ten minutes later than he should have. His shoelaces were untied and his backpack was unzipped. He had traveled only one block when he heard his mother shout his name. He looked back and saw her waving his brown bag lunch.
Joyce straightened the tablecloth and turned the crystal vase so that it caught the light of the setting sun. She placed two wine glasses on the table, dimmed the lights and lit the candles. Dinner was in the oven. All that was left to do was wait. She checked her hair in the mirror one last time and sat down on the couch.
By the time Amy arrived at the café, Juan was drinking his third cup of coffee. "I'm so sorry," she called out when she saw him and gestured to her naked wrist where her watch used to be.
"This is my last cigarette," Hal said for the millionth time. What can we infer about Hal?
"You don't know what you're missing," Susan shouted into the phone over the loud music of the party.
"Nah, I'm too tired," Tim said.
"Well, suit yourself, but you'll be sorry," Susan replied.
Ben slammed down the phone. Why did Steve always have to be right? Why didn't he ever listen?
Rubin made a mental checklist: Do laundry. Go to supermarket and get groceries. Clean house. Fix hallway light. Change the bed sheets in guest room. Wrap presents. His parents were coming in the morning and he didn't know how he would get everything done.
Carrie heard footsteps behind her. The hair on the back of her neck stood on end. She began to quicken her pace, hoping that whoever was following her wouldn't notice, but at last she gave in to a run.
A story's theme is its CENTRAL IDEA. At it's heart it's what the story is supposed to be about.
It's the MESSAGE the author wants to get across to his/her readers.
an author comes right out
and states the theme DIRECTLY!
The theme is to never give up!
MOST of the time,
the theme is IMPLIED!
So there's this guy see...
He was short. So they cut him from his Junior High Basketball Team. He was mad. He spent the next summer shooting over 500 shots a day. He ran all the time. His game improved. One day, he proved that coach who cut him wrong...in the hall of fame!
Theme is NOT expressed in a single word!
Never give up!
Do unto others as you would have them do unto you!
Violence is not the answer!
Don't trust strangers!
Sometimes, less is more.
Value quality over quanity.
So how do I figure a theme out?
As you read, you need to look at:
what the characters SAY and DO
where the story TAKES PLACE
OBJECTS that seem important to help you determine the theme
The theme is revealed by:
the way characters CHANGE or MATURE in a story
CONFLICT and its RESOLUTION
statements made by the author, or DIALOGUE between characters
Understanding theme involves understanding:
to inform, tell, or teach
to entertain or amuse
to persuade or convince
Almost always NONFICTION, rarely fiction
FACTS, DETAILS, statistics, dates, examples, events, quotes from EXPERTS, names of people and places
Nonfiction: Encyclopedias, TEXTBOOKS, Instruction Manuals, Cookbooks, BIOGRAPHIES, Autobiographies, Interviews, DICTIONARY
Fiction: Fables, folktales, fairy tales****
How Can You Tell?
Nonfiction: Is the author trying to improve your KNOWLEDGE about a topic?
Fiction: Is the author trying to teach you a LESSON about life while also entertaining you?
Literary Elements; CONFLICT, Setting, Plot, Theme, Dialogue
Short Stories, NOVELS, Plays, POETRY, Fairy Tales*, Fables*, Folktales*
How Can You Tell?
Is the author's goal for the reader to ENJOY reading the passage?
Primarily OPINIONS (for/against a topic) supported with FACTS
Editorials, Debates, ADVERTISEMENTS in magazines and newspapers
How Can You Tell?
Is the author trying to get you to do something?
Is the author trying to get you to THINK in a certain way?
The tone is the writer's ATTITUDE toward his/her subject.
Imagine the author standing in front of a group of people, what does he or she sound like?
Why does tone matter?
Well, say you're writing an article about this new video game you've been playing...
What kind of tone would you choose, if you've enjoyed the game?
How about if you hated it?
Now, say you were a family member of someone that was injured by a drunk driver.
What kind of tone do you think you'd choose?
What affects tone?
Mood, sometimes known as ATMOSPHERE, is the FEELING that the reader gets by reading something.
Examples of MOOD:
How does an author create mood?
character's EMOTIONS, actions, and WORDS
What is the mood for each of the following settings?
Meadow in the mountains?
"Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout..."
"The Courage That My Mother Had"
"The Tell Tale Heart"
Check For Understanding
What is a literary analysis?
What does genre mean?
Identify 2 types of genre and provide an example of a book that would fit each.
The Call of the Wild would fall into what genre? Explain how it fits into the category you selected
Check for Understanding
What does theme mean?
How do discover the theme of a story?
What was the theme from The Call of the Wild? Support your answer by providing evidence in support of your response.
How does body language influence tone?
Author Purpose and Tone Check for Understanding:
How do you determine an authors purpose?
What was Jack London's purpose when he wrote The Call of the Wild?
What elements contribute to the tone of a piece of literature?