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Literary Analysis: Genre/Tone/Mood/Theme

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Aisha Ramlawi

on 16 October 2016

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Transcript of Literary Analysis: Genre/Tone/Mood/Theme

Realistic Fiction
Literature about imaginary events and/or people
Fiction
So what are GENRES?
GENRE
THEME
Analysis - to break something down in order to gain DEEPER UNDERSTANDING.
Literary Analysis
a story that is made up or not true...

However the characters, settings, and plot events are BELIEVABLE and could be REAL.
Informational writing based solely on FACTS.
So what exactly is THEME?
Genres are CATEGORIES used to classify/categorize the different kinds of written work.
How do you determine a work's GENRE?
A reader can look at the different characteristics such as CONTENT and LITERARY ELEMENTS to figure out which GENRE a work belongs to.
Let's take a look at some genres...
Mystery
Biography
Autobiography
Poetry
Textbooks
Science Fiction
Myths
Fable
Encyclopedia
Folktale
Historical Fiction
Realistic Fiction
Newspapers
Nonfiction
Fantasy
a fictional story that has elements that are IMPOSSIBLE such as:
talking animals
strange creatures
magic
Mystery
A SUSPENSEFUL, fictional story about a PUZZLING event (stolen item, missing person, murder, kidnapping) that is not SOLVED until the end of the story.
Poetry
Poetry is VERSE written to create response of THOUGHT and FEELING from the reader. It often uses RHYTHM and RHYME.
Historical Fiction
a fictional story that takes place in a particular time in the PAST. Often there are real SETTINGS or PLOT events, but the CHARACTERS are made up.
Science Fiction
A type of fiction which usually takes place in the FUTURE and has a lot of SCIENCE or TECHNOLOGY involved in the plot.
Types of Fiction
Realistic
Science
Historical
Fantasy
Poetry
Mystery
Haiku
Limerick
Cinquain
Couplet
Biography
the story of a real PERSON'S life written by ANOTHER person.
Autobiography
the story of a real person's life, written by THAT person.
Informational
nonfiction texts that provide FACTS about a variety of topics.
newspaper
magazine
encyclopedia
Textbooks
Inferences
Who is this guy?
What does he do?
Let's use our "detective" skills to help us figure out what this story is about...
He put down $10.00 at the window. The woman behind the window gave him $4.00. The person next to him tried to give him $3.00, but he gave it back to her. So, when they went inside, she bought him a large bag of popcorn.
Where is the story taking place?
Why did the man give the woman behind the window money?
Who is the woman behind the window?
How much does one ticket cost?
Who is the other person with the man?
Why does the other woman buy the man popcorn?
an inference is an EDUCATED
guess about information
that is not directly
STATED.
Inferences are based on EVIDENCE in the text and your own knowledge and EXPERIENCES.
Many times, authors do not tell you everything you need to know about CHARACTERS, settings, and the THEME.
As the reader, you must make INFERENCES about UNSTATED information.
Check For Understanding

We will review each scenario and you will infer what the character is like or what the situation is...Take your BEST educated guess
READ BETWEEN THE LINES!!
#1
"Troy stuttered, blushed and shook as he addressed the crowd."

What can you infer about Troy from this statement?
#2
The sun was low in the sky. Kay's body ached. Blisters had formed on her hands. She set the rake down on the big pile of leaves and headed for home.
#3
As usual, Jim left for school ten minutes later than he should have. His shoelaces were untied and his backpack was unzipped. He had traveled only one block when he heard his mother shout his name. He looked back and saw her waving his brown bag lunch.
#10
Joyce straightened the tablecloth and turned the crystal vase so that it caught the light of the setting sun. She placed two wine glasses on the table, dimmed the lights and lit the candles. Dinner was in the oven. All that was left to do was wait. She checked her hair in the mirror one last time and sat down on the couch.
#8
By the time Amy arrived at the café, Juan was drinking his third cup of coffee. "I'm so sorry," she called out when she saw him and gestured to her naked wrist where her watch used to be.
#9
"This is my last cigarette," Hal said for the millionth time. What can we infer about Hal?
#5
"You don't know what you're missing," Susan shouted into the phone over the loud music of the party.
"Nah, I'm too tired," Tim said.
"Well, suit yourself, but you'll be sorry," Susan replied.
#7
Ben slammed down the phone. Why did Steve always have to be right? Why didn't he ever listen?
#4
Rubin made a mental checklist: Do laundry. Go to supermarket and get groceries. Clean house. Fix hallway light. Change the bed sheets in guest room. Wrap presents. His parents were coming in the morning and he didn't know how he would get everything done.
#6
Carrie heard footsteps behind her. The hair on the back of her neck stood on end. She began to quicken her pace, hoping that whoever was following her wouldn't notice, but at last she gave in to a run.
A story's theme is its CENTRAL IDEA. At it's heart it's what the story is supposed to be about.
It's the MESSAGE the author wants to get across to his/her readers.
SOMETIMES,
an author comes right out
and states the theme DIRECTLY!
The theme is to never give up!
MOST of the time,
however,
the theme is IMPLIED!
So there's this guy see...

He was short. So they cut him from his Junior High Basketball Team. He was mad. He spent the next summer shooting over 500 shots a day. He ran all the time. His game improved. One day, he proved that coach who cut him wrong...in the hall of fame!
Theme is NOT expressed in a single word!
Never give up!
Do unto others as you would have them do unto you!
Violence is not the answer!
Don't trust strangers!
Sometimes, less is more.
Value quality over quanity.
Theme Examples
So how do I figure a theme out?
As you read, you need to look at:
what the characters SAY and DO
where the story TAKES PLACE
OBJECTS that seem important to help you determine the theme
The theme is revealed by:
the way characters CHANGE or MATURE in a story
CONFLICT and its RESOLUTION
statements made by the author, or DIALOGUE between characters
Understanding theme involves understanding:
PLOT
CHARACTERS
SETTING
Author's Purpose
to inform, tell, or teach
to entertain or amuse
to persuade or convince
Genre
Almost always NONFICTION, rarely fiction

Content
FACTS, DETAILS, statistics, dates, examples, events, quotes from EXPERTS, names of people and places

Examples
Nonfiction: Encyclopedias, TEXTBOOKS, Instruction Manuals, Cookbooks, BIOGRAPHIES, Autobiographies, Interviews, DICTIONARY
Fiction: Fables, folktales, fairy tales****

How Can You Tell?
Nonfiction: Is the author trying to improve your KNOWLEDGE about a topic?
Fiction: Is the author trying to teach you a LESSON about life while also entertaining you?
Genre
Always FICTION

Content
Literary Elements; CONFLICT, Setting, Plot, Theme, Dialogue

Examples
Short Stories, NOVELS, Plays, POETRY, Fairy Tales*, Fables*, Folktales*

How Can You Tell?
Is the author's goal for the reader to ENJOY reading the passage?
Genre
Always NONFICTION

Content
Primarily OPINIONS (for/against a topic) supported with FACTS

Examples
Editorials, Debates, ADVERTISEMENTS in magazines and newspapers

How Can You Tell?
Is the author trying to get you to do something?
Is the author trying to get you to THINK in a certain way?
TONE
/MOOD
The tone is the writer's ATTITUDE toward his/her subject.
Imagine the author standing in front of a group of people, what does he or she sound like?
Why does tone matter?
Well, say you're writing an article about this new video game you've been playing...

What kind of tone would you choose, if you've enjoyed the game?

How about if you hated it?
Now, say you were a family member of someone that was injured by a drunk driver.

What kind of tone do you think you'd choose?
What affects tone?
EXPERIENCES
OPINIONS
RHYME
SENTENCE STRUCTURE
WORD CHOICE
Mood, sometimes known as ATMOSPHERE, is the FEELING that the reader gets by reading something.
Examples of MOOD:
happy
SAD
ANGRY
scary
calm
How does an author create mood?
SETTING
character's EMOTIONS, actions, and WORDS
What is the mood for each of the following settings?
Haunted House?
Meadow in the mountains?
Beach?
City Street?
"Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout..."
http://mste.illinois.edu/courses/ci407su01/students/north/kristy/Project/K-Poem-Net.html
"Hollow"
http://lolasporch.hubpages.com/hub/Hollow-A-Somber-Poem-About-Life
"The Courage That My Mother Had"
http://www.nexuslearning.net/books/holt-eol2/Collection%202/courage.htm
"The Tell Tale Heart"
Check For Understanding
What is a literary analysis?

What does genre mean?

Identify 2 types of genre and provide an example of a book that would fit each.

The Giver would fall into what genre?
Check for Understanding
What does theme mean?

How do discover the theme of a story?


How does body language influence tone?
Author Purpose and Tone Check for Understanding:

How do you determine an authors purpose?

What was Jack London's purpose when he wrote The Call of the Wild?

What elements contribute to the tone of a piece of literature?



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