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Ancient Japanese communication
Transcript of Ancient Japanese communication
We are from Mr. Rodwell's grade seven class. Me (Ember) and Sierra, who is moving, researched on Japan's ancient communications and technology... And we found a lot of stuff! This is our Social Studies project. We need the Base Forms of their communications, the tools they used. their history, their ancient community and ways. We are ,mainly focusing on the ancient technology though. Tools History In conclusion I would like to thank you for your time and patience. We found so much interesting information and the making of this prezi was very fun! It is interesting learning about their culture and language for me and I hope you learned as much as we did. Recorded history began in approximately 400 AD, when
the Yamato clan gained control over other family groups in
the west and in central japan, after they settled in Kyoto. Contact with Korea introduced Buddhism in this time period.
Through the 700's japan was influenced by China in many
ways, such as their imperial court which resemble that of the
Chinese. Conclusion Ancient Japan Base Forms of Communication Our base communication form uses the English alphabet (26 letters) and a number system of 0-9. Though japanese alphabet is usually referred to as kana they have three alphabet systems, Hiragana and Katakana and Kanji.
Kanji is a system that borrows and/or modifies Chinese characters slightly.
Hiragana uses 48 syllables. It is a phonetic alphabet, and each alphabetic combination represents singular sounds, allowing it to be easier to wright because it can be written without remembering its pronunciation.
Katakanga is usually used as a transcription to other languages, sounds, technical and scientific terms. It is considered the simplest of the scripts because of its straight, short strokes and angular corners. There are Two Japanese number systems, Arabic and Kanji.
Kanji is usually written horizontally. When writing Kanji they used a positional system ( ie. 25 would be two ten five, 3479 is three thousand four hundred seven ten nine) Though there is a number for 10000 (man) there is not one for a million ( it would be one hundred ten thousand). Arabic numerals are usually used in horizontal writing. Chinese digits are also used in horizontal writing on occasion. Before 200 BCE japan was very sparsely populated with people still using tools made of stone, though during the Yayoi period ( 400 or 300 BC to 250 AD) began to import coins, bronze mirrors, bracelets and beads, bronze knives and swords. The Yayoi also is a very important roll in the developing the culture, social structure, religion, irrigated rice agriculture along with metalworking. Calligraphy Chinese roots in Japanese calligraphy go back to the twenty-eighth century, BC, when pictographs where inscribed on bone for a religious purpose. When calligraphy was written they used a ink-wet brush to create a line much different from a sharp stylus. Some older versions may have around 88 syllables. Kyoto Jomon: 10,000 B.C. - 8,000 B.C.Stable living patterns began to appear in Japan with the arrival of the Jomon people around 10,000 B.C. People during this period began to make open-pit fired clay vessels and decorated them with patterns made by pressing wet clay with unbraided or braided sticks and plaited cord.
The pottery found during this period suggest the Jomon people led a sedentary or at least semi-sedentary lifestyle as pottery is easily breakable and not much use to hunter gatherers who are always on the move. It is believed they were skilled fisherman who lived in caves and shallow pit dwellings.
Jomon period is typically divided into six different eras; the Incipient, Initial, Early, Middle, Late, and Final periods. The division of these eras is largely based on changes in pottery types.
Incipient Jomon: 10,000 B.C. - 8,000 B.C only archaeological evidence found for the Incipient Jomon era is pottery fragments found in the Kanto plain. Kanto is on the eastern side of the island of Honshu where Tokyo is located. It is unknown what these fragments were when complete, but it is thought they are pieces of small round bowls used for eating or possibly storing food. The Incipient Jomon pottery fragments are the oldest ceramics known, appearing more than 2,000 years before ceramics in the Mesopotamian region. Pottery making is usually found in cultures that practice agriculture. However, to date there has been no solid evidence of agricultural practices during the Incipient Jomon.
Initial Jomon: 8,000 B.C. - 5,000 B.C.
Pots were produced for cooking and boiling food. These display the characteristic patterns made by pressing shells or plaited cord on the surface of the wet clay prior to firing. The bullet-shaped pots have tapered bases, which are thought to have aided in stabilizing the vessels in the ground, usually ash or soil, at the center of a fire pit.
Early Jomon: 5,000 B.C. - 2,500 B.C.
During this period, the average global temperature was 4-6 degrees Fahrenheit higher than today's temperature. This time is believed to have been the warmest in Earth's history. During this warming period, the practice of agriculture rapidly spread around the world and humans began living a more sedentary lifestyle. It is during this period the Jomon people began living in the large villages. Simple clay figurines have been found but it is unclear what they represent.
Middle Jomon: 2,500 B.C. - 1,500 B.C.
The Jomon began migrating out of the Kanto plain into the more mountainous areas of Japan. It is also during this time the Jomon began practice simple forms of agriculture. The Dogu, or clay figurines, they were producing became much more sophisticated. It is unknown what purpose these clay figurines served, but many believe they were used as a talisman for good health or for safe childbirth. Others believe these figurines could were toys for children or even representations of aliens who visited the Jomon from outer space.
Late Jomon: 1,500 B.C. - 1,000 B.C.
The temperature became cooler and rainfall increased forcing the Jomon to migrate out of the mountainous areas and back into the coastal plains of Honshu. An increase of ritual artifacts such as figurines and stone rods are produced during this period. The Goryo, Horinouchi, and Kasori B styles of pottery are a few of the more well known from this period.
Final Jomon: 1,000 B.C. - 400 B.C.
Excavations reveal a sophisticated harpoon technology was developed during this period. Many large stone circles dating to this period are thought to have been used for ritual practices. Although there is evidence of plant cultivation, it had only a slight impact on the Jomon people's lifestyle. A large amount of female figurines discovered from this period suggests they had developed a religion involving goddess worship.