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DOSSIER OF ART

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Lucía Imbert Griñó

on 6 June 2016

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Transcript of DOSSIER OF ART

D O S S I E R O F A R T
1ST TERM
2ND TERM
3RD TERM
ROCOCO
NEOCLASSICISM
REALISM
ROMANTICISM
CHARACTERISTICS:
Rococo, which is an artistic movement and style, appeared in the 18th century affecting many different aspects.
The main characteristics are, the use of bright and soft colors, the importance of feelings, it is a burgeoisie style, official art, interior design, trivial affairs, new themes, pictorial satirist, etc.
MAIN EXAMPLES
Antoine Watteau, Embarque para Citerea
Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The swing
E- Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoniette
Mattias Gasparini, Salon Gasparini
MAIN SCHOOLS
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: The Reader
AUTHOR: Jean-Honoré Fragonard
PERIOD: Modern Era (1st half of the 18th century).
STYLE: Rococo
FUNCTION: Fragonard embodies the cultured lifestyle treasured by high society in prerevolutionary France.
DESCRIPTION: It is an oil painting, purchased by the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC . The painting features a girl wearing a yellow dress.The subject is depicted in profile, reading a small book held in her hand, sitting with her arm on a rail and her back supported by a cushion resting against a wall. Her hair is tied in a chignon , and her face and dress are lit from the front.
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: The death of Marat
AUTHOR: J. L David
PERIOD: Modern Era (1793)
STYLE: Neoclassicism
FUNCTION: The purpose was to spread the revolutionary ideas of Marat as a symbol of the French Revolution and to show David as a mortice.
DESCRIPTION: They use dark colors with stark contrasts, the brushstroke is detailed, the forms in the piece are figurative, the composition has a visual ordering, and there is perspective created with the table. There are no elements on top of the portrait so all the attention is has to be payed on the image of Marat.
Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The reader
Saint-Aubin, La Toilette
Louis-Michel Van Loo, Portrait of Louis XV.
Sir Joshua Reynolds, The Waldegrave sisters
Boucher, La Toilette
William Hogarth, Marriage à-la-mode
It is an artistic movement of the mid-18th century which was
inspired by the "classical" art and culture. Neoclassicism was born
in Rome , but it spread all over Europe. It was influenced by the enlightenment.
CHARACTERISTICS:
The main characteristics include: the recovery of antiquity, academy of art, Herculaneum and Pompeii, a depiction of dutiful patriotism, propaganda of the revolution, orientalism, and the empire style: the image of Napoleon,
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Neoclassicism in Spain:
Francisco de Goya, Charles III
Francisco de Goya, Family of Charles IV
Museum of Natural Science by Juan de Villanueva.
Botanic Garden by Juan de Villanueva
Observatory by Juan de Villanueva
Fountains of Neptune & Apolo by Ventura Rodríguez
Gate of Alcala by Francesco Sabatini
Neoclassicism in France:
Gabriel de Saint-Auibin, View of the Salon of 1765.
The Madeleine Church
LIBRARY LOUIS XVI
Louis David OATH OF THE HORATII
J. L David, The death of Marat
A.D. Ingres, THE GRAND ODALISQUE
J. L David, THE CORONATION OF NAPOLEON
J. L David, Portrait of Madamme de Recámier
Neoclassicis in Italy:
Giambattista Piranesi, Views of the Ancient Rome
Antonio Canova, The Three Graces
Giambattista Piranesi, Views of the Ancient Rome
Gabriel de Saint-Auibin, View of the Salon of 1765.
A.D. Ingres, THE GRAND ODALISQUE
J. L David, Portrait of Madamme de Recámier
Francesco Sabatini, Gate of Alcala
John FLAXMAN, Wedgwood porcelain
J. L David, The death of Marat
Ventura Rodríguez, Fountains of Neptune & Apolo
Francisco de Goya, Charles III
Juan de Villanueva, City of Science: Museum of Natural Science
THE MADELEINE CHURCH
LIBRARY LOUIS XVI (VERSAILLES)
Louis David, OATH OF THE HORATII
Antonio Canova, The Three Graces
Francisco de Goya, Family of Charles IV
Juan de Villanueva, City of science: Observatory
Juan de Villanueva, City of Science: Botanic Garden
J. L David, THE CORONATION OF NAPOLEON
The Romanticism started in France during the first half of the 19th century as a reaction against Neoclassicism
CHARACTERISTICS:
The main characteristics include: strong emotions, warm colors, dynamic scenes, heroism, dramatic landscapes and cult of the individual.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
France :
E- Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoniette
Louis-Michel Van Loo, Portrait of Louis XV.
Antoine Watteau, Embarque para Citerea
Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The swing
Boucher, La Toilette
England:
Sir Joshua Reynolds, The Waldegrave sisters.
William Hogarth, Marriage à-la-mode
Spain:
Mattias Gasparini, Salon Gasparini
Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People
Théodore Géricault, The Raft of the Medusa
Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer above the Sea of Fog
Joseph M. Willian Turner, Rain, Steam, and Speed
Francisco Madrazo, The Vilches countess
Romanticism in Spain:
Francisco Madrazo, The Vilches countess
Romanticism in England:
Joseph M. Willian Turner, Rain, Steam, and Speed
Romanticism in Germany:
Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer above the Sea of Fog
Romanticism in France:
Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People
Théodore Géricault, The Raft of the Medusa
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: Rain, Steam and Speed
AUTHOR: JMW Turne
PERIOD: 1st half of the 19th century, Modern Era
STYLE: Romanticism
FUNCTION: It addresses the new technology of the railways in Britain. This image, painted to illustrate the new rail bridges crossing the Thames, illustrates the effect of speed and steam all working within the natural environment of a rainy England.
DESCRIPTION: Soft warm and cool colors, as well as loose, rapid brushstrokes cover the entire rectangular surface, enveloping the objects in the appearance of a misty haze. On the left, an bridge moves diagonally into a misted central area of the same color variants. A larger and darker diagonal movement on the right draws our eye into the center of the composition as well

It is an artistic movement that began in France in the 1850s, after the 1848 Revolution. Realists rejected Romanticism, which had dominated French literature and art since the late 18th century
CHARACTERISTICS:
The main characteristics include: everyday life, despiction of the social inequality and satirical speech.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Daumier, The third-class wagon
Millet, The Gleaners
Millet, The Angelus
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: The Angelus
AUTHOR: Millet
PERIOD: second half of the 19th century, modern era
STYLE: Realism
FUNCTION: Millet said: "The idea for The Angelus came to me because I remembered my grandmother, hearing the church bell ringing while we were working in the fields, always made us stop work to say the Angelus prayer for the poor departed".
DESCRIPTION: Two peasants bowing in a field over a basket of potatoes to say a prayer, the Angelus, that together with the ringing of the bell from the church on the horizon marks the end of a day's work.
Realis in France:
Miller, The Angelus
Miller, The Gleaners
Daumier, The third-class wagon
GOYA: COURT PERIOD
GOYA: LATER YEARS
TECHNICAL REPORT
Name: The Parasol
Author: Francisco de Goya
Period: Modern age
Style: Neoclassicism

Function: The queen called on Goya because she wanted to decorate the dining room with cheerful scenes; The Parasol and the other tapestry paintings were Goya's response to this request.

Description: In this tappestry we can see a young women sitting, with a dog on her lap, and is accompanied by a Majo who protects her from the sun with a parasol. This bottom-to-top perspective indicates that it was intended to hang over a window. It's pyramidal composition, with the figures in the foreground, reflects the influence of classical Italian painting on Goya.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
During this period that lasted from 1771 to 1808, he was the official painter of Charles III and Charles V.
His main works were tapestries, portraits of royal family and nobility and etchings.
Francisco de Goya
The duchess of Chinchón
Francisco de Goya
No había remedio
Francisco de Goya
The family of Charles IV
Francisco de Goya,
The Parasol
Francisco de Goya
Family of duke of Osuna
Francisco de Goya
Charles III
Francisco de Goya
The sleep of reason produces monsters
Francisco de Goya: La maja desnuda
-Spain: La maja desnuda
Charles III
No había remedio
The sleep of reason produces monsters
The duchess of Chinchón
The family of Charles IV
The parasol
Family of duke of Osuna
By Francisco de Goya
During this period that lasted from 1808 to 1820, Goya was the official painter of Joseph Bonaparte and Ferdinand VII. At this time his works were mainly about the war of Independence or Engravings or Black Paintings of the “Quinta del Sordo”
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Portrait of Ferdinand VII
The Second of May
The Third of May
Y no hay remedio
No llegan a tiempo
Saturn Devouring His Son
The witches’ Sabbath or The Great He-Goat
Quinta del sordo (Moncloa)

Spain:
By Francisco de Goya
Portrait of Ferdinand VII, Goya
Y no hay remedio, Goya
2nd of May, Goya
La quinta del sordo, Goya
Saturn devouring his son, Goya
3rd of may, Goya
The witches’ Sabbath, Goya
TECHNICAL REPORT
Name: 3rd of May
Author: Francisco de Goya
Period: Modern Age
Style: Romanticism

Function: To commemorate Spanish victory over the armies of Napoleon. It carries a heavy message of liberation and one of the most instant reminders of the battle of Spain’s freedom.

Description: In the painting we can see six Napoleon soldiers pointing their rifles towards helpless Spanish rebels ready to execute them. One of them is with the hands on top, which represents God. The background seems dark and there is a source of light directed towards the rebels
IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM
ART NOUVEAU
Impressionism is an art movement that originated in the 19th century and it influenced Europe and United States.

CHARACTERISCIS:
They showed the modern society and bourgeois way of life, they were influenced in photography. For painting, they used different techniques such as the game of movement and light and dominance of color and light over line. They also used a photographic point of view, different movements and photographic framing.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
. Spain:
Francisco de Goya, La maja desnuda

.France:
Monet, Sunrise
Monet, The Luncheon the Grass
Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette
Degas, Dancing Lessons

Degas, Dancing Lessons
Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette
Monet, Sunrise
Monet, the Luncheon the Grass
Women in the garden
Olympia
TECHNICAL REPORT
Name: Sunrise
Author: Monet
Period: Modern Age
Style: Impressionism

Function: In this painting Monet wanted to transcribe the feelings initiated by a scene. This act of perception of nature was characteristic of Impressionist art and it's common in Monet's paintings.

Description: The contents of the painting show a morning in the Port of Le Havre in France. The sun is rising over the port as three ships in the foreground try to capture our attention away from the many anchored ships in the haze in the background. The blues and grays throughout the painting reflect a somber mood.
Is a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905.
Post-Impressionism emerged as a reaction against Impressionists’ concern for the naturalistic depiction of light and colour.
CHARACTERISTICS:
They used different techniques such as no perspective, free use of colors, flat colors, expressive brushstroke that gives an optical effect. They also show satirical depiction of characters and tormented feelings
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
.FRANCE:
-Cézanne, Card players
-Toulouse-Lautrec, Moulin Rouge
-Gauguin, Mata mua

.HOLLAND
-Vicent Van Gogh, Starry Night
Cézanne, Card players
Vicent Van Gogh, Starry Night
Gaugin, Muata mua
Toulouse-Lautrec, Moulin Rouge
Van Gogh, Self Portrait
TECHNICAL REPORT
Name: Mata Mua
Author: Paul Gauguin
Period: Modern Age
Style: Post Impressionism

Description: We can see a landscape surrounded by mountains and several women worshiping Hina. First, we can see a woman playing the flute . On the left, separated by a large tree trunk we can see a second group dancing around the goddess.

Function: Gauguin made this painting with the purpose of seeking artistic inspiration in primitive people , developed outside of western civilization .
It was a movement that originated in Europe between 1890 and 1810. It took advantage of technology and industry available at that time. As it moved through Europe, Art Nouveau wetn through several phases
CHARACTERISTICS
Architectures: Curved lines and floral shapes, organic and rationalist.
Painting: Expressive line, twisted body shapes, ornate background.
Sculptures: organic forms, curve lines decorative patterns, use of new materials and techniques.
MAIN SCHOOLS
-PAINTINGS:
.Austria: The kiss, Schiele
-SCULPTURE:
.Belgium: Stairs of Tassel house
.Czech Republic: Alphonse Mucha
-ARCHITECTURE:
.England: Mackintosh school
.Spain: Gaudi
The Palace of Longoria
La Sagrada Familia, Gaudi
Stairs of Tassel House
klimt, The kiss
Alphonse Mucha
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: The kiss
AUTHOR: Gustav Klimt
PERIOD: Modern age
STYLE: Art nouveau.

FUNCTION: The Kiss explains that non-dualism means human beings are a part of nature, not separate or against it.

DESCRIPTION: Klimt shows the couple locked in privacy, while the rest of the paint is dissolved in a bright background extravagant pattern.
Monet, rouan cathedral
The palace of Longoria
Death and the Maiden, Egon Schiele
MAIN EXAMPLES
Koloman Moser,
13th exhibition of the Secession
Gaudi House
Mackintosh school
FAUVISM AND CUBISM
SURREALISM AND DADAISM
ABSTRACT ART
Miró was a surrealist painter born in Barcelona in 1893. However, he spent the end of his life in Palma, Mallorca.
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: Snail, Woman, Flower and Star
AUTHOR: Joan Miro
PERIOD: Contemporary Age
STYLE: Surrealism
FUNCTION:This work reflects the feeling of anxiety due to the dramatic situation that Europe was going through .
DESCRIPTION: This painting combines Miró's characteristic graphics with a series of coloured patches. The figures are all part of a process of imminent metamorphosis, yet their deformed limbs are in contrast to the poetry of the written words introduced into the picture , which give the painting its name.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Poema, Joan Miro
La masía en Montroig
Mujer, flor, caracol y estrella
Mujer, Pájaro y Estrella
Spain:
Mujer, Pájaro y Estrella
Mujer, flor, caracol y estrella
La masía en Mntroig
Poema
By
Joan Miro
CHARACTERISTICS

Miró's works are identified instantly for his unique style, his shiny colors and his shapes.
Picasso was born in Malaga in 1881 and died in 1973. He spent most of his adult life in France
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Spain:
Guernica
Still Life with Chair Caning
The Ladies of Avignon
By
Pablo Picasso
CHARACTERISTICS

His style goes through many different periods such as Blue Period, Red Period, Cubism,
Surrealism and many more.
Salvador Dali was a surrealist painter born in Figueres, Cataluña in 1904.
He died in 1948.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Spain:
Girl in the window
Endless enigma
The Simpsons version of The Persistence of Memory
The Great Masturbator
By
Salvador Dali
CHARACTERISTICS
His lover, Gala, is featured in
many of his paintings, she is his muse. He is eccentric and imaginative.

PICASSO, MIRÓ AND DALI
Girl in the window
The Great Masturbator
Endless enigma
Guernica
The Ladies of Avignon
Still Life with Chair Caning
F A U V I S M
Fauvism is the style of les Fauves , a loose group of Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism. It started between 1900 and 1910
CHARACTERISTICS
C U B I S M
Break the traditional use of color, simplification and abstraction.
MAIN SHOOLS
MAIN EXAMPLES
Henri Matisse The green line
Henri Matisse The dance
France:
Henri Matisse: -> The dance
-> The green line
Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. It is considered the most influential art movement of the time.
CHARACTERISTICS


It is abstract, with geometrical shapes. It uses real material, a collage and shows an object from different perspectives.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Julio González, Woman Combing Her Hair
Georges Braque The Portuguese
Picasso Still Life with Chair-Caning
Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
SPAIN:
Pablo Picasso: -Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
-Still Life with Chair-Caning
Julio González: -Woman Combing Her Hair
FRANCE:
Georges Braque: -The Portuguese
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: The Portuguese
AUTHOR: Georges Braque
PERIOD: Contemporary Age
STYLE: Cubism
FUNCTION: Braque carried his analysis so far viewers must work diligently to discover clues to the subject
DESCRIPTION: In this painting the background is mixed with the figure, which is musician with his instrument. He uses brown tones and he includes letters and numbers to increase the complexity in his work.
S U R R E A I S M
D A D A I S M
Surrealism was a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings
"Liberate the mind”to free the art, The reality of the unconscious.
CHARACTERISTICS
MAN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Salvador Dali The Persistence of Memory
Joan Miró Ciphers and Constellations in Love with a Woman
First Papers of Surrealism Exhibition, New York
André Breton
Performing Far-Sighted Manifesto
Salvador Dali and Louis Buñuel, Un Chien Andalou
René Magritte The Treachery of Images
FRANCE:
André Breton: Performing Far-Sighted Manifesto
USA, NEW YORK:
First Papers of Surrealism Exhibition
SPAIN:
Joan Miró: Ciphers and Constellations in Love with a Woman
Salvador Dali: The Persistence of Memory
Salvador Dali and Louis Buñuel: Un Chien Andalou
BELGUIM:
René Magritte: The Treachery of Images
Dadaism is a cultural , artistic movement that emerged in 1916 in the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich . It was proposed by Hugo Ball , writer of The First Dadaist texts.
CHARACTERISTICS
Reaction against the WW1, the art is ugly, acid and cynical sense of humor, anti-aesthetic, appropriation.
MAIN EXAMPLES
MAIN SCHOOLS
Marcel Duchamp Fountain
Francis Picabia Amorous Procession
Marcel Duchamp L.H.O.O.Q
Marcel Duchamp Fountain
First International Dada Art Fair
Tristan Tzara Dada manifiesto sobre el amor débil y el amor amargo
FRANCE
Marcel Duchamp Fountain
Marcel Duchamp: L.H.O.O.Q.
Francis Picabia: Amorous Procession
Man Ray: The Gift
BERLIN
First International Dada Art Fair
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: Ciphers and Constellations in Love
with a Woman
AUTHOR: Joan Miró
PERIOD: Contemporary Age
STYLE: Surrealism
FUNCTION: Miró tries to delve into the human subconscious and offers us his particular vision of reality full of symbols and colors. The view of the starry sky transforms his desire to escape the hard reality.
DESCRIPTION: In this painting we can see constellations and ciphers which are in love with a women. He creates a collage with basic colors such as black, white, red blue, green, etc.
Abstract art uses a visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.
CHARACTERISTICS
Definitive break up with tradition, absence of subjects and figures, emphasis on harmony and symmetry, reality based on lines and colors, sprematism.
MAIN SCHOOLS
MAIN SCHOOLS
Vasily Kandinsky Composition VIII
Kandinsky Painting with three spots
Piet Mondrian Broadway Boogie Woogie
Malevich Black square on white
Kasimir Malevich The Last Futurist Exhibition of Pictures
Mondrian New York, New York
RUSIA
Kadinsky. painting with three spots.
Kadinsky, Composition VII
Malevich, Black square on white.
NETHERLANDS:
Mondrian, New York, New York.
Mondrian, Broadway boogie woodie
TECHNICAL REPORT
NAME: Black square on white
AUTHOR: Malevich
STYLE: Abstract Art
PERIOD: Contemporary Age
FUNCTION: Malevich wanted o create a series of paintings without objects, and this one is an example.
DESCRIPTION: It is a white square which contains a black one inside.
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