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Equatorial Guinea

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by

Anna Crosby

on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of Equatorial Guinea


Settled on the island of Bioko
Once the majority group in the region, the population experienced a sharp decline due to disease and outright killing sprees during Portuguese expeditions.
Seventy-five percent perished due to tribal/clan rooted political genocide during a civil war that led to Spanish Guinea's independence from Spain.
Most Bubi people that remain on Bioko Island, as well as those native to Gabon, speak the Bube language.

Bubi
the most prevalent and warlike of these tribes
Predominated all other tribes
In Equatorial Guinea the Fang have been the politically dominant group since independence, not only in Rio Muni on the mainland but also on the island of Bioko where they are a minority.

Fang
An African ethnic group, members of the Bantu group, who are indigenous to Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
Their indigenous language is Benga.
Referred to as “Beach People”

Benga
The Portuguese explorer, Fernão do Pó, seeking a route to India, is credited with having discovered the island of Bioko in 1471.
The Portuguese arrived in the fifteenth century and named the island Fernando Po. This was part of other Portuguese holdings in the Gulf of Guinea, including São Tomé and Príncipe.
Portuguese retained control until 1778, when the island, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the mainland between the Niger and Ogooué Rivers were ceded to Spain in exchange for territory in South America.

Portuagal's Rule
From 1827 to 1843, Britain established a base on the island to combat the slave trade. The mainland portion, Río Muni, became a protectorate in 1885 and a colony in 1900.
Conflicting claims to the mainland were settled in 1900 by the Treaty of Paris, and periodically, the mainland territories were united administratively under Spanish rule.
Between 1926 and 1959 they were united as the colony of Spanish Guinea.

Equatorial Guinea British-Spanish
In 1959, the Spanish territory of the Gulf of Guinea was established with status similar to the provinces of metropolitan Spain.
At the beginning of the Spanish Civil War the colony remained loyal to the Republican government.

Spanish Rule
Spain developed large cacao plantations for which thousands of Nigerian workers were imported as laborers.
The greatest constraint to economic development was a chronic shortage of labour. The indigenous Bubi population of Bioko, pushed into the interior of the island and decimated by alcoholic addiction, venereal disease, smallpox and sleeping- sickness, refused to work on plantations.

Autonomous region of Equatorial Guinea
Independence was conceded on 12 October 1968 and became the Republic of Equatorial Guinea with Francisco Macías Nguema elected as president.

Independence
Geography
Clima: Equatorial Guinea has a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. From June to August, Rio Muni is dry and Bioko wet; from December to February, the reverse occurs.
Ciudads: Bata, Malabo, Ebebiyn, Aconibe, Anisoc, Luba, Evinayong, Mongomo, Mengomeyen, and Micomeseng
Geography Cont.
It is a republic
They have a president, Teodoro Obiang, who took over through military force in 1979.
Current Prime Minister is Vincente Ehate.
They are elected every 7 years.
Government
Politics
Exports: Cocoa, timber, oil, and gas.

Imports: Machinery, iron and steep products, Electrical machinery, chemical products, and Furniture.
Economy
Spanish is the official language
French is the second official language.
nearly all the ethnic groups speak the lanuage Bantu.
Languages
The majortiy of the people originate from the Bantu.
The largest group now is Fang.
Other groups: Bubi, Niefang, Cobes, Ndowe, Bujebas, Balegues, and Bengas.
Ethnic Groups
Eric Moussambani Malonga (born May 31, 1978) is a swimmer from Equatorial Guinea. Nicknamed "Eric the Eel" by the media after the name first appeared in an article by Craig Lord in The Times newspaper in London, Moussambani won brief international fame at the 2000 Summer Olympics when he swam his heat of the 100 m freestyle in 1:52.72 and won due to the disqualification of his competitors.[1] His time was more than twice that of his faster competitors, and outside even the 200 m world record. However, he set a new personal best and Equatoguinean national record.[2]
Famous People
The main foods are cassava root, bananas, rice and yams. People supplement their diets with fishing and hunting.
Palm wine and Malamba(alcoholic drinks made from sugarcane). are very popular.
Chicken and duck are used for special occasions
Food
There aren't really any stereotypes on the people of Equatorial Guinea.
Stereotypes
Although his rule was at first considered more humane than that of his uncle, it has, by most accounts, become increasingly more brutal. Most domestic and international observers consider his regime to be one of the most corrupt, ethnocentric, oppressive and undemocratic states in the world.
Abuses under Obiang have included "unlawful killings by security forces; government-sanctioned kidnappings; systematic torture of prisoners and detainees by security forces; life threatening conditions in prisons and detention facilities; impunity; arbitrary arrest, detention, and incommunicado detention."



Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Francisco Macias Nguema was the first President of Equatorial Guinea, from 1968 until his overthrow in 1979.
During his presidency, his country was nicknamed "the Dachau of Africa”. More than a third of Equatorial Guinea's population fled to other countries to escape his brutal reign. He was known to order entire families and villages executed.
During Macías Nguema's regime, the country had neither a development plan nor an accounting system for government funds. After killing the governor of the Central Bank, he carried everything that remained in the national treasury to his house in a rural village.
On 3 August 1979 he was overthrown by Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, who was previously the military governor of Bioko and Vice-Minister of the Armed Forces, as well as Macías Nguema's nephew

Macias dictatorship
Costa: Boarded by the Atlantic Atlantic. There are many mangrove and tropical forests that are along the coast.

Montanas: Mount Cameroon and Dioko montane forests. On the higher elevations there are 2 volcanic peaks.



Democratic Party
Convergence fro Democracy
movement of the self-determination
Progressive Democratic Alliance
National Democratic Union
Progressive Party
Colonies
This 'provincial' phase saw the beginnings of nationalism, but chiefly among small groups who had taken refuge from the Caudillo's paternal hand in Cameroon and Gabon.
Their pressures were weak, but the general trend in West Africa was not.
A decision of 9 August 1963, approved by a referendum of 15 December 1963, introduced the territory to a measure of autonomy and the administrative promotion of a 'moderate' grouping, the Movimiento de Unión Nacional de la Guinea Ecuatorial (MUNGE).
This proved a feeble instrument, and, with growing pressure for change from the UN, Madrid gave way to the currents of nationalism.
By: Kimberly, Anna, & Noelle
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