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Politics - Single Tranferable Vote

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by

Grace Parsons

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Politics - Single Tranferable Vote

Single Transferable Vote WHERE IS IT USED?! The Single Transferable Vote System is used in The Northern Ireland assembly. Local government in Scotland and the European Parliament. Single Transferable vote is 'preference' voting. The electorate place a '1' by the most preferred candidate then a '2' next to the second most preferred candidate and so on. This is called 'Ordinal Voting'. They can also vote for as many or as few candidates as they like. What is STV? A candidate from each constituency must achieve a quota known a droop quota to be elected. The Quota is calculated as followed - [total valid poll/(seats+1)]+1
Any votes in excess of this quota are redistributed on the basis of their second preference

If a candidate does not reach the droop quota on the first preference the placed candidate is eliminated and the electorate second preference is transferred How Does It Work? First, the quota is calculated. Using the Droop quota, with 20 voters and 3 winners. When ballots are counted the election proceeds as follows: Positives Gives voters more choice than any other system and puts more power in the hands of the voters
Fewer votes are 'wasted' - Voter apathy. This means that most voters can identity a representative that they personally helped to elect.
Multi-member constituency meaning there is a better balance of of candidates maximizing the preference that would go to their sponsored candidates. this helps with advancement of women and ethnic-minority candidates.
Competition is generally a good thing and competition to provide a good service to constituents is no different.
Parliament is more likely to be both reflective of a nation's views and more responsive to them.
There is no need for tactical voting.
Negatives In low populated areas STV could lead to massive constituencies
The process of counting votes takes longer under STV meaning results cannot usually be declared the same night as the vote took place.
A voting system that allows voters to rank candidates is prone to so-called 'Donkey voting', where voters vote for candidates in the order they appear on the ballot.
In large multi-member constituencies, ballot papers can get rather big and confusing.
Result: The winners are Chocolate, Oranges and Strawberries. Suppose a food election is conducted to determine what to serve at a party. There are 5 candidates, 3 of which will be chosen. The candidates are: Oranges, Pears, Chocolate, Strawberries, and Sweets. The 20 guests at the party have their ballots marked according to the table below
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