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Canada's Top 10 Historical Events

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Erica Li

on 5 June 2013

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Transcript of Canada's Top 10 Historical Events

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Images from Shutterstock.com Women’s Right to vote in Canada

Within Canada all women didn’t have the right to vote until the 1960’s when all the provinces in Canada allowed women the right to vote and hold office in Canada’s government. After many years of fighting for the right to vote, finally all women who were above the age of 18 and regardless of race were allowed to vote. At the time many women in Canada were in a growing middle class that had education, earned money, and contributed to organizations. They felt like a second class citizen which was a title that was unacceptable to many of them. When all the women in Canada gained the right to vote, it contributed to the identity of many Canadians. It showed how Canadians value the rights of the citizens and saw that everybody was equal. The right to vote showed that Canadian women were finally equal to men. Canada's Top 10
Historical Events By: Erica Li & Vivian Luong First Nations Apology June 2008

The First nations are a big part of Canada’s history, and the way they were treated in the past is well known throughout Canada. The experiences of residential schools and unfair treatment for years in Canadian history resulted in approximately 150000 First Nations losing their cultures, traditions, and identity. The apology towards the First Nations from Prime Minister Stephen Harper is a very important event in history because the apology showed the country admitting something they’ve done wrong in the past. It is also an important date for many of the aboriginal victims who were involved because they make up much of Canada’s history and it was a date when the government finally admitted the wrong of assimilating the First Nations and how it resulted in long lasting damages of First Nations, the Prime Minister also gave compensation to the victims of the residential schools. The Battle of the Vimy Ridge April 9-12 1917
The Battle of the Vimy Ridge was when Canadian troops were ordered to seize Vimy Ridge something that no other troop could do. After years of being supported by Britain and under the shadows of it the battle of the Vimy ridge was something that showed Canadian independence, greatness, and sovereignty. Through lots of planning and training the Canadian troops proved their capability at the Vimy Ridge when they attacked the Defenders, and seized Vimy Ridge the incredible bravery and more than 10000 were killed and wounded. The battle showed the birth of a new nation when all four Canadian divisions attacked as one country as a whole. http://www.canadian-healthcare.org/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_Act,_1867 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada_Day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Official_bilingualism_in_Canada#Language_policies_of_Canada.27s_provinces_and_territories https://www.historica-dominion.ca/content/heritage-minutes/baldwin-lafontaine
Canadian Health Care
The adoption of the “Canada Health Act” in 1984 started the publicly funded health care insurance that would insure extended health care services to all of Canadian citizens. It allowed people to restore physical and mental well-being without financial barriers. This is an important day in Canadian history because the start of free health care symbolized the importance of equity and solidarity to Canadians. It showed that Canadians value the health of citizens before anything else and that everyone is treated equally, no matter what their medical history, income or standard of living is. The healthcare system has saved many Canadians and is valued by many people that see it as something they are proud of and it also makes up a big part of the country’s identity. Terry Fox
Terry Fox who ran for cancer is a big symbol of Canada he symbolizes hope and courage and inspires Canadians. He ran for cancer in 1980, 5373km for 143 days the run later cost his life. Terry Fox is a great symbol of Canada because the terry fox run united many parts of Canada together to fund for cancer. Because of his influence many people have contributed to the research of cancer. He began the Marathon of Hope in 1980 and passed away while doing it, he shows the power of the nation and how powerful Canadians can be at influencing the world in doing things that inspire them. Even if three decades have past he still inspires people throughout the country to help those who are in need. Terry Fox makes Canadians proud to be Canadians. Within about seventy-five years from now many things would have certainly changed like: technology, people, society, etc. Chances are, many more important historical events would have happened over the time period of seventy-five years and most likely change Canadian identity. Though events that shape Canada in the present will later become things that happened a century ago they still once shaped the identity of Canada and the people who live there. They may not be things that have a huge impact but they will surely create inevitable influence to Canadians. As mentioned before, as time goes on, everything will become more advanced and by the rate of everyone depending on the technology today, the way the media represents Canada can also effect out national identity negatively and positively. Confederation Day
July 1st, 1867 This event is an important part of Canadian history because it was an official celebration of Canada as a sovereign nation. The British North America Act was renamed as the Constitution Act as we know of today. The act created a federal dominion that was the foundation of our government. The Dominion of Canada was a union between North American provinces, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Executive power remained with the Crown; where a governor general or an administrator of the government would represent it. Every province was to have a lieutenant governor that was obligated to swear allegiance to the governor general or administrator of the government. The Parliament of Canada consists of the crown, the House of Commons, and the senate. Because Canada was a British colony, many citizens saw themselves as British and not as Canadians. Therefore this celebration was not embraced until the early 20th century. This event is important because it was the official beginning of the country Canada, where it’s government, the Canadian Chart of Rights and Freedoms, and the country’s name was made. Did you know that Ontario and Quebec was once distinguished as Canada West and Canada East? Official Bilingualism Canada had many conflicts in the past between the Francophone and Anglophone speakers. When the French settlers came in 1608, there was a language barrier and this caused a lot of issues due to racism and communication complications especially in the French speaking provinces of Canada where they are the minority. In the Constitution Act, it states that English and French can be used in the Parliament of Canada and during the process of court. All parliament services must be provided in both languages and all acts must be printed in both English and French as well. The Constitution Act also states that as long as at least one parent or sibling was educated in either English or French, they may receive free public education in which ever language they have a family connection to, or if their mother tongue is either French of English. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms states that there will be public funding given towards education for the minority language. For example, having English schools in Quebec, and French schools everywhere else where French is the minority language. All signs must have both official languages as well as the packaging on products. This event is important because it is the official languages of Canada and it is important to know how it became and the information behind it and how it also bonded the two conflicting languages in our country. It is also important to know how our citizens reacted towards it as well. Did you know that New Brunswick is an official bilingual province, while Quebec is unilingual? Baldwin & LaFontaine Back in the 19th century, although Canada was democratic, it was unfair because the government was ruled by elites instead of all the citizens. Because of this, hatred grew towards the elites and rebellions began to break out from Upper and Lower Canada. Baldwin and LaFountaine managed to convince the British government that legislative power should be in the hands of the elected assembly of the colony. LaFountaine joined the election but the elites blocked LaFountaine’s supporters from voting for him. Baldwin encouraged LaFountaine to take his place and campaign in the seats he had won. Because of this, LaFountaine was able to win based on having the majority of the votes. This event was important because it showed that both English and French Canadians can cooperate to solve their political issues. Battle of the Plains of Abraham The Battle of the Plains of Abraham was a part of the 7 year war. On September 1759, the British attacked the French Army right outside of Quebec City. The battle lasted for around 15 minutes. Although the battle did not involve that much troops, it still greatly influenced creation of Canada later on. Both parties were close to winning the battle, but the British won. Once the British had seized Quebec, the British took almost all possessions of the French. Even though British had already took over Quebec, the French forces continued to fight in hopes of gaining control of Quebec once again. On July 9th ,1793 the Lieutenant Governor of the colony, John Graves Simcoe was against slavery and had introduced the Act against Slavery. Using his membership of Parliament, he had expressed his belief that slavery was an offence against Christianity. This act was created to prevent slavery by enslaving slaves until their death, and no more slaves should be brought to Upper Canada. If a child were born from a female slave they would be freed at the age of 25. Although this act did not exactly abolish slavery, it was the first act created in hopes of getting rid slavery. This event was important because it was one of the first steps that was token to extinguishing slavery. Act Against Slavery http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Act_Against_Slavery http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_Act,_1867 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada_Day 75 years from now... Reference Thankyou for watching
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