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Transcript of India
Middle class Indians living in the city (50-75 mil. people) regard caste system as non-existent.
Villagers still regard caste system as important part of Indian society. Dictates marriage, birth and death rituals, & jobs.
Discrimination based upon caste has been illegal in India for more than six decades (60 years).
Despite castes being illegal, modern India is a hierarchical society based upon religion, wealth & power, gender (women are ranked below men), and age (older ranked above younger).
The modern state of India is currently 34 years old.
Roughly 80% of the population in India are Hindus
About 20% of the population live in cities, and rural India has 600,000 villages that contains the rest of the population
After India's Independence the remodeling of India began and created two architecture schools: the Revivalists and Modernists
Modern India also made modern genres of music consisting of: remixes, fusions, film music, and indie pop
Common festivals and holidays are Diwali, Holi, Onam, Durga Puja. Modern India also celebrates Christmas
There is 1,600 languages and dialects, the Indian language is extremely diverse.
- The Priests
- The Warriors
-The Merchants and Land Owners
- The Commoners, Peasants, and Servants
5) Outcast - Out of Caste
- Street Sweepers and Tatrine Cleaners
The caste system in urban areas is very flexible
1. What does "Jati" mean?
2. What is the main religion in India?
3. Where can we see caste discrimination in India today?
4. What influences the hierarchy and ranking in India?
5. Which of the parts of an Indian wedding ceremony is most important?
Even though the discrimination among castes is illegal it can still be seen today through:
- Intercaste marriages
- Indians caring about the caste of their politicians
- Indians in higher castes feeling better because they have a better education
-The Indus Valley Civilization (3300-1300BC) was first major civilization in India
-Aryans migrated into India and brought influential ideas and beliefs of Vedic Age
-The people lived simple lives, worked with metal, developed their own form of writing
-Between 2000 and 1500 BC, Aryan people migrated into the Indus Valley Civilizations
-Dominated the social structure of the the indigenous people.
Traditions of Ancient Indian Weddings
-The start of the Wedding Alliance
-groom and his family placed in high regard
-Ceremony attended by male members of both families
-Father of groom and his close male friends go to groom's house
-Father of bride applies Tilak on groom's forehead
Ancient Indian Weddings: (Cont)
-Also known as the Sagai Ceremony, or ring Ceremony
-Brief Ritual where Couple Exchanges Rings
-Followed by exchange of gifts within families
Indian Wedding Traditions (cont.)
All about Dance, Music, and Festivities
Organized by the Bride's Family
Ceremony Exclusive to Women Only
A time of Reminiscing past and youth of Bride
Traditional Indian Values
-Indifference to Ownership
-Moderation in Speech
Parts of Wedding Ceremony
Kanyadaan: the giving away of the daughter by the father
Panigrahana: a ritual in presence of life where the groom take's the bride's hand in sign of unity
Saptapadi: most important ritual and part of the wedding, has seven steps.
1) Groom and bride's vow to nourish e/o with food, 2) Groom and bride's vow to keep a strong and healthy home, 3) Groom and bride's vow to manage wealth, 4) Vow to trust bride's choices with household, 5) Vow to protect cattle and agriculture, 6) Groom and bride's vow to have a family together and cherish eachother, 7) Final vow to make bride and groom husband & wife