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A Doll's House
Transcript of A Doll's House
Henrik Ibsen Some of the many literary elements that were used in this play were
Symbolism-giving objects or actions complex meaning
Dramatic Irony-irony that is inherent in speech or situation
Deception -to not be what something seems to be Literary Elements There are about 4 main symbols used in the play.
The first is Nora Helmer, "The Doll". Torvald treats her as a plaything that is uncapable of making decisions. Nora stood for the role of women of society in the time the play takes place.
The second is the setting of the play, taking place during the Christmas and New Year time. These times both stand for rebirth/renewal, of which several characters go through. Symbolism The Third is the Christmas tree. One theory is that the tree stood to represent Nora's psychological state. The tree is put together at the beginning of the play, but by Act II, "The tree is stripped of its ornaments with burnt down candles on its somewhat tattered branches"- stage directions. As the truth begins to unravel, Nora's mental state begins to break down.
The last is the house itself. The play's physical setting is limited to the living room of the house. The house represents the limitations that restrict Nora's growth as a women. The irony in the play arises when Torvald plans to fire Krogstad.
Nora owes money to Krogstad since he lent her money for a trip that saved Torvald's life.
Krogstad knows that Nora forged a signature, which is a serious crime, and threatens to tell Torvald.
And, Torvald already gave the job to Mrs. Linde. Dramatic Irony
Henrik Ibsen used the element of deception to misguide the reader about the characters. It seems that each character seemed to be one way but later turned out to be completely different.
The example of Torvald fits with this. Torvald seemed to be a little demanding at first, but kind, caring, and fatherly. Later in the play he is exposed as being selfish and hypocritical.
Almost every character had a "mask" that was removed by the end of the play. As Nora's lies come to an end, so does every other lie in her world. Ibsen was born on March 20th, 1828 in Skien, Norway to a wealthy family.
Many of Ibsen's works reflect incest because his parents grew up together and were considered sister and brother. Ibsen's paternal step-grandfather was his maternal grandmother's brother.
When Ibsen was seven his father's finances took a turn for the worse.
His father's troubles influenced his later writings. Henrik Ibsen's Childhood Ibsen's Early Career At the age of fifteen Ibsen was forced to leave school, he moved to a small town, Grimstad and became an apprentice to a pharmacist and began writing plays.
At the age of eighteen Ibsen became the father of an illegitimate son whom he financially supported until the child was in his teens. He never met the boy.
At this point, he had written two plays, both largely unsuccessful. Ibsen spent the next few years as a writer, director, and producer in a theater in Bergen.
He took part in 145 plays in the theater.
During this time he published five new, unremarkable plays. Even though he was not successful as a playwright, he continued to write.
In 1858 he moved to Christiana where he became the creative director of Christiana Theater.
On June 18, 1858 Ibsen married Suzannah Thoresen and she gave birth to their only child. Ibsen's Early Writing Career In 1864, Henrik Ibsen moved to Sorrento, Italy where his career took off.
During his time in Italy he wrote three plays that made him well-known, but controversial.
Ibsen later moved to Dresden, Germany in 1868 where he spent his years writing "Emperor and Galilean."
In 1875 Henrik moved to Munich and published "A Doll's House" in 1879.
5 plays followed "A Doll's House". After his return to Oslo Ibsen suffered a series of strokes in March of 1900.
On May 22, 1906 his nurse told a visitor of his increasingly better health, to which he spoke his last words, "On the contrary."
He died on May 23, 1906. Henrik Ibsen's Death Ibsen's Later Career In most of Ibsens works, he had more than one controlling theme.
A Doll's House, in particular, is best known for three themes.
The "Life Lie" Major Themes Ibsen explores the methodology many have, especially today, that material goods have a greater importance in ones life, than the people they are surrounded by.
Torvald particularly has such beliefs. His personal sense of manhood depends on his financial independence. Materialism Henrik Ibsen focuses greatly on the society assigned "gender roles."
Torvald has a narrow mind towards a woman's capabilities, such as Nora's role as a mother.
Also, Nora's relationship with her father inspires the title of "A Dolls House," as she is treated as a mere doll, a puppet, to be twisted into what her father needed.
Lastly, Ibsen challenges these roles. He places Nora, and her father on almost equal pedestals
when everyone thinks he paid for the trip to Italy, and it was Nora, in reality. Gender Are you really "living," if you live your life in a delusional world as Nora did?
Ibsen brings up the fact that many people in society like to fabricate elements of their lives, and neglect other responsibilities, if they seem like "Too much work."
Nora was not willing to put up with her children all the time, so she had them around when she could, but once she got "bored" of them, she sent them away.
Also, at the conclusion, when Nora leaves her husband, and kids, and Nora truly shows herself as an individual, is it truly going to be the happy ending she wanted? It is more likely the end of her happiness, as she is simply continuing this foolish, idealistic life lie. The "Life-Lie" CAN YOU REMEMBER THE FOUR MAIN CHARACTERS FROM THE PLAY "A DOLLS HOUSE?" LITERATURE CHECK... NORA
KROGSTAD LITERATURE CHECK... CAN YOU RECALL AT LEAST ONE SYMBOL FROM THE STORY? LITERATURE CHECK... NORA, THE DOLL
THE TIME OF YEAR, CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEARS
THE CHRISTMAS TREE
THE HOUSE ITSELF LITERATURE CHECK...