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The Victorians

For use in primary school training

Victoria Tatler

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of The Victorians

Era 1837 William IV dies and his niece
Victoria becomes Queen 1840's 1840 Penny post begins.
The penny black was the 1st stamp in the world 1841 First railway
excursion organised
by Thomas Cook 1840 Queen Victoria and
Prince Albert are married 1841 Isambard Kingdom Brunel,
a top British engineer, completes
the London to Bristol Railway which
includes many famous railway bridges 1843
Charles Dickens publishes
‘A Christmas Carol’ 1847
The forth ‘Factory Act’ makes it
illegal for children to work more
than 63 hours a week in factories 1850's 1850 The first
were built 1854
The Crimean War began, with Britain, France and Sardinia
(now know as Italy) fighting the Russians over who had
control of the Christian Holy Land. (Palestine & Israel) 1854
Florence Nightingale becomes
famous for her nursing during the
Crimean War. She later trains many
new nurses and improves the standard
of care worldwide 1852-1860
A cholera pandemic causes
thousands to die in London.
People call for clean water
and sewage systems 1860's 1861
Prince Albert died
from typhoid, aged 42 1864
An Act of Parliament stops
children being used as
chimney sweeps 1867
Dr Barnardo opens his first home for
homeless children. He later went on to help
thousands of unfortunate children by giving
them food, shelter and a basic education. 1870's 1870
The Education Act makes schooling
available for children aged 5-12. 1876
Scottish scientist,
Alexander Graham Bell,
invents the telephone 1878
Joseph Wilson-Swan and
Thomas Edison invent
the light bulb 1880's 1887
Emile Berliner creates the
first music system, the gramophone.
They were popular until the 1970s when
tapes and in the 1980s, CD were introduced. 1883
The first electric trains come into use in
Brighton, although it took nearly 20 years
before they started to replace steam trains. 1888 The Football League began. Preston North End win the league without losing a game and the FA Cup without conceding a goal. The team are given the nickname ‘The Invincibles’ 1890's 1891
Education is made compulsory and
is free for all children. A factory act
is passed which outlaws child labour
until the age of 11 1896
The speed limit for horseless carriages
is raised from 4mph to 14mph to reflect
the increase in the number of cars. 1897
Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.
Celebrations mark 60 years
on the throne 1901 1901:
The end of the Victorian era Queen Victoria dies and her son, Edward, becomes
King Edward VII. She became the longest serving
monarch after 63 years, 7 months and 2 days as Queen
Full transcript