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The Great War
Transcript of The Great War
In 1914 the British Empire was at the height of its power and global influence. At its heart lay the United Kingdom, an industrial and financial juggernaut whose engineers and businessmen had been at the forefront of the industrial revolution for more than a century.
The British Empire
- British Empire
- Russian Empire
- Second French colonial empire
- German empire
A significant cause of European tension prior to World War I was continued instability and conflict in the Balkans. The name itself referred to a large peninsula sandwiched between four seas: the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, the Adriatic and the Aegean. On this land mass was a cluster of nations and provinces, including Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Bosnia. The importance of the Balkan peninsula lay in its geographic location. Situated at the crossroads of three major empires – Ottoman, Russian and Austro-Hungarian – and with access to several important waterways, the Balkans were strategically vital. Because of this, the area had for centuries been a gateway between East and West, an area of cultural and mercantile exchange, and a melting pot of ethnicities and people.
The Balkan States
In 1912 several Balkan nations, incited by Russia, signed a series of military alliances that formed the so-called Balkan League. The agenda of this coalition was to wage war on the Ottomans and drive them out of eastern Europe entirely. The League declared war in October 1912 and despite the looseness of their alliance, the Balkan states emerged victorious after just eight months of fighting.
Balkan States continued . . .
The 5 Great Empires
At the beginning of the 20th century the British Empire covered more than 11,400,000 square miles of territory. This made it the largest empire the world had ever known. The foundations for the empire were laid between 1750 and 1850 during which Britain acquired India, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Rhodesia, Hong Kong, Gibraltar, several islands in the West Indies and various colonies on the African coast. The late 19th century saw the acquisition of new territories in Africa and by 1900 the British king, Edward VII, reigned over 410,000 million people.
The results of the World War 1 may be summed up as follows:
First, the World War I ended up with the defeat of the Central Powers under the leadership of Germany.
Second, the World War I also saw the collapse of four Empires-German, Austrian, Turkish and Russian.
Third, the World War I paved the way for the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
Fourth, Russia withdrew from the War by signing the Treaty of Breast-Litovsk by which she had to accept harsh terms dictated by Germany.
Fifth, another important result of the World War I was the triumph of democracy in Europe. Democratic governments were established in different countries of Europe.
Sixth, as a result of the World War I the trade-union movement started in different countries at a large scale. The labour became actively conscious about their rights.