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Atacama desert

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by

Daniela Casas

on 14 November 2013

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Transcript of Atacama desert

* The extreme temperatures of this desert make it hard for plants to survive, therefore there is little vegetation.
Atacama Desert Geography
Atacama Desert
By Siriveena Nandam and Daniela Casas
Animals of the Atacama Desert
Chilean Woodstar
llama flamingo Chilean Woodstar* The extreme temperatures of this desert make it hard for animals to survive, therefore there is are few animals.
Lives in shrubs/thickets along the river valley Smallest bird in ChileThey're an endangered species because of their loss of habitat.
Flamingo
The flamingos that are indigenous to the Atacama Desert are endangered.These flamingos have a temperature tolerance ranging from -22º F to 86º FThey reach over the age 50 years oldPuna, Chilean, and Andean flamingos
Llama
Friendly animals
Weigh 280 to 450 poundsIf they are over handled when they are babies, they will begin to treat humans like they treat other llamas and spit and kick.
5.5 to 6 feet tall
the desert is 970 Km (600 miles)it's a barren, mineral-rich region in northern Chile and southern tip of Peruit bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and the east by the Andes Mountainsthe surface contains much sand and gravel, similar to Marsbed's of sand covered throughout the area its also the worlds only source of natural sodium nitrate , a mineral used in making fertilizer.
Atacama Desert Geography (Cont.)
Atacama desert weather
Gets an average of 1.3 centimeter (0.5 inches) of precipitation yearly.This desert is considered to be the driest desert from the lack of moisture in the area.The desert is a cold place with temperature somewhere between 0 to 25 degree Celsius.During the summer (January, February, and March) the temperature for day is 27 degree Celsius (81 degree Fahrenheit)and about 16 degree Celsius (61 degree Fahrenheit), at night reaching.For the winter (June, July, and August) the average daytime temperature is 22 degree Celsius (72 degree Fahrenheit) and by night 4 degree Celsius (39 degree Fahrenheit) dropping to -2 degree Celsius (28 degree Fahrenheit) in extreme cases.
Other
The best time to go to the desert would be at the summer time.( January, February, and March)Located in South America, west of the Andes Mountains on the Pacific CoastFor the summer wear light colored clothes with shorts.For the winter wear a jacket for the cool weather especially at night.Drink a lot of water and bring a hat or an umbrella to create shade.
Plants of the Atacama Desert
- The plants here have deep roots and are very thorny.
- Chilean Mesquite Trees- Cacti of the genus Capiapod Native
- Tufted grass- ferns- salt bush- shrubs (Deuterocohnia Chrysantha)
Chilean Mesquite Trees
- Can grow up to 20-30 feet, - drought tolerant
- produces yellow or cream colored flowers- This tree blooms in the early summer and spring.
Shrubs (Deuterocohnia Chrysantha)
- Sprout quickly, between 5-9 days
- Stems reach up to about 4 feet
- Produces flowers that are yellow, red, and orange
Cactus (Copiapoa)
- Named after a town in Chile- Usually produced yellow flowers that are 1-2 inches in diameter. - They collect their moisture from the fog along the coast.
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