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Transcript of NASA prezi
and Space Administration
began operation. Pioneer I: First NASA
Cape Canaveral, Florida. The United States launched two monkeys,
Able and Baker, aboard a Jupiter missile and recovered them after a suborbital flight. Scott Crossfield made the first
unpowered glide flight in the
joint X-15 hypersonic research program. The United States launched TIROS 1,
the first successful meteorological
satellite, for monitoring Earth’s weather. Alan Shepard became the first
American to fly in space, on the
Freedom 7 suborbital shot from
Cape Canaveral, Florida. President John F. Kennedy, in his “Urgent National Needs” speech, committed the United States and NASA to landing on the Moon by the end of the decade. 25 May, 1961 20 Feb. 1962 John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth, making three orbits in his Friendship 7 Mercury spacecraft. 16 – 24 July, 1969 Apollo 11: the first lunar landing mission with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Edwin E. Aldrin, and Michael Collins. Armstrong and Aldrin were able to walk on the Moon while Collins orbited overhead in the Apollo command module. 21 Dec, 1968 Apollo 8 launched atop the Saturn V booster from Kennedy Space Center with three astronauts aboard – Frank Borman, James A. Lovell, Jr., and William A. Anders. On Christmas Eve, the crew read from the book of Genesis. 11- 17 April, 1970 56 hours into the flight of Apollo 13, the oxygen tank in the service module ruptured and damaged several of the power, electrical, and life support systems. All crew members returned safely to Earth. 18-24 June, 1983
Sally K. Ride flew on the STS-7 mission and became the first American woman to fly in space. 28 January, 1986 The Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed and its seven crew members were lost. An explosion occurred 73 seconds into the flight as a result of a leak in one of two Solid Rocket Boosters that ignited the main liquid fuel tank. 20 July, 1989
President George H. W. Bush announced plans for the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI). In this speech, he called for the construction of a space station, sending humans back to the Moon, and ultimately sending astronauts to Mars. 18 October, 1989 The Galileo spacecraft was launched from STS-34 and began a gravity assisted journey to Jupiter, where it would send a probe into the atmosphere and observe the planet and its satellites for two years beginning in 1995. On 13 Aug. 1996, data from Galileo at Jupiter revealed that its moon, Europa, may harbor “warm ice” or even liquid water. 24 April, 1990 Launch of the Hubble
Space Telescope from
the Space Shuttle
Columbia (STS-31). 7 August, 1996 NASA announced that a team of its scientists had uncovered evidence, but not conclusive proof, that microscopic life may have once existed on Mars. 29 January, 1998 Representatives from 15 countries met in Washington, D.C. to sign agreements to establish the framework for cooperation among the partners on the design, development, operation, and utilization of the International Space Station. 22-27 July, 1999 The Space Shuttle Columbia’s 26th flight was led by Air Force Col. Eileen Collins, the first woman to command a Shuttle mission (STS – 93). 1 Feb. 2003 The Space Shuttle Columbia broke up in the atmosphere 15 minutes before its scheduled landing. After a 16-day mission, all the crew members were lost during reentry. 3 and 24 Jan. 2004 NASA successfully landed 2 Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, on the surface of Mars in the span of 3 weeks. 14 Jan. 2004
Following a 7-year, 2-billion-mile journey, the Cassini – Huygens spacecraft became the first spacecraft to go into orbit around Saturn. It was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida on 15 Oct. 1997. 26 Jul. 2005 The Space Shuttle Discovery (STS – 114) launched successfully into orbit, marking NASA’s first return to human spaceflight after the Columbia tragedy.