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Indus valley civilization
Transcript of Indus valley civilization
Indus valley is located in the northwestern region of the Indian/Pakistani subcontinent.
Indus valley is in the driest part of the Indian subcontinent. The northern part of Indus valley receives precipitation mostly as snow. January temperatures in the north go below freezing while daytime temperatures in July goes up to 38 degrees Celsius. Indus valley has the same seasons as we do but they also have monsoon rain seasons which is July-September.
The Indus valley civilization followed Hinduism. They had 4 main goddesses. Vishnu was the protector and preserver of life. Siva was the creator and destroyer of life. Shatki was the supreme goddess and Brahma was the creator of the universe. The way they worshiped the goddesses was doing Puja. In that they pray for one of the goddesses to enter their home or temple and then entertaining the deity as a royal guest.
Indus valley has many cities.
Indus valley civilization ends.
Mohenjo-daro is flourishing.
Farmers use ploughs.
Indus valley is at it's richest and strongest point and use seals.
Traders travel to Mesopotamia
Indus valley civilization starts to end.
Indus valley used pointed sticks to write on seals [ soft clay ]. They wrote the first line right to left then the second line left to right and so on.
Most of the writing was about trade, religion, and government.
Role of children: Learn work skills from family.
Role of men and women: They were workers that provided everything their city needed. E.g. farmers, traders, fishermen, while some others wove cotton to make clothes.
The priests were the leaders and they controlled the civilization through religion. So the priests were the ones who made major decisions.
Food and drinks
Workmen wore loincloth [ lungi ] which is similar to baggy shorts.
Rich men wore tunics and women wore Saris. Women also arranged their hair in a shape like fans. Both men and women wore jewelery.
Indus valley civilization used mud bricks to build their homes and buildings. We use tools today that the Indus valley used along time ago,like hammers,knives and axes. This civilization was prominent in hydraulic engineering and sanitation devices which were the first of their kind. Such as system of flush toilets that were connected to a common sewerage pipe. Homes had private wells, and city walls functioned as barriers against floods.
Mohenjo-daro's Great Bath
The Indus valley civilization depended on the monsoon season for it's agriculture. Then the monsoons started to decline so they had less water for their agriculture leading to the end of the civilization. Another example of cause and effect is: In winter the civilization collected water from snow in the Hindu Kush or The Himalayas.
Roti made out of wheat,rice,Curry,vegetables including eggplants, onions, cucumbers,green peppers,tomatoes,Palak made out of spinach. Aaloo Bhurta made out of potatoes, Daal made out of lentils and pulses, and Pakoras made out of gram flour.
Indus valley cuisine
Indus valley sanitation
Indus valley well