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Rules, Regulations and Officiating in Sports

Unit 8, 9, 22
by

Mr Battye

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Rules, Regulations and Officiating in Sports

Unit 22: Officiating in Sport
youtube.com/watch?v=jtIR-HYgKyY
Perform as match officials yourself
Make a list of the things that make a good official
Role Model
Knowledge of Rules
Decisive
In control
Controversial Rugby Decisions
What are the rules?
Is the right decision made
What is the conduct of the officials like?
Who assisted in the decision making?
Knowledge of the rules
Analyse this Volleyball Umpire's performance
Do the commentators always get it right?
Why did these officials not make the correct decision?
Need to know what the main rules are
and why they exist

What are the main rules for your chosen sport that a new player would need to know?
Your opinions
Guidebooks
Official websites
Why do these rules exist though?
By the end of this lesson you need to know:
What are the main rules for your poster
Why these rules exist
What resources you need to get to produce your poster
Umpires have a variety of signals to illustrate their decisions
What are the benefits of these?
How should a referee conduct these signals?
What do they mean?
Roles and Responsibilities of officials
How many officials can you name for all the sports you can think of?
Referee
Umpire
Line Judge
Timekeeper
Scorer
Judge
Television Match Official
Touch Judge
Table official
Assistant Referees
Two types
Performance controllers:
Officials who regulate the sport with or close to the action e.g. cricket, football tennis
Performance Managers: reassure and remind players against standards e.g. gymnastics, snooker, athletics
Most important aspect of sport
must be accurate at all times
concentration
record information as well as the score
time, scorer, assist
number of balls bowled, no. fouls
Ensure rules or laws of game are followed
part of the field of play
authority to make decisions about play
May not be part of play
cricket uses match referee to support umpires
make judgements regarding conduct and may hand out penalties
Indicate whether the ball is out of play
prominant in tennis
Hand signals inform umpire
being replaced by technology (Hawkeye)
Avoids human error
Used in cricket, tennis, netball and hockey
Responsible for on-field activity
Ensure laws of the game are followed
Make key decisions
batsman out? Valid serve in tennis
Avoid confusion by using clear hand signals
Used in sports such as boxing and athletics
ensure laws and rules have been followed
make a judgement on performance
often their decision will determine whether someone has won or not
Many sports use official timekeepers to keep a record of how long the game has been played
ensure clock starts and stops during play
allows on field match officials to concentrate on making correct decisions
key in basketball
More and more sports use Video Referees to support on field officials
adjudicate on key decisions
back up uncertainty of on field officials
rugby union, rugby league, cricket, ice hockey
Help the referee
provide information on foul play
ball out play
offside
Official

Sport
Umpire
line Judge
Timekeeper
Touch Jude / Asst Ref
Scorer
Referee
Fourth Official
Use the table to identify the different sports that use different types of officials. Remember to include as many sports as possible for each category
What are the roles of officials?
Arbiter:
Authority to make decisions and decide matters during sport
Decision viewed as final
Officials need to be totally neutral
Laws of the game must be enforced objectively
absence of emotion or opinion
Think drugs hearings
Judge:
Make decisions according to the rules / laws of the game
communicate these efficively to all concerned
divulging decisions or hand signals
must be fair and objective and follow the NGB rules
Communicator
ensure decisions are clearly and unambiguously communicated
way an official communicates can have massive effects on the players manner / respect / tolerance etc
new or inexperienced officials need to develop their communication skills as part of their training
Presenter:
The way an official presents themselves is important to participants and spectators
must be professional in appearance and conduct
must display confidence and authority to gain respect
clarity of decisions and adhearance to rules
Timekeeper:
keep accurate track of the duration of play
many sports use official timekeepers to do this
Scorekeeper:
May be done by on field officials
netball, football
essential records are accurate and up to date
can be quickly relayed to others at any point
a written record is essential
Safety officer:
many risks of injury in sports
especially sports that involve contests over possession
officials must take every step to ensure the health and safety of participants
check equipment, clear and confident judgements
sanction players who endanger other participants
Sports Law Reason why this
rule is important
Football No tackles
from behind
Cricket

Netball

Rugby Union

Hockey
Responsibilities of Officials
What do you think these are?
Application of the rules
Up to date knowledge

Thorough knowledge
Clear understanding of rules
Know how to apply them
Clear application of rules
Common sense, intervene when necessary
Health and Safety
Duty of care for participants
Ensure all participants remain safe and free from harm
Especially contact
Apply appriopriate sanctions / management strategies
Check facilities and equipment
Take weather conditions into account
Communicating information
Need to be correct and clear
Non-verbal communication
Players,
Other officials,
Managers,
Spectators
Wide variety of people
Establishing and maintaining relationships
Positive relationshps with players, other officials, managers and coaches
Facilitate difficult situations- conflict, aggression
Clear decision making, and clarity as to why decision was made
Self analysis will aid future handling of different situations
Observation Checklist
Professionalism
Communication
Application of rules
Up to date knowledge
Correct application
Appropriate communication
Manner
Appearance
Communication
Effective
With
co-officials
With players, managers, spectators
Health & Safety
Dealing with conflict
H&S of participants
Checking equipment
Control of
Game
Scoring
Systems
Relationship
with
others
Conflict
management
An Officials
Development
Practice
Easiest way
Experience a variety of situations and circumstances
Must be followed by an evaluation
Understand strengths and weaknesses
Devise ways to improve
Training
To be a success you must train
Update skills
Practice them in a variety of situations
Regular physical training as well
Correct decisions even when fatigued
Some sports have official fitness guidelines
Qualifications
Gained a recognised qualification
To improve you need to be qualified
Receive training whilst getting qualified
NGB provide up to date qualifications
Train
Keep you up to date with relevant rule changes
Acheive a recognised certificate
Self Analysis
A variety of methods can be used
Self reflection
Consider own performance
Strengths
Areas for development
Correct performance (perfect model)
How could you do better in the future
Buddy System
An experienced official acts as a mentor
Helps develop skills and techniques
Observe
Ask questions
Seek advice
Invaluable access to knowledge and experience
Handling different situations
How to deal with conflict
Guidance as they have been through the same processes
Full transcript