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Cognitive and Psychosocial Development

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Barbara Maestas

on 6 September 2016

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Transcript of Cognitive and Psychosocial Development

Cognitive and Psychosocial Development
Piaget (how the mind works)
Big and....
... small
Psychosocial
Identity
Erikson
Moral Development
Kohlberg
Gilligan
Piaget
moral reasoning
Moral Development
Moral Development
Identity
Areas of Crisis/Commitment
politics
occupation
religion
intimate relationships
friendship
gender role
Marcia
1. Select an incident in which you experienced
a "disequilibrating event." Describe the event.

2. How did you respond to this event?
Characterize your response in terms of Piaget's
ideas about accommodation and assimilation.

3. Describe alternative ways in which you
could have responded. Characterize these alternatives in terms of Piaget's theory.
biological
: physically unfit children

cognitive
: learn new vocabulary; decreased attention
span; perception of world as more violent than it is

psychosocial
: aggression; gender role development
Impact of television on children
Comparison: Vygotsky and Piaget
Cognitive
Development
and
physical growth and change
mental activity
personality and
social development
Vygotsky
(role of social forces)
Sociocultural

Strong

Little
Contexts

Emphasis

Emphasis

Stages

No general stages

Strong emphasis on stages
(sensorimotor, preoperational,
concrete operational, formal
operational)

Processes

Zone of Proximal Development,

Schema, assimilation,

cultural tools, spontaneous concepts,

accommodation

scientific concepts

Role of

Powerful in shaping thought

Cognition directs language
Language

View of

Central in helping children learn

Refines cognitive skills that have
Education

tools of culture

already emerged

Teaching

Teacher as facilitator and guide,

Teacher as facilitator and guide,
Implications

not director

not director

Establish many opportunities for

Provide support for children to

students to learn with teacher

explore world and discover

and more-skilled peers

knowledge
Identity Foreclosure: blindly accepts identity
and values given in childhood by family and
significant others (
crisis
);
commitment
to identity without exploration
Identity Moratorium: undergoing identity search (
crisis
); beginning to
commit
to, but still developing, identity
Identity Diffusion: no clear idea of identity
and making no attempt to find identity
Identity Achievement: developed well-defined personal
values and concepts; commitment to identity following
time of exploration
Identity Diffusion
Identity Moratorium
anxious
changes identity often
often dissatisfied
vague occupational commitment
still undergoing identity search
Identity Achievement
high self-esteem
developed well-defined personal values and self-concept
less inclination to submit unquestionably to authority
committed to an ideaology
Identity Foreclosure
close-minded
accepts and endorses parental choices and values
committed to identity but not as result of own searching
little self-direction
impulsive
low self-esteem
having no clear idea of identity
making no attempt to find identity
work independently
can do with guidance
unreachable, with or without assistance
Adolescent Identity
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1swiVy85G3HFJvVJUAOHDo5oGXW-lMOJ8zJd4r53cmIg/edit?usp=sharing
What do you think?
The Prisoner Dilemma
https://docs.google.com/document/d/19IEA04ljNQDFk7jMFXdfsW5FYBOJd-BmXTo4hMiArCY/edit?usp=sharing
Zone of Proximal Development
and Scaffolding
How does one’s cognition and social interaction influence one’s moral judgments and behavior?
In what ways does Kohlberg’s theory emphasize
reasoning
over
behavior
?
How does Gilligan’s view of identity relate to moral development?
Piaget (how the mind works)
http://www.learner.org/courses/learningclassroom/session_overviews/cog_app_home8.html
scaffolding
scaffolding
M
ore
K
nowledgeable
O
ther
T-Chart: Cognitive Development
Erikson
Identity
How are the stages of psychosocial development tied to social interactions?
Why is the resolution of the identity versus role confusion important for teacher and parents to understand?
Crisis
Exploration
Commitment
slow starter
apples falling
close to tree
Full transcript