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Transcript of Drones
Drones are similar to robots, and can be used in different ways. Drones are known as UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) or RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aerial Systems) to the military. Drones are often used when human flight is too risky or difficult. They can also be 24/7 cameras in the sky. They are similar to satellites since they can send live video feed of activity on the ground. You will usually hear about them in the news.
Types of Drones
Target and Decoy
- Providing ground and aerial gunnery that simulates and enemy aircraft or missile
Providing battlefield intelligence
Providing attack capability for high-risk missions
Research and development-
Used to further develop UAV technologies to be integrated into field deployed UAV aircraft
Civil and Commercial UAVs-
UAVs specifically designed for civil and commercial applications
Drones are cheaper than military aircraft and there is no danger to pilots and crew. There are two separate squadrons of armed drones in US: the US Air Force and the CIA.
Although some drones are unpiloted and are controlled by themselves, most are controlled by trained crew at a base. The base may be around the area or really far away, but many drone missions in Afghanistan and Iraq are piloted from Nellis & Creech USAF base in Nevada, USA.
The MQ-1B Predator and MQ-9 Reaper are the most popular drones used by the US military. The systems for the Predator and Reaper have a ground control station and a satellite link. The Predator’s cost ranges from $4.5 million-$11 million and the Reaper costs about $30 million.The Reaper can go at 370 kilometers per hour whereas the Predator can only go at 217 kilometers per hour.
Israel is actually the largest exporter of drones in the world. There are Israeli drones like the “Ghost” small helicopter and the “Eitan” Heron TP. Israel includes upwards of 60 drones in its own air fleet. They include the Elbit’s Hermes 450 and 900, or the larger Heron and Heron TP. The Heron will be replacing an older model plane called the 33 AH-1 Some of these drones weigh up to 4.6 tons and can fly 45 000 feet high.
Laws and Regulations of Drones
How Drones Operate
Are Drone Safe?
UAVs are safe in many ways. They satisfy the demands of keeping more soldiers safe and eliminate targets with ease. Supporter of armed drones argue that drones now have increased control over when and where to strike, thus enabling greater accuracy and less collateral damage.
Drones are regulated under the Canadian aviation regulations. If a drone causes property damage or personal injury, the operator may be liable or face criminal charges. Depending on whether aviation regulations were followed, the operator may also be fined by Transport Canada.
If an operator flies a UAV without a Special Flight Operating Certificate (SFOC) and should have one, Transport Canada can issue fines up to $5 000 for an individual and $25 000 for a business. If an operator does not follow the requirements of their SFOC, Transport Canada can issue fines of up to $3 000 for an individual and $15 000 for a business.
Laws can differ between different countries. In the US, drones are regulated by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration).
However, drones have also been responsible for large numbers of civilian casualties. Regardless, governments continue to use combat drones in operations and for gathering intel.
Scientists continue working to develop systems that make drones safer and in some cases even override their human operators in cities.
Scientists and regulators are encountering two main questions in developing the safety regulations: How to design drones so that they avoid running into manned aircraft, and how to make sure drones that lose contact with their ground control do not hurt people.
How Drones Stay
One solution is this. One person would be in charge of scanning the area for other aircraft and then telling the operator on the ground if he or she sees anything. The operator would then flip a switch that would force the drone to dive like a bird and get out of the way of the larger manned civilian plane.
In Canada, operators are told to fly their drones only by day, within 90 meters of the ground and within physical sight of the operator. Flights over buildings, large crowds or sporting events are off-limits, and no drone should come within nine kilometres of an airport. Drone hobbyists are also required to get a special permit from the government to fly any drone weighing more than 35 kilograms.
FAA (American) Drone Regulations
History of Drones
One of the first recorded usages of drones was by Austrians on August 22, 1849. They launched around 200 pilotless balloons mounted with bombs against the city of Venice, although these balloons do not meet the current definition of drones. However, it did plant the seed for modern drones.
First Uses of Drones
Less than two decades later, balloons were flown in the U.S. Civil War in 1862, with both Confederate and Union forces using them for reconnaissance and bombing. In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, we find the U.S. military fitting a camera to a kite, producing the first ever aerial reconnaissance photos.
Nikola Tesla was the first to demonstrate remote control of vehicles. On a pond in Madison Square Garden in 1898, he remotely controlled a boat with a radio signal. He was the first to patent it, calling it teleautomation.
The “Firebees” were first tested in 1951 at Holloman Air Force base. The early Firebee could stay in flight for two hours and was capable of reaching heights of up to 60 000 feet. Several models were created, and one was known as the “Lightning Bug.”
The first pilotless aircraft were developed during and shortly after World War I. The first was the “Aerial Target,” developed in 1916, but it never flew. During the technology rush of World War II, drones were used both as training tools for antiaircraft gunners and for aerial attack missions. Nazi Germany had also produced and used various UAVs during the course of WWII.
World War I and II
The Lightning Bug was used in surveillance missions over North Korea, Cuba, and China. They were used extensively during the Vietnam War after an operation officially ended in 1968. The robotic eyes in the sky were successful, and from 1964 and 1975, more than 1 000 Lightning Bugs flew over 34 000 surveillance missions across Southeast Asia.
The Firebee and the Lightning Bug
The reason for creating US UAVs began in 1959 when the US Air Force, concerned about losing pilots over hostile territory, began planning for unmanned flights. They put different types of equipment, such as TV cameras, on the prototypes. Drones continued to be used and tested in different wars. Soon, companies were interested in giving weapons to the drones.
The 1970s were defined by a mixture of unease, skepticism and speculation about the end of the human pilot. The 1980s moved the robotic development center to Israel. They used Pioneer drones in the early 1980s against Syrian forces, which kickstarted the production of drones in Israel. Since the country continued to manufacture the drones, it lead to them being the largest exporter of drones in the world.
Why Drones were Made
In conclusion, the technology was eventually commissioned by the CIA after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and is continuously used now.
How Drones Affect the World
How Drones Impact Warfare
The UAVs can loiter in the area of a suspected target and strike with the least possibility of inflicting collateral damage. They are far less lethal than any other aerial weapons system. Drones also make warfare cheaper and less instinctive in its own way.
Casualties and warfare itself have declined substantially in recent years— and drones might actually be one part of the reason why. Drones remain a small part of the overall military forces to date, and they are used a lot for nonviolent purposes such as surveillance.
How Drones Changed Daily Life
Drones have changed daily life in many ways. Some of the ways are listed below:
Putting Out Wildfires
Saving the Planet
Transporting medical supplies to hard-to-reach areas
Saving Animals and the Wildlife
Assisting with Disasters
Helping Search and Rescue
Ambulance Drone Saves Life
Lifeguard Drone Tested in Chile
Drones can also convey items and deliver food for people. In late 2013, Amazon proposed a drone delivery program, which inspired other companies to use drones to make their business more efficient. So far, it has been experimented with by pizzerias around the world and even Domino's in the UK.
Drones have altered the way farming is done. Traditionally, farmers would survey the growing fields with piloted aircraft or satellites, which can get expensive. Having special agricultural drones outfitted to perform different tasks could completely change and make a farmer’s job easier.
Domino's Pizza Test Drone
Amazon PrimeAir Drone
Agricultural drones are relatively cheap drones with advanced sensors and imaging capabilities that give farmers new ways to increase supply and reduce crop damage.
It is simply a low-cost aerial camera platform: either miniature fixed-wing airplanes or quadcopters and other multibladed small helicopters. These aircraft are equipped using GPS and a standard camera controlled by the autopilot. After, software on the ground can combine aerial shots into a high-resolution mosaic map. Everything is done automatically, from take-off to landing. From the air, they can detect crop problems and show which are healthy.
The Usage of Drones
Drones are used almost everywhere around the world. They can be different sizes and shapes, and they serve different purposes. Drone hobbyists could buy one online to fly in their neighbourhood provided they are following the guidelines in their country.
The US military and the UK design larger scale models or weaponized UAVs to use in other countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, or Iraq. More than 300 companies and organizations have permission to fly. Many are film, photography and production companies such as the BBC and ITV. Experts have predicted that small drones will soon fill the skies.
Where, when, and how often?
The worldwide drone market is now worth $89 billion. These drones have already changed the world as we know it, and they continue to impress us in many ways. They have changed journalism so it can be used to get the latest cover story. The drones also inspect oil rigs and make sure it is safe to operate and function. They can be used to help out planet Earth by clearing out trash dumps around the world and monitor our wildlife.
How Using Drones Change The World
In first world countries, they can guard national borders, cover large sporting or national events, and even make art! Other jobs include herding sheep and cattle, mapping, messaging, mailing, guiding, and exploring.
Drone warfare is an alternate way to fight wars in the future. The effect that UAVs will have on future warfare will depend largely on technological capabilities of the next generation of drones. In the near future, armed drones will continue to help out manned systems, rather than a replacement.
Particularly in counter- insurgency warfare, UAVs can help protect soldiers and minimize civilian casualties, but humans are still crucial to lowering conflict and defining morale. The capabilities of UAVs must never be mistaken for a strategy or a way to wage a “costless war.”
Drone Warfare in the Future
Drones still must navigate trees, people, birds, snow - and other drones. Amazon's distribution centers are on cheap land, far from city centers and wealthy suburbs. Drones could startle drivers, and their propellers could injure children.
Amazon wants to deliver products weighing less than 5 pounds with drones that can fly as far as 10 miles from its fulfillment centers. Amazon hopes to deliver packages with self-piloted drones.
Future of Business Drones
Even so, drone commerce faces a big hurdle today: It is illegal in the US. The FAA permits personal drone use, but generally not business uses. It has given permission only to two projects and six companies.
Drone Explores Ice Caves
Artificial Intelligence and Drones
This latest sci-tech insanity proves that humanity is one step closer to an AI-singularity, a moment in the future when artificial intelligence will move beyond the abilities of the everyday human, putting our very existence at risk.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a developing source of technology that has no life and is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines. They will soon be able to perform targeted killing without the consultation of humans, working by themselves, just responding to a set of criteria.
Examples of Artificial Intelligence
Some movies that mention AI are listed below:
Some examples of AI in our everyday life:
Google Car (in development)
The CPU in games (chess, GTA.etc)
Drones that have AI
The British military has a new unmanned attack aircraft designed to use artificial intelligence to fly itself halfway around the world and select enemy targets on its own. The Taranis prototype is a stealthy jet-powered autonomous flying robot weapon system. Named after the Celtic god of thunder, the Taranis concept plane took four years to build at a cost of £143-million.
The X-47B stealth drone is set to be the first aircraft piloted by artificial intelligence. With a wingspan of 62 feet, the subsonic drone will be the first tailless aircraft ever to land on a carrier. The subsonic stealth drone has been given a robot brain, putting it miles above the thousands of other unmanned drones currently circling the skies.
Why is AI and drones a controversial topic?
As these weapons become smarter and quicker, critics fear they will become increasingly difficult for humans to control or to defend against. Britain, Israel and Norway are already deploying missiles and drones that carry out attacks against enemy radar, tanks or ships without direct human control.
In recent years, artificial intelligence has begun to overrule human decision-making in a variety of fields, such as high-speed stock trading and medical diagnostics, and even in self-driving cars like the Google car.
After launch, autonomous weapons rely on artificial intelligence and sensors to select targets and to initiate an attack.
Thank you for watching!
Now it is time to play a drone game!
By: Justin Phung #17
Extra Video if There is Time
Animated History of the Drone