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02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
Transcript of 02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
Document A Magna Carta
1. How did religion influence the Magna Carta?
It was influenced by the means of the church. The intention was to give equal rights to everyone. But the document had to be signed for everyone to perform the religion that they wanted to.
2. How did the Magna Carta limit the power of King John?
It limited the power of king john by letting everyone perform any religion that they wanted to.
3. How did the Magna Carta lay the foundation for democracy?
By limiting the power of the monarch and for the establishment of a council.
Document D: Trade Routes during the Late Middle Ages, Map
1. How do you think Pope Urban II and the Crusades influenced the trade routes shown on this map?
The crusades escalated trade and the use of coin exchange and it was meant to bring more power to the church, because they opened the pilgrimage routes.
2. Which cities shown on the map do you think were most affected by ideas from foreign lands? Which cities were least affected by ideas from foreign lands?
The cities closest to the ocean were more affected, and the inner cities were least affected. Also, because the sailors were the familiar foreign influences.
3. What cities seemed to benefit the most from trade routes by sea? Explain.
The cities closet to the ocean because majority of the trading took place near the coastal areas and the ocean trade routes were used more often.
Document E: Feudalism in Europe
1. Do you think the social standing of merchants during the Middle Ages helped or hurt the economy? Explain.
I think it did help because they had a main role in the supply and demand in the marketplace which influenced people to buy their goods.
2. Do you think church officials had a large amount of influence in the feudal system? Explain.
Yes, because the church was very wealthy and the church had no separation between politics. Therefore the pope had higher power than the king and the church did not have to pay taxes they had great income.
3. In the feudal system, do you think knights ever felt conflicting loyalties? Explain.
Yes, because they may have felt that they were not fine enough for the king.
1. Based on this excerpt, do you think trade was instrumental in the spread of Buddhism to Japan? Explain.
No, I believed that the Europeans somehow convinced them into trade.
2. Summarize the trade relations described in this excerpt. Do you think the geographic locations of Japan, China, and Korea contributed to this trade? Explain.
Yes, but in a positive way. They could find another source of trade if the geographic locations were not good enough.
3. Based on the geography of Japan, do you think trade from one area of Japan to another could be difficult? Explain.
Yes, because Japan is large and limitations in some of the areas can hinder trade of some areas in Japan to other areas in Japan.
Document H: Excerpt for Secondary Source and Topographical Map of Japan
Topic: ''In what ways did religion and economics influence the development of medieval Europe and Japan?''
Religion and economics have influenced Medieval Europe and Japan in various ways. Religion and economics have had a huge influence of the development of medieval Europe through Christianity, the feudal system, Shintoism and Buddhism and a similar formation to the feudal system that influenced the expansion of medieval Japan. The exchangement of goods and services and the economic structure between both of the empires came to be the main development of their success and it had also become extremely important in both Medieval Europe and Japan.
In medieval Europe, religion and economics were obviously in relationship with one another. Religion was the main cause of war during this time, including the Crusades, which was started by Pope Urban II. Which had lasted over 200 years was over Jerusalem, the Holy Land. This had brought efficient power to the church and opened the pilgrimage routes, increasing trade and the use of coin exchange. Which this had led to the urbanization of medieval Europe, which made an outstanding changed to the economy and would eventually lead to five centuries of Europe’s economic and cultural influence. Before the wars, the church was very wealthy and had no separation from politics. Also, the pope had more power than king. The church did not have to pay taxes. With the advancement of trade, the merchants and the guilds were in progress with becoming more popular in the trade routes. These things helped the development of the middle class, which eventually created new advancements.
On an additional note, religion did not have as much of an impact on daily life and the overall development of Japan as it did in Europe. For example most of the wars were fought for wealth or power, not religion, but it did convince certain parts of religion. The people in Japan embraced to their original Shinto belief when Buddhism was mandatory for them. After the Mongol invasion, Japan began to discard anything Chinese, which was weird because of how big a right China had on Japan. This strong authority must have built up some non satisfaction between the Japanese. Following this, Japan segregated itself, but during the second half of the Ashikaga period, Japan flourished. The Japanese had learnt to make European style muskets when a Portuguese ship arrived at one of their ports and this recreated the Japanese warfare. Many people eventually converted to Christianity to increase the trade, but this was soon covered up. The government of Japan became interested in land recovery projects, which would limit the taxes of people who had supported it, this ended up creating some semi-independent states, and it led to the expansion of feudalism in Japan.
In conclusion, there are many similarities and differences among the growth, and success of Medieval Europe and Japan. Being important to both of the empires faith and economy would be considered the final line and affected the difficulty, combat, and outcome of Medieval Europe and Japan. This has helped the change of Medieval Europe and Japan to the modern day Europe and Japan that we recognize today.