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Digital Storytelling

An examination of digital storytelling and its role in the classroom

Kate Lloyd

on 21 November 2012

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Transcript of Digital Storytelling

Digital Storytelling;
The tree of Knowledge By: Kaitlyn Lloyd How can digital stories
be used in the classroom? How do digital stories facilitate various learners? Creating an Agentive Self Aid for Struggling Readers and Writers Digital stories give voice 3 ways to support learning through digital stories Book Trailers Definition The Seven Elements of Digital Storytelling How does it work? What is digital storytelling? "Digital storytelling is defined as the practice of using computer-based tools to tell stories and is described as merging a personal story with video, still-frame imagery, music, and voice to create a personal multimedia story"
(Sawyer & Willis, 2011, p.275). "At its core, digital storytelling allows computer users to become creative storytellers through the traditional processes of selecting a topic, conducting some research, writing a script, and developing an interesting story" (Robin, 2008, p.221). This is then enhanced with computer effects, such as music, video clips, graphics and audio, which add to the overall composition of the work. "1. Point of view: What is the main point of the story and what is the perspective of the author?
2. A dramatic question: A key question that keeps the viewers attention and will be answered by the end of the story.
3. Emotional content: Serious issues that come alive in a personal and powerful way and connects the story to the audience.
4. The gift of your voice: A way to personalize the story to help the audience.
5. The power of the soundtrack: Music or other sounds that support or embellish the storyline.
6. Economy: Using just enough content to tell the story without overloading the viewer.
7.Pacing: The rhythm of the story and how slowly or quickly it progresses."
(Sylvestor & Greenidge, 2009, p. 287).
**THIS IS A GOOD EXAMPLE OF CRITERIA TO CONSIDER WHEN TEACHING AND ASSESSING STUDENT'S DIGITAL STORIES! Book Trailers: Creating book trailers for an upcoming novel study to engage students or help to illustrate choices in book selection. "These digital creations communicated aspects of theme, plot, character, and setting to tempt the viewers to read the book on which it is based" (Dreon, Kerper, & Landis, 2008, p. 6). Trailers could also be utilized by students to present the final project of a novel study. See examples (Brewster, 2012) & (Lawrence, 2012). The following TED talk looks at how digital stories can teach us about indigenous cultures. Digital stories can help to bridge the gap of difference and through stories unite people all over the world. They give voice to communities and people who have never seen a computer and can help to support learning surrounding perspective, geography, and culture. Click on link below. 1. "They can be used as problem cases to be solved by students" (Sadik, 2008, p. 490). An example of this could be in a mathematics classroom (See example below). "Through online digital stories, Tyler (a participant in the study) creates a way for students to acquire math information in a manner that is palatable and entertaining. The videos can be watched repeatedly in a private setting, Tyler's struggling students can view the digital stories without fear of of being labeled by their peers" (Dreon, Kerper & Landis, 2011, p. 8). Digital Stories can influence the behaviours of young children Hull & Katz (2006) draw data from a multi-year digital storytelling project and drew the following results:
-"Digital storytelling with its emphasis on the visual, seemed an especially good vehicle for Randy's truth telling, his critical rendering of the world, by providing space for material and symbolic images and thereby additional layers of meaning" (p.59).
-"We know from this literature and from our own research, especially for people living in disenfranchised or disadvantaged communities where they are often segregated from the material and social resources of our society, how critical it is to have access to tools and technology, and to believe in their own present capabilities and imagined futures" (p.73). -"The study found that digital storytelling is a promising instructional strategy for scaffolding young English language learners' development in story comprehension, decoding of print-based texts, reading fluency, vocabulary acquisition, and writing processes involving drafting, editing and revising on the computer" (Wang & Zang, 2010, p.79).
-The length was short and required packed, precise language and provided an entrance for struggling writers who were intimidated by a blank page" (Kajder, 2004, p. 66).
-Digital storytelling has the capacity to not only motivate struggling writers as they experience enjoyment of creating stories enhanced by multimedia, but also to reposition themselves from struggling writers to competent writers" (Sylvestor & Greenidge, p.291). http://www.ted.com/talks/phil_borges_on_endangered_cultures.html 2."They can be used as exemplars of concepts or principles being taught by direct instruction" (Sadik, 2008, p.490). 3 ways to support learning through digital stories 3 ways to support learning through digital stories "Third, stories can be used as advice for students, for helping them learn to solve problems" (Sadik, 2008, p.490) Example -"Digital narratives have been introduced as a method of intervention through the creation of memory books" (Sawyer & Willis, 2011, p.274). -"Digital storytelling combines multiple strategies such as narrative therapy, drama, music, and visual imagery to provide a method for exploring social behaviour and sharing personal experiences" (Sawyer & Willis, 2011, p. 276). -"Digital storytelling uses the highly popular obsession with electronic devices with the ancient practice of storytelling in an attempt to address gaps in behavioural and social learning" (Sawyer & Willis, 2011, p.280). Thanks for watching~

Reference List: Description According to Porter (2005), “digital storytelling is the combination of the ancient art of oral storytelling with a palette of technical tools to weave personal stories using digital images, graphics, music, and sound mixed together with the author’s own story voice”. In my opinion this definition best describes what digital stories are. I only recently discovered digital stories and have only created one to date, but the experience was very enriching. For the final project in a course we had a choice between writing a traditional essay or creating a digital story. Both projects had to be on a historical educational institution, I chose the Old Britannia House in Mississauga, Ontario. When given choices like this in the past, I have always chosen the conventional methods because I am usually ensured a good mark and know what is expected. For the first time, I decided to challenge myself and try something completely new. This was so liberating and challenging, that I ended up taking so much away from the experience. It also made me think about all of the people who do not thrive when completing traditional essays, how liberating this choice would also be for them. This is the first digital story I have ever made: Rationale The main reason that I chose digital stories is because I believe stories are the backdrop of our lives. “Since the early days of civilization, storytelling has been important for the distribution of knowledge and preservation of heritage from generation to generation in world cultures” (Wang & Zhan, 2010, p. 76). In my opinion, stories are also the greatest method of teaching. I can remember every detail of certain stories and they resonate inside me, like a flame catching a wick. One of my favourite quotations is written by poet Muriel Rukeyser, she writes “Our lives are made up of stories, not atoms”. As our lives become more preoccupied with technology, I think that digital stories are becoming more and more important. We must meld together our past and our future to create stories that will continue on for generations to come. Now lets take a look at some of the key findings... (Borges, 2007) (Wolfe, 2009) (French Lesson 1, 2011) (Lynne, 2010)
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