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The Five Major Perspectives of Psychology

A look at the five different perspectives: neuroscience, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic
by

Morgan Williams

on 17 December 2012

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Transcript of The Five Major Perspectives of Psychology

The Five Perspectives Neuroscience: Behavioral: The neuroscience perspective focuses on how
humans function on a biological level. This
is broken down into the very cellular make-
up of the individual and how nerve cells
are joined together. This perspective focuses
mainly on the brain and nervous system
as well as inherited behaviors and how
heredity can influence a person's
behavior. Psychodynamic: The psychodynamic perspective focuses
on the idea that behavior is motiviated by
an inner force and conflicts which we
consciously know little about and have little
control over. Dreams and misspeaks are an
indication of what we are truly feeling.
The father of this perspective was Sigmund
Freud who's ideas about unconscious
behavior were revolutionary upon 20th
century thinking. Cognitive: Humanistic: The humanistic perspective is a bit of a
unique one as it suggests that all people
naturally strive to grow and develop and be
in control of their lives. Both Carl Rogers and
Abraham Maslow were the fathers of this
approach as they believed that individuals
will strive to reach their full potential when
they are given the opportunity to do so. This
idea is known as free will... one's ability to
make decisions without the influence of
of outside forces, but rather their own
behaviors and life. Though all of these
major perspectives
are credible, I relate
the most to the
behavioral
perspective. The father of the behavioral
perspective was John B. Watson who suggested they should focus on observable behavior that could be measured. Watson believed that one
could gain complete understanding of an individuals behavior by studying and modifying the environment. This perspective focuses on the affects of outside influences on an individual rather than their inner working mind. This perspective focuses on how
people think, understand, and know
about the world around them. How they think and view the world can be represented in their behaviors. This perspective compares the human brain to that of a computer, taking information and processing it in a similar fashion.
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