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Transcript of Multicultural Counseling
Starts with an awareness of psychological differences that are among a diverse population (between-group differences and within group differences)
Environment is considered as an important factor Proposition II- Being mindful of multiple identities, contexts and experiences Clients have multiple identities that are fluid and can change over time
Multicultural group- ( cultural, racial/ethnic, spiritual/religious, sexual orientation, socioeconomic class)
Universal identity of being humans beings. MCT as a metatheory Proposition I
MCT is a metatheory that basically holds that each helping theory does represent a different worldview of a client, which can foster psychological health in various ways.
Proposition III Cultural/racial development represents a cognitive, emotional and behavioral progress through identifiable and measurable levels of consciousness
4 Reflection on self as a cultural being
5 Multiperspective internalization “Como se acuerda con los pajaros
la traduccion de sus idiomas?
How is the translation of their languages
Arranged with the birds?”
Pablo Neruda, The Book of Questions Background of MCT Cheek (1970)- creating new therapy techniques for African Americans
Be culturally sensitive within therapy and have understanding
Cheatham (1990)- Work with family, extended networks, community with client.
Intervene on issues of racism, sexism, other cultural oppression and soical injusticies in therapy.
Paulo Freire (1972)- Conscientizaca'o - liberation of individuals from internalized oppression to people with different personal, social, and economical injustices.
Recognition that traditional theories (worldviews, values, and assumptions) differ from a client's meaning of what is mental health, goals of therapy, helping strategies in diverse clients. MCT complements traditional western counseling by making sure that the cultural background needs are considered, acknowledging their differences, and finding culturally appropriate solutions to their concerns. Strive to help view their client's issues within the context by drawing in family members into the therapy session, and using non-western approach whenever it is appropriate Afrocentric Worldview Building a More Expansive view of Counseling and Therapy Chetham (1990)- "I am because we are; and because we are, therefore I am"
Afrocentric worldview is-
Holistic, emotionally vital, interdependent, and oriented toward survival collectively.
Emphasizes oral tradition, being-in time orientation, harmonious blending and cooperation of differences, respectful to elders in the community.
Can be related to other cultures- southern Italian, Chinese, Japanese, Puerto Rican and Mexican families.
Issues of relationship are more valued than in Eurocentric cultures.
Introspective Developmental Counseling Basic life stages Formed by Tamase from Japan in 1989 and 1991
Drew concepts from Erikson life-span theory, developmental counseling and therapy (DCT), and Naikan Therapy. Birth through preschool, elementary school, adolescence, and present day life.
Operates from a self-in-relation perspective Making meaning from the past Past of client affects her or his present state
No interpretation instead listens to client and reviews his or her past Consciousness-Raising Groups For diverse clients, consciousness-raising groups are important to help individuals understand how their past impact their present. Proposition IV Ensure that counseling approaches, strategies, and goals meet the needs and preferences of culturally diverse clients.
Proposition V Clients are individuals in context, meaning that there is a broad range or mental healthcare services which can involve families, individuals, groups and communities which the client is a part of.
Some examples are:
Network Therapy-beloved communities
Traditional healers like shamans, aboriginal worldview, herbalists, N.A. Sweat Lodge, Ma'at, Morita Therapy, Jewish health traditions, Buddhist psychotherapy. Proposition VI Liberation of consciousness:
Paulo Freire's Five levels of Consciousness
Quiñones- Rosado's Consciousness in Action Theory
Paulo Freire's five levels of consciousness
1. Naive consciousness
2. Identify with oppressor
3. Identify and discovered their condition resulting in anger.
4. Reflect on self as a cultural being.
5. Develop of self-in-relation identity.
Quiñones-Rosado Consciousness-in-action theory
a. mental characteristics
b. emotional characteristics
c. physical characteristics-body and behavior
d. Spiritual characteristic