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ashley ross

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Peru

by: Ashley Ross Peru A The national animal of Peru in the Vicuna. Its emblem is used on the Peruvian coat of arms. The Vicuna is a shy animal that lives in the Andes. In the daytime they eat grass on the planes of the Andes mountains and at night they sleep on the slopes. Its fur is worth about $1,800 to $3,000 per yard. Border Countries B The countries that border Peru are Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil,Bolivia and Chile. C Capital The capital of Peru is Lima. Lima is located in Central Peru. The population there is about 9 million people and it was founded in 1535. Destinations (top ten) D The top ten destinations in Peru that you should visit are: Arequipa, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Huraz & the Cordilleras, Iquitos, Lima, Nazca, lake Titicaca, and Trujillo. Iquitos Lake Titicaca Education E People in Peru take education very seriously. Everyone shows great respect towards their teachers. Public education is free in Peru. Many schools lack basic materials especially in rural areas. Flag F The flag of Peru was adopted in 1825. The red on the flag stands for blood while the white stands for peace. Flag day in Peru is June 7. Government G The government in Peru is similar to ours. They have a legislative, judicial, and executive branch. Congress is made up of 130 members who are elected for five years. The president is also elected for five years and cannot be re-elected two times in a row. Huaraz H Huaraz is a city in Peru. The population is about 120,000 people. It is about 420 km north of Lima. The official language in Huaraz is Spanish but in rural areas some people speak Quechua. The Santa River flows through Huaraz. I Inca Empire The Inca empire was the largest empire in pre-Colombian America. The Inca empire only lasted from 1438 to 1533. Quechua was the official language that the Incas spoke. The capital of the Inca empire was Cuzco. J July 28,1821 On July 28, 1821 Peru declared its independence from Spain. The Peruvian War of Independence began in 1811. Jose de San Martin delcared independence on this day. Jose de San Martin K L Kilometers Peru's area is 1,285,216 square kilometers. This makes it about the size of Alaska. Lima is approximately the size of Rhode Island. 41% of Peru is water. Llamas M Machu Picchu N Nazca Lines O P Pachacamac Temple Ollanta Humala Q Quechua R Regions S South America T Peru has the 5th largest population in South America. It has about 29.5 million inhabitants. Since South America is in the Southern Hemishpere, its seasons are reversed from ours. U V W X Y Z Unemployment The unemployment rate in Peru is so high that it is difficult to measure. Some estimates say that the rate is about 70%. About 60% of Peruvians earn less than $190 per month. Vicuna Water One way to get sick when you visit Peru is to drink the water. It is not even safe to brush your teeth with. The people in Peru are used to the bacteria in the water so they won't get sick from drinking it like we would. Amazon River The Amazon River starts in Peru. It is the largest river in the world by volume and the second cleanest. eXtra Facts Yacon The Yacon is a tuberous plant similar to the Yucca plant. It is used as the base for producing insulin for diabetics. Tuberous plant - A plant like a potato with roots that are like tubes. Zaramama Zaramama is an Incan corn and grain goddess. She is the daughter of Pachamama, the earth mother. Tumi The Tumi is the national symbol of Peru. It is a ceremonial knife with a semi-circular blade. Incans would not be considered married until they exchanged sandals.

Earthquakes in Peru are common as they are in a seismic zone.

The national bird of Peru is the Gallito de las Rocas which means the rooster of the rocks.

The average life span of a woman in Peru is 71 years.

The national dish is cui, which is roasted guinea pig. In parts of Peru it is customary for Peruvian children to raise Llamas for thier wool. The Incas also used Llamas for food. They are very smart and make great pets. The Nazca Lines are a series of geoglyphs located in the Nazca desert. No one is really sure how they were made. Some of the pictures are a hummingbird, a spider, a monkey, and an astronaut. Machu Picchu is 7000 feet above sea level. It is made up of over 150 buildings and 100 flights of stairs. It is one of the few cities built by the Incas that the Spanish did not destroy. Ollanta Humala became president of Peru on July 28, 2011. He is the 50th president of Peru. He is a member of the Peruvian Nationalist Party. Pachacamac temple is an archaeological site outside of Lima. At least 17 pyramids built by the Incas have been found there. It was a religous site for the Incas to worship the creator god. Fun fact- A character in the video game Sonic Adventure was named Pachacamac after the ancient ruins. Quechua is the name of a group of people who live in the Andes and the language that they speak. Approximately 10 million people speak Quechua. There are 25 regions in Peru. Each region has an elected government and is composed of a president and council that serve for 4 years. These regions are subdivided into provinces, which are composed of districts.
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