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Formulating Sustainability

NYSCC Formulation Seminar
by

Kseniya Popova

on 27 February 2013

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Transcript of Formulating Sustainability

"Command and Control" Nature Unlimited Resources
and Sinks Paradox of the Duel Mandate A System The Parts A Non-summative Whole Relationships Self-Organization Turning
Point Limits to Growth? The Anthropocene Paradigm shift Systems Thinking Society Environment Compounding and reinforcing Exponential Growth Beauty as Goal Beauty awakens the soul to act.
- Dante Alighieri Seeing the forest AND the tree Feedback Non-linearity Boundaries Reinforcing feedbacks are all
processes that generate their
own growth or decay Balancing feedbacks are processes that
counteract and oppose change Plus sign indicates that the effect of the
feedback is positively related to the cause A minus sign indicates that the effect is negatively related to the cause "Externalities" Linear, Reductionist thinking Short-term focus Lack of holistic perspective Failure of Systems Thinking Policy Resistance Narrow mental boundaries Inherent Uncertainty and Surprises Interconnectedness Nature's Complexity Exponential Growth Economic + Population Unsustainability Unanticipated "side-effects" Challenge Opportunity 1. The use of environment and resources to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
Bruntland Commision Report 1987 2. The possibility that human and other life will flourish on the Earth forever.
Ehrenfeld 2008 Sustainability 3. A process that is farseeing enough, flexible enough, and wise enough not to undermine the social-ecological systems of support
Meadows et al. 2004
4. A cultural adaptation made by society as it becomes aware of the emerging necessity of non-growth
(Herman Daly 1993) Economy Environment Society 1. The use of environment and resources to meet the needs
of the present without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs.
- Bruntland Commision Report 1987 2. The possibility that human and other life will flourish on the Earth forever.
- Ehrenfeld 2008 3. A process that is farseeing enough, flexible
enough, and wise enough not to undermine
the social-ecological systems of support.
- Meadows et al. 2004 4. A cultural adaptation made by society as it becomes aware of the emerging necessity of non-growth.
- Herman Daly 1993 3. A process that is farseeing enough, flexible
enough, and wise enough not to undermine
the social-ecological systems of support.
- Meadows et al. 2004 Economy Paper folding task Inflow Outflow Herman Daly's principles:

For a renewable resource – soil, water, forest, fish – the sustainable rate of use can be no greater than the rate of regeneration of its source.

For a nonrenewable resource – fossil fuel, high-grade mineral ores, fossil groundwater – the sustainable rate of use can be no greater than the rate at which a renewable resource, used sustainably, can be substituted for it.

For a pollutant the sustainable rate of emission can be no greater than the rate at which that pollutant can be recycled, absorbed, or rendered harmless in its sink. Cod Fishery Collapse Carrying Capacity Resilience Symbiotic relationship Linear
One Cause
Dictate
Bureaucracy
Predictability
Mechanistic Network
Multi-Causality
Empower
Community
Emergence
Ecological Your heart, your body, the beehive, the forest, an organization, a shampoo Cells in your heart, your organs,
bees in a hive, trees in a forest,
people in an organization,
surfactant molecules Image by Nicolas Smith, British Heart Foundation Interactions Emergent Behavior Stock Bathtub Dynamics
Interconnections CO2 Cycle Dynamics 9.5 billion metric tons a year 5 billion metric tons a year 45 % stays in the atmosphere
30 % absorbed by plants and soils
25 % absorbed by oceans current level - almost 400 ppm
pre-industrial level - 270 ppm Kseniya Popova
NYSCC Formulation Seminar
Feb 20, 2013 Formulating Sustainability Ecosystem Services Further Reading Meadows and Wright, Thinking in Systems 2008 L. Martin, An Introduction to Feedback 1997 Limitless Growth Shampoo Rheology S. Freeman and J. Herron, Evolutionary Analysis 2003 J. Holdren, Science and Technology for Sustainable Well-Being 2008 Brown et al., Energetic Limits to Economic Growth 2011 Can modern technology feed a world of nine billion people or thereabouts in 2050? Yes it can, if the agricultural sector is provided with sufficient land, energy, water, advanced technology equipment, and a suitable regulatory structure. Can sufficient energy be supplied to serve the needs of nine billion people or thereabouts in 2050? Yes it can, if the energy sector is provided with sufficient land, water, advanced technology equipment, and a suitable regulatory structure. Can sufficient water be supplied to serve the needs of nine billion people or thereabouts in 2050? Yes it can, if the water sector is provided with sufficient energy and advanced technology equipment. Can the nonrenewable resource sector supply the materials needed by the advanced technology sector in meeting the needs of nine billion people or thereabouts in 2050? Yes it can, if the sector is provided with sufficient land access, energy, water, and a suitable regulatory structure. T. Graedel and E. van der Voet, Linkages of Sustainability 2010 Competing and Overlapping Goals J. Sterman, Sustaining Sustainability 2012 J. Rockstrom et al, Planetary Boundaries 2009 Thank You! Coupled Socio-Ecological Systems Balancing Feedback Change in Mental Models Systems Thinking Flexible and adaptive learning Function 0.1 mm x 2^42 = 440,000 km or 273,000 miles Quality of connections Value and Meaning M. Lima, Visualizing Complexity 2011 source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-Newtonian_fluid Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Transparency Trandsiciplinarity Diversity Complexity Change References Photo by Jim Zuckerman Photo by tash23, Deviantart.com Photo by 12slauth-d5itlvx, Deviantart.com Photo by mjagiellicz, Deviantart.com Bolonga, G. 2008. Global Environmental Change and the Challenge of Sustainability. Development 51: 338-43.
Brown, J., Burnside, W., Davidson, A., DeLong, J., Dunn, W., Hamilton, M., Nekola, J., Okie, J., Mercado- Silva, N., Woodruff, W., & Zuo, W. 2011. Energetic limits to economic growth. Bioscience 61(1): 19–26.
Chapin III, F.S., S.R. Carpenter, G.P. Kofinas, C. Folke, N. Abel, W.C. Clark, P. Olsson, D.M. Stafford Smith, et al. 2009. Ecosystem stewardship: Sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25: 241-249.
Ehrenfeld, J. 2008. "Chapter 5: A Radical Notion of Sustainability." Sustainability by Design: A Subversive Strategy for Transforming Our Consumer Culture. New Haven: Yale UP. 48-57. Print.
Esposito, J. 2012. Sustainable Development: Straddling the Divide between Two Worldviews. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development. 4(12): 97-112 Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2158837
Fagin, D. 2012. The Learning Curve. Nature. 490: 462-465.
Folke, C. 2006. Resilience: The Emergence of a Perspective for Social–ecological Systems Analyses.  Global Environmental Change 16: 253-67.
Graedel, T. E., van der Voet, E. 2010. Linkages of Sustainability. Cambridge, MA: MIT. Print.
Holdren, J.P. 2008. Science and Technology for Sustainable Well-Being. Science. 319: 424-434.
Kim, J., Oki, T. 2011. Visioneering: an essential framework in sustainability science. Sustain Sci 6: 247-251.
MEA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment). 2005. Ecosystems and human well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Meadows, D., Randers, J., Meadows, D. 2004. The limits to growth: the thirty year update. Chelsea Green, White River Junction, VT. Print.
Meadows, D., Wright, D. 2008. Thinking in systems: a primer. Chelsea Green, White River Junction, VT. Print.
Martin, L.A. 1997. An Introduction to Feedback. MIT Systems Dynamics in Education Project. MIT.
Rockström, J., W. Steffen, K. Noone, Å. person, F.S. Chapin III, E.F. Lambin, T.M. Lenton, M. Scheffer, et al. 2009b. Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society 14: 32.
Schellnhuber, H.J. 1999. ‘Earth System’ analysis and the second Copernican revolution. Nature 402: C19-C23.
Steffen, W., Sanderson, A., Tyson, P., Jager, J., Matson, P., Moore III, B., Oldfield, F., Richardson, K., Schellnhuber, H., Turner II, B., & Wasson, R. 2005. Global Change and the Earth System, a Planet Under Pressure. New York: Springer.
Steffen, W., Persson, A., Deutsch, S., Zalasiewicz, J., Williams M., Richardson, K., Crumley, C., Crutzen, P., Folke, C., Gordon, L., Molina, M., Ramanathan, V., Rockstrom, J., Scheffer, M., Schellnhuber, H., and Svedin, U. 2011. The Anthropocene: from global change to planetary stewardship. Ambio 40(7):739–761.
Sterman, J. 2002. All models are wrong: reflections on becoming a systems scientist. System Dynamics Review 18(4):501–531.
Sterman, J. 2012. Sustaining sustainability: creating a systems science in a fragmented academy and polarized world. In M. Weinstein & R. Turner (Eds.), Sustainability Science: The Emerging Paradigm and the Urban Environment. pp. 35–73. New York: Springer.
Turner, R. 2012. Sustainability: more about the toolmaker than the tools. In M. Weinstein & R. Turner (Eds.), Sustainability Science: The Emerging Paradigm and the Urban Environment. pp. 415–430. New York: Springer.
Weinstein M., Turner R., & Ibáñez C. 2012. The global sustainability transition: it is more than changing light bulbs. Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy 9(1):4-15. Published online Nov 12, 2012. http://sspp.proquest.com/archives/vol9iss1/1203-005.weinstein.html Emergent Properties Image by Elizabeth Ehler, British Heart Foundation Video by kim kelvin siazon, YouTube.com Image by Michele Westmorland, Westmorland Images LLC Source: Fagin D. The Learning Curve, 2012 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005 Steffen et al, Global Change and the Earth System 2005
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