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Bullying

Security Health Plan
by

Megan Heier

on 2 August 2013

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Transcript of Bullying

Myths
-Bullies are the unpopular kids at school

-The tough and aggressive bullies are anxious and insecure individuals who use bullying as a means of compensating poor self-esteem

Facts
National Education Association estimates that more than 160,000 children stay home from school every day because of bullying

Nearly 30 percent of students who reported being bullied at least once or twice at school during the 2010-11 school year, fewer than 40 percent told an adult at school about it

Research and surveys indicate that as many as half of all children are bullied at some time during their school years

1 in 4 teachers see nothing wrong with bullying and will only intervene 4 percent of the time.

2005-2011 Bulling incidence remained the same
Resiliency
No one else has the power to make us feel bad about ourselves
it's our responsibility to filter out the stuff that people say that's inaccurate or rude

"Words only have the power I give them"

"Bullies aren't cool" - promoting hate

Instead of changing the world around them- focus on the victims themselves




Reducing Bully Retaliation
1. Have child to deal with bully directly

2. Have child consider what bully really wants

3. Have child respond to bully as they would a friend
Teachers don't know how to act

Victims are told to tell authority then the problem only becomes worse
Discussion
If your child was being bullied, what would you do?


Bullying vs Teasing
Bullying
-Pattern of behavior
-Imbalence of power

Teasing
-If you asked them to stop, they would
-Teasing goes both ways
-Have a close relationship with them

The Problem


1. “not my concern.”
2. fear of the consequences
3. responsibility is (or should be) with the victim “they should stick up for themselves”
4. personal action to stop the bullying would be useless, or might even make matters worse

Reasons for not helping victim
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual- 4x more likely
Disabilities- 2-3x more likely
Overweight

Low self esteem
Less popular
Perceived as weak

Vulnerability
70% Online
69% Hallways
64% Cafeterias
54% Classrooms

Cyberbulling
24/7
Anonymous and distributed quickly
Deleting difficult
Computer
Phones
Internet
Wisconsin Laws
(1) By March 1, 2010, the department shall do all of the following:

(a) Develop a model school policy on bullying by pupils. The policy shall include all of the following:

1. A definition of bullying.

2. A prohibition on bullying.

3.
A procedure for reporting bullying that allows reports to be made confdentially
.

4. A
prohibition against a pupil retaliating against another pupil for reporting an incident of bullying
.

5. A
procedure for investigating reports of bullying
. The procedure shall identify the school district employee in each school who is responsible for conducting the investigation and require that the parent or guardian of each pupil involved in a bullying incident be notified.

6. A requirement that school
district officials and employees report incidents of bullying
and identify the persons to whom the reports must be made.

7. A list of disciplinary alternatives for pupils that engage in bullying or who retaliate against a pupil who reports an incident of bullying.

8. An identification of the school-related events at which the policy applies.

9. An identification of the property owned, leased, or used by the school district on which the policy applies.

10. An identification of the vehicles used for pupil transportation on which the policy applies.

(b)
Develop a model education and awareness program on bullying
.

(c) Post the model policy under par. (a) and the model program under par. (b) on its Internet site.

(2) 
By August 15, 2010, each school board shall adopt a policy prohibiting bullying by pupils
. The school board may adopt the model policy under sub. (1) (a). The school board shall provide a copy of the policy to any person who requests it. Annually, the school board shall distribute the policy to all pupils enrolled in the school district and to their parents or guardians.
Parents can be ticketed by police, fined over $100 for child's bullying

May 20th, 2013

For parents unwilling to cooperate


FOX News

Monona WI
The Solution
Amanda Todd
Liz Heier- Age 13
Marshfield Middle School
What is the School Doing?
Unit in Health Class- how to cope
Posters
Have you ever been bullied?
Pigeon toed- teased- "have a good mom that says not to worry about it"
Does bullying occur at school?
mainly internet- facebook, instagram
lunchroom- girls not eating-"anorexic"


What Doesn't Work
"No tolerance" policies ignore the fact that some teasing and unkind behavior to others is part of typical development
-schools over reacting to certain events

Conflict Resolution

Group therapy for bullies
Outline
What is bullying?

Problems

Solutions
Sonia recently moved to Lincoln Heights and just finished her first week at the local middle school. At 5 feet 8 inches, she towered over most of the students in her seventh grade class. While looking for a place to sit during lunch, another student called to her, “Hey, shorty, there’s a spot over here!” Sonia paused for a moment and another girl from the group waved her over. “Don’t pay attention to her,” she told Sonia. “That’s just the way we talk to each other. They call me Einstein because I got all C’s on my last report card.”


Harmless teasing or hurtful language? Why?

Scenario 1
Scenario 2
For years, Angel has made fun of his best friend, Dave’s, peanut butter obsession. “You’d eat my gym sock if it was covered in peanut butter,” he once told Dave. One day in science lab, the students designed mazes to test the intelligence of white mice. When the teacher told the class that they would be baiting the mazes with peanut butter, Angel called out, “Better be careful—Dave might get to the end of the maze before the mice!” The other students broke out in laughter.


Harmless teasing or hurtful language? Why?
New Theory
Roll of Health Care Providers
Primary Prevention
-violence prevention
-encourage resiliency
-assist parents in raising non-violent children

Secondary Prevention
-screen for bullying during visits
-look for school phobia, mood, depression, withdrawn manner
Recognizing Clinical Signs
Illness to avoid school
Change in eating habits
Weight loss/gain
Unexplained cuts, bruises
Trouble sleeping
Frequent headaches, stomach
Anxiety, sadness, depression
Talk of suicide

Helping Your Child
Reassure your child
Learn the facts
Let authorities know
Encourage safe activities and friendships
Use role play
Have a safety plan

43% of teens reported that they have experienced cyberbullying

75% of teens (ages 12-17) have a cell phone (including 58% of 12-year olds)

95% of teens go online

27% of teens report that their parents have no idea what they are doing online
What is
Imbalance of Power

Repetition

Verbal, Physical, Social




Health Care Providers
Schools
Parents
School-wide component- training, awareness, monitoring

Classroom component- reinforced school-wide rules, building social and emotional skills

Intervention component- students who are frequent targets or perpetrators


Research Indicates
Multifaceted approaches
Share an experience where you have been bullied or perhaps a bully yourself or been accused. What was the impact and how does it affect you today?


Alternate View Point
Bully's are like hackers
Show you where your bugs are and allows you to fix them

Keep communication open

Encourage kids to do what they love

Be a good role model
Limit access

Know what your children are doing

Give them advice
Bullying
Bulling-Depression-Suicide
5x more likely to self-harm

Links to violence- school shootings

Conflicting data- shootings result of bullying or mental disorders?


If your child was being bullied,
What would you do?
Start in grade school

Change culture and climate of school

Continuous complete effort

Include in curriculum

Budget with administrative support
School social workers

Parent/teacher committee
Who should Delegate?
Target
avoid school
may retaliate
feel lonely and humiliated
Bully
miss out on learning
grow into adult bullies
become involved in criminal activity
Bystander
may participate in bullying
worry about being next target

Consequences
What are other health plans doing?
Affinity Health Plan and Sinergia Shine the Light on Bullying “Unity Day” event will feature a Bullying Prevention Forum, a Presentation by the NYPD and a Poster Contest

Majority provide information
Perceived as being "different"
Conclusion
No one solution to bullying

Every situation is different

Embrace Diversity!

Take Action
Community Role- Recommendations
Collect Comprehensive Data- assess where, when

Education programs for parents

Partner with schools to implement bullying programs- train staff

Incorporate youth activities



Form of Violence


Maintenance of Certification. (2013). Retrieved from American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry:
http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Resource_Centers/ Bullying_Resource_Center/FAQ.aspx


Parents can be ticketed, fined for child's bullying in Wisconsin town. (2013, June). Retrieved from Fox News:
http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2013/06/04/parents-can-be-ticketed-fined-for-child-bullying-in-wisconsin-town/


Block, R. W. (n.d.). The Clinician’s Response to. Retrieved July 2013, from American Academy of Pediatrics:
http://nhcva.org/files/2011/09/Block-Presentation2.pdf


Christopher Ferguson, C. S. (2007). The Effectiveness of School-Based. Criminal Justice Review, V32 (4) 401-414.

Cynthia Haines, G. N. (2012, January). Bullies: Helping Your Child Cope. Retrieved July 2013, from Security Health Plan:
https://securityhealth.staywellsolutionsonline.com/Search/1,4488


Ken Rigby, B. J. (2007). Playground Heros. Retrieved July 2013, from Greater Good- University of California Berkeley:
http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/playground_heroes


Koucky. (n.d.). Healthy Peer Relationships. Retrieved July 2013, from WordPress:
http://healthypeerrelationships.wordpress.com/day-1/friendly-teasing-or-hurtful-bullying/


Maddi, S. R. (2003, December). Turning Lemons into Lemonade: Hardiness Helps People Turn Stressful Circumstances into Opportunities. Retrieved July 2013, from
American Psycological Association: http://www.apa.org/research/action/lemon.aspx


Marlene D. Melzer-Lange, R. W. (2005). Bullying Prevention: Wisconsin Takes a Stand. Retrieved from Wisconsin Medical Journal:
http://www.wifamilyties.org/year2009/Wisconsin_Medical_Jrnl_Article_on_Bullying_Prevention.pdf


NYOS. (n.d.). Stop Bullying. Retrieved July 2013, from National Organizations for Youth Saftey: http://www.noys.org/mydocuments/noys_bullying_toolkit_final_1.pdf


Policy on Bullying. (n.d.). Retrieved July 2013, from Wisconsin Legislative Documents: https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/statutes/118/46


Robert Berlin, D. J. (2011). Best Practices in Bullying Prevention and Intervention. Wheaton: County of Du Page.


Swearer, S. (2010, April). Bullying: What Parents, Teachers Can Do to Stop it. Retrieved July 2013, from American Psychological Association:
http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2010/04/bullying.aspx



Wang, X.-X. (2012, May). Dealing with Bullying. Retrieved July 2013, from Music Life Philosophy: http://musiclifephilosophy.com/articles/bullying
Works Cited
Bystander Effect
"Diffusion of responsibility"

Presence of others hinders an individual from intervening in an emergency situation


Comebacks Activity
No Reaction

Agreement

Strong and Assertive
"thank you for sharing that with me"

"if you think so"

"knock it off"
Name-calling
Inappropriate sexual comments
Spreading rumors
Rude hand gestures
Purposely excluding
Tripping
Stealing
Teasing
Georgia State University- Meta Analysis
Absence of effective incentives for bullies

Population and timing

50% genetic, 50% non genetic
Anti-social, violence

Publication Bias


Current Programs
Olweus- involves the community
partnerships, committee members, spread the message

Assess readiness

Seen success across the US
Full transcript