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How did revolution lead the colonies toward independence?
Transcript of How did revolution lead the colonies toward independence?
The Declaration of Independence
The Declaration and Democratic Concepts
One of the most revolutionary documents in world history
It proposed that the new nation would be based on the belief that people have certain rights that NO government can take away
It inspired other nations to examine their own beliefs
In the 1800's the Declaration was used to argue against slavery
In the 1960's the Declaration was used to support the equality of minority groups
It was used as the basis for the French Revolution's Declaration of the Right's of Man and Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Battles of the Revolutionary War: Militia were unwilling to fight far from home. How might this both help and harm the American cause?
Branding the Revolution: How do these symbols boost morale?
The Declaration of Independence: Why do you think Jefferson had to change the wording more than once?
The Revolutionary War
The first battle of the Revolutionary War: Battle of Lexington
British and Americans faced off
"No turning back"
The Americans knew they needed to pull together an army
Under George Washington (who became the 1st President), the revolutionaries put together a sizable force: the Continental Army
Battle of Bunker Hill: first American victory
A re-enactment of the Battle of Lexington
"These United States"
The unity of Government, which constitutes you one people....is a main pillar in....your real independence, the support of...your peace abroad; of your safety; of your prosperity; of that very Liberty, which you so highly prize. But...much pains will be taken...to weaken in your minds the conviction of this truth...You have a common cause fought and triumphed together; the Independence and Liberty you possess are the work of joint counsels, and joint efforts, of common dangers, sufferings and successes...every portion of our country finds the most commanding motives for carefully guarding and preserving the Union as a whole.
"The United States"
We drew the spirit of liberty from our British ancestors; by that spirit we have triumphed over every difficulty: But now, Sir, the American Spirit, assisted by the ropes and chains of consolidation, is about to convert this country to a powerful and mighty empire: If you make the citizens of this country agree to become the subjects of one great consolidated empire of America, your Government will not have sufficient energy to keep the together....And yet who know the dangers that this new system ay produce; they rae out of the sight of the ocmmon people: They cannot foresee atent consequences: I dread the operation of it on the middling and lower class of people: It is for them I fear the adoption of this system.
Branding the Revolution
The Star Spangled Banner
The Rattle Snake
The Liberty Bell
The Liberty Tree
page 172-3 in Crossroads
Attack on Quebec
The Leaders of the Continental Army knew the northern boundary would need to be defended.
This was going to be arduous
They suspected British troops might come through Quebec to attack
Winter, 1775: Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold tried and failed to seize Quebec
This convinced many Canadiennes to remain loyal to Britain
Answer the following questions using the two sources on page 177 in Crossroads.
1. Identify the thesis statement of George Washington and Patrick Henry. Next, identify the specific details they use to support their ideas.
2. Who makes a stronger argument, Washington or Henry? Explain what evidence solidified your opinion.
The American Revolution still lacked clear focus
The fighting continued and the delegates of the Continental Congress continued to meet
Many delegates did not want to break away from England
They wanted a stronger constitutional monarchy
Many others argued that complete independence was the only option
Some even argued that each colony should be independent from each other
Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams wrote a statement that would declare American Independence
This convinced the Continental Congress that complete independence was best
How did the revolution lead the colonies towards independence?
Homework: Read pages 179 - 184 in Crossroads