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Emile Durkheim

A stunning report on an incredible contributor to the field of sociology

Caleb Sypkes

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Emile Durkheim

"A Pioneer of Sociology" Emile Durkheim Biography Born: April 15th, 1858
Died: November 15th 1917 Emile was born in Lorraine, France
His family had a history in the Jewish
church as rabbis but Emile had no interest in that profession As a matter of fact he decided at a young age
to turn away from the Jewish religion and lead a
secular life. This immediately set him apart from his family, and this was one of the many aspects of Emile's life that made him
different from others. On his third attempt, Emile was accepted into Ecole Normale Superieure, a prestigious school with many academically advanced students. However, he was uninterested in humanistic studies such as psychology and philosophy but instead loved ethics and sociology.
The school had neither the time nor resources to teach the subjects so Emile finished second to last in his class. Emilie Durkheim was one of the first people who noticed that there were patterns within our culture, and identified trends as they changed with the complexity of society. Instead he invested time and effort into doing his own research Major Contributions Sociology is, then, not an auxiliary of any other science; it is itself a distinct and autonomous science.
—Émile Durkheim Established Sociology as an academic discipline and legitimate science Setting up the first European department of sociology and becoming France's first professor in sociology
Writing journals and publishing books on the topic
Conducting tests and experiments in the field He did this through: His view was taken through the lens of structural functionalism He viewed society differently than the vast majority of those also studying in his field The totality of beliefs and sentiments common to the average members of a society forms a determinate system with a life of its own. It can be termed the collective or common consciousness.—Emile Durkheim He introduced the concept that society is primarily formed by social facts A social fact is every way of acting...which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in its own right independent of its individual manifestations.
—Émile Durkheim, The Rules of Sociological Method Social Fact: Social facts are Durkheim's way of seeing how society works. He believed that social facts were what society accepted as normal and they primarily controlled the way in which all citizens behave. In English... It is the idea that society is to be looked at as a single structure, holistically. It says that society "works" due to the fact that every part does its given task for the good of society. Structural functionalism This was uncommon as many others were focusing on the individual person in fields such as psychology or philosophy. Psychology Sociology Durkheim's Main Studies Emile looked at the suicide rates between Catholics and Protestants. He found that because there was a stronger social control in Catholic churches, there were also lower suicide rates.

There are flaws with his findings, but his work on it was not done it vain, as it is often mentioned as a classic sociological study, and has influenced proponents of control theory. Durkheim's Study on Religion Durkheim studied not only what society is, but what holds it together.
He came to the conclusion, that religion is the most powerful way to bond people in community. And although it was losing significance for Durheim and his society, he believed that it was a foundation for our society and a primary way to understand our world In Conclusion... Emile Durkheim was one of the first people to study about and dive into the extensive field of sociology
He changed how many people looked at society, pointing out what it is, and what it is made of He also studied and reported on how a society effects its members and how it is held together Dukheim was a key factor in the expansion and the development of the study of sociology
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