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Social Structures

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Cimoria Gem

on 22 October 2013

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Transcript of Social Structures

African Social Structures
What is Social Structure?
Social structure is the distinctive, stable arrangement of institutions whereby human beings in a society interact and live together. ("social structure." © Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.. Encyclopedia Britannica, )
The main factor that differentiates people in Nigeria is occupation.
In rural areas, most people were farmers.
The most prestigious work in rural areas was public administration.
("Nigeria Social Structure." Nigeria Social Structure)

Tutsis, Hutus, and Twas
The Tutsis were ranked the highest
The Hutus and the Twas were at the bottom
("Rwanda: The Origins of Social Class." Ourgrations)
Kinship groups are ranked precisely along a superior/inferior continuum
Ranking reflects the perceived power of ancestors
Society remains divided into unequal social groups based on descent
Social values demonstrate an awareness of hierarchy and place
("Social Structure and Family in MADAGASCAR." Wild Madagascar.)
Ciara Graham, Quentin Lewis, and ZaCouria McGowan
The ancient Egyptian people were grouped in a hierarchical system.
Pharaohs were superior to farmers and slaves
Top of society were the richest and most powerful.
("The Egyptians - Society." History on the Net)
South Africa
Works Cited
Apartheid placed whites above blacks in society
The South Africa Act took away political rights from blacks
7.3% of land given to blacks; 80% of population
("Apartheid Timeline." UN News Center)
"Apartheid Timeline." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.

"Nigeria Social Structure." Nigeria Social Structure. N.p., 27 Mar. 2005. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.

"Rwanda: The Origins of Social Class." Rwanda: The Origins of Social Class. Ourgrations, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.

"The Egyptians - Society." History on the Net. N.p., 10 July 2012. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.

Butler, Rhett. "Social Structure and Family in MADAGASCAR." Wild Madagascar. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.

"7b. Mali: A Cultural Center." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2013.

Ancient Mali
Organization was similar to a caste system
People are born into their destinies
Power was kept within the royal family
("7b. Mali: A Cultural Center." Ushistory.org.)
Past Misconception: I think Africa is economically struggling.
New Argument: Africa contains many people that are wealthy. (Ex: Egypt, Nigeria, Ancient Mali)
Past Misconception: I think all of Africa's social structures are created by white people.
New Argument: The bases for Africa's social structure varies in each country, but whites have created some of the social structure in Africa as well. (Example: Mali, Madagascar, and Rwanda)
Past Misconception: I think that the majority of African people are lacking jobs.
New Argument: Most African people are apart of the working class, with only a few people that are not working. (Nigeria, Rwanda, and Egypt)
Class Questions
1. What different ways are used to classify social classes in Africa?
2. How does social structure display the organization, education, and government system of Africa and its people. (Use examples to support your claim)
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