Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Functionalist approaches to translation theory

No description
by

Claudia Koch-McQuillan

on 18 May 2012

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Functionalist approaches to translation theory

Functionalist approaches to TT Equivalence-oriented (linguistic) approaches Jakobson (1950s)
Catford (1960s)
Nida (1960s)
Vinay/Darbelnet (1970s)
Wilss (1970s)
Koller (1980-) Descriptive translation studies Hermans (1980s)
Manipulation School (1980s)
Even-Zohar (1980s)
Toury (1980-)
Chesterman (1990-)
Lefevere (1990s) Function & loyalty Key concerns:
ST reproduction
message invariance
faithfulness
equivalence
translation procedures Problems:
Definition of equivalence
Early stages: narrow focus Solution: Extension of focus
Pragmatics
Text linguistics (text in situation and culture) Key concerns:
TT orientation
norms and laws of translation process
methodology of TS
rejection of equivalence concept
critique of narrow linguistic focus Cultural studies Bassnett
Lefevere
Venuti
Feminist translation
Gay translation (all 1990s-) Key concerns:
Rejection of intrinsic, stable meaning of ST
Focus on text function
Equivalence > adequacy
Focus on intercultural communication
Focus on translator as expert
View of translation as a social and cognitive (as well as linguistic) activity "Texts are produced and received with a specific purpose, or function, in mind. The starting point for any translation is therefore not the linguistic surface structure of the ST, but the purpose of the TT."
(Schäffner, 2001) Reiß/Vermeer (1970s-)
Holz-Mänttäri (1980s)
Hönig/Kußmaul (1980s-)
Snell-Hornby (1980s-)
Nord (1990s)
Schmitt (1990s)
Göpferich (1990s-) Skopos Translatorial action "The end justifies the means."
(Reiß/Vermeer, 1984) Translator is an "expert for the production of transcultural message transmitters which [...] are used by clients in their communicative actions."
(Holz-Mänttäri, 1984) "Loyalty limits the range of justifiable TT functions for one particular ST and raises the need for a negotiation of the translation assignment between translators and their clients."
(Nord, 1997) Strengths Recognition of text as being situated in a communicative and cultural context
Recognition of translator role
Reflection of practical aspects of translation
Framework for translation decisions
Use for translator training Criticism Terminology/lack of originality of theory
Lack of empirical basis (only observation of translation practice)
Lack of respect for original ("dethronement")
"Mercenary" translators
Cultural relativism (<-> "anti-universalism") Placement Details Critique Integrated approach "Prototypological framework"
Stratificational model References Prunc, E., Einführung in die Translationswissenschaft, 2nd ed. 2002, Graz Translation Studies, self-published with the support of Graz University
Schäffner, C., Annotated Texts for Translation:English-German (Functionalist approaches illustrated), 2001, Multilingual Matters Ltd, Clevedon
Snell-Hornby, M., Hönig, H., Kußmaul, P., Schmitt, P., Handbuch Translation, 2nd ed., 2006, Stauffenburg Verlag Brigitte Narr GmbH, Tübingen
Nord, C., Translating as a purposeful activity:Functionalist approaches explained, 1997, St.Jerome Publishing, Manchester
Munday, J., Introducing Translation Studies, 2008, Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon (UK) Necessary degree of differentiation
Full transcript