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Actual risk vs. perceived risk in surfing.
Transcript of Actual risk vs. perceived risk in surfing.
in surfing References Unknown/ influences Control Confidence / anxiety Perceived risk
Surfing People/ competence Environment/surf spots Activity and equipment Actual Risk
Surfing Risk Conclusion Keala Kennelly (professional surfer) (Surf board fin injury,2012) (Surfing collision,2011) (Collision with reef,2012) "Risk plays about as pivotal a role in experiential education as oxygen does in sustaining the human body" (Liddle, 1998:61) -society has a more familiar understanding of generic sports.
-Lower perception of risk for football, rugby etc .
-Society and media influences public perception
- lack of knowledge and education The further knowledge one entails about a selected activity, the more acceptably they are to risks involved. Segal and Sandman, (1990)
- perceived lack of control in the water "If your inside your physical body and inside your mental body at the moment you're usually fine, but if your think about what could happen, 'whats going to happen if i wipe out and the next ones going to get me', that's all fear."
(Slater, 2004, cited in Bennet, 2004:251) Bennet, R. (2004) The surfers mind: the complete, prectical guide to surf psychology. Australia : Griffen press.
Chin injury. 2012. [online image] Available at: http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=off&tbo=d&biw=1092&bih=533&tbm=isch&tbnid=ZMTXiDxjP_Cx3M:&imgrefurl=http://blog.surf-prevention.com/2009/01/21/surfing-related-accidents-epidemiology-and-prevention. [Accessed January 5th 2013].
Disckson, T. and Dolnicar, S. (2004) No risk, no fun: The role of perceived risk in adventure tourism. Wollongong: CAUTHE . [Online] Available from: http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1256&context=commpapers [accessed 5 January 2013]
Haddock, C. (1993) Managing risk in outdoor activities. Wellington: New Zealand Mountain Safety Council.
Keala Kennelly facial injury. 2012 [online image] Available at: http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=off&tbo=d&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=waE7TkxyH9SoSM:&imgrefurl=http://www.surfertoday.com/surfing. [Accessed January 5th 2013].
Solvic, P. (1990) The Legitimacy of Public Perceptions of Risk. Journal of Pesticide Reform. Vol. 10, No. 1: 13-15.
Segal, M. and Sandman, P. (1990) Is it worth the worry? determining risk. Washington: FDA Consumer.
Surfing collision.2012. [online image] Available at: http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?start=119&num=10&um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=910&bih=416&tbm=isch&tbnid=kns7bdpCX9otjM:&imgrefurl=http://forum.surfermag.com. [accessed January 5th 2013].
Waves blue.2012 [online image] Available at: http://www.wallsave.com/wallpaper/1920x1080/waves-blue-x-more-84754.html[accessed January 5th 2013].
-Knowing your limits
- Large waves
The highest risk in the water derives from other surfers.
- lack of experience / confidence (beginners)
- over estimating ability/ limitations
-Observing the situation
- Reckless surfers
- fitness (drowning)
- Extremely challenging environment
- Lack of knowledge regarding the ocean
- surf spots “sensationalism has fooled surfing the
novice surfing enthusiast that the only
wave worth surfing is pipe line”
(Orbelian, 1982:88). - wipe outs
-Injuries from the nose and tail of the board.
- Board control -Perceived risk - The Individuals judgement of the activity.
-Actual risk - The amount of risk which actually exists.
- No risk, No adventure, No fun. Disckson and Dolnicar (2004)
- People seek risk as part of the experience.
-Real risk in surfing is related to the environment and others.
-Perceived risk is commonly due to the unknown, and lack of knowledge.
- lack of experience