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Trail of Tears
Transcript of Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears
AJ (Andrew Jackson)
Starting point of the
Trail of Tears
The Choctaw tribe were the first Native American (in 1831) that was removed because of the act.
This removal became a model for the rest of the Native American removal
Over the next 6 years, 4 more Native American tribes(Seminole, Creek, Chickasaw, Cherokee) will be forced to move from their native lands to the West.
By 1837, 46,000 Native Americans were forced to leave and settle in Indian Territory (History.com)
What happened in the Trail of Tears?
Almost all of the Native American tribe moved to the eastern side of Oklahoma, later called the Indian Territory
From this trail over 4,000 Native Americans died because of poor resources, cold weather, and diseases
The Cherokee tribe lost 1/4 of their people during the relocation.
Most historians see this as Andrew Jackson worst part in his 8-year presidency
Also, most historians think this was more of a genocide against the Native Americans than a relocation because of the amount of people that died. (PBS.org)
Results of Trail of Tears
What is my topic?
Who caused it?
Was born into poverty on March 15, 1767 in Waxhaws, South Carolina
At age 13, he join in the American Revolution and soon was a general in the War of 1812 (Battle of New Orleans), which soon made him a popular war hero
After that he started his political career
Martin Van Buren and him made the Democratic Republican Party (AKA Democratic Party)
He lost the political race against John Quincy Adams in 1820, but later beat him in 1824
He was strongly against Natives Americans and blacks.
Started because of Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830
There were five tribes affected by this act were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek (commonly known as the Creek), and Seminole.
These tribes were also called the "Five Civilized Tribes" collectively; they were living as autonomous nations (means that they ruled themselves instead of the USA)
The territory that the five tribes owned became known as the "American Deep South"
After continuously abusing the powers of presidency (commander of the army), he used military force to remove the helpless Native Americans
The Trail of Tears
Why did I select this topic?
In middle school, I already had to research paper on the Creek tribe from that I had already got some insight on Jackson and the Trail of Tears
Why is this topic important to American history?
It is important because this was the first time in American history were a President became the closest thing to a dictator and many people died because of the American greed of land
Was the online credible?
Yes; PBS.org, History.com, Trailoftears.org were all credible sources
Which source was the most helpful? Why?
The most helpful source was History.com because it loaded with fascinating information on the Trail of Tears that I never knew about like that the removal act was magnified due to population and slavery
What was the most interesting thing I learned about my topic?
That only 5 Native American Tribes relocated to the Indian Territory
What lessons I learned about my topic?
While researching my topic, I learned some lessons in the topic such as, that if you are going to move a lot of people in the winter 15,000 miles than give them nessecary materials to move instead of sending them with nothing like Jackson did.
"A Journey of Injustice." Trail of Tears National Historic Trail - Trail Of Tears National Historical Trail. National Park Service, 18 Oct. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2012.
History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2012. Web. 13 Jan. 2013.
PBS. "Trail of Tears." PBS. PBS, 2000. Web. 13 Jan. 2013.History Org. "Trail of Tears."
(From 1830 - 1840)