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Psycho-Analytic Theory

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Terri-Jo Scott

on 26 October 2012

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Transcript of Psycho-Analytic Theory

Psycho-Analytic Theory Psychoanalytic Theory is a general idea stating that the reasons behind criminal behaviour can be found in the mind of the individual. It is the result of a mental disturbance that is believed the happen when there is a
conflict between the id, the ego, and the superego, or if there is an "improper fixation"
during a stage of emotional development. This theory was created by Sigmund Freud, and it has to do with the therapy that is a long technique that explores the patients mind and unconscious thoughts. It is important to look at conflict and issues in the mind that may come from early psychosexual development. Detractors of the Theory John F. Kihlstrom

“Freud's cultural influence is based, at least implicitly, on the premise that his theory is scientifically valid. But from a scientific point of view, classical Freudian psychoanalysis is dead as both a theory of the mind and a mode of therapy (Crews, 1998; Macmillan, 1996). No empirical evidence supports any specific proposition of psychoanalytic theory, such as the idea that development proceeds throughoral, anal, phallic, and genital stages, or that little boys lust after their mothers and hate and fear their fathers. No empirical evidence indicates that psychoanalysis is more effective, or more efficient, than other forms of psychotherapy, such as systematic desensitization or assertiveness training. No empirical evidence indicates the mechanisms by which psychoanalysis achieves its effects, such as they are, are those specifically predicated on the theory, such as transference and catharsis.”
Robert Rowland Smith

After psychoanalysis has been brought into everyday lives, the theory is still denounced and claimed to be incorrect. Psychoanalysis is a therapy that usually takes five sessions during the week, and this form of therapy is really just an effective way to bring in the money. Smith believes that a simple chat with a patient cannot unravel the complexity that is the psych and it is plain arrogant to think otherwise. What concerning is the higher status psychoanalysis has over Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), but now CBT has gained some ground and is gaining status on it too. The goal for these two forms of therapy are the same, it's how they approach this goal that is quite different. Psychoanalysis examines and looks in depth to the inner self to change and correct the behaviour of the outer self. Whereas CBT looks into and adjusts the behaviour on the outside to improve the state of the inner self. Psychoanalysis looks at early and childhood experiences for the root of the cause while CBT looks at present issues and recent acts of behaviour. CBT does not take as many sessions as psychoanalysis, does not discuss ones sex life unless brought up into conversation.

Charles Manson

Charles Manson was subject to violence and loneliness as a child. He never knew his father and grew up with his mother who was an alcohol, a promiscuous women who would bring home lovers of both sexes, and who would disappear without notice from time to time. When Kathleen, Manson's mother, would disappear, he would be forced to stay with the neighbours and the friends and family of Kathleen would have to track her down to bring her back. In 1939, Kathleen was arrested and sentenced to 5 years in prison, when in that time Charles had to live with his aunt and sadistic uncle. When Manson lived with his uncle, he was often refereed to as a “sissy” for his lack of masculinity, and on the first day of school his uncle dressed him in girls clothes to humiliate him. Soon Charles Manson took after his mom, always getting into trouble. He began to start stealing and frequently attempted to run away. When put in the local juvenile in Indiana, he escaped and shortly after he was put in Father Flanagan’s Boy’s Town. He escaped four days later in a stolen vehicle and committed robberies on his way out of the city.

When brought up in a troublesome childhood, much like Manson's, the experiences and memories have the ability to traumatize a person and cause them to commit crimes. Manson was brought up in a childhood that no one should have had to go through, and that led to a life of crime and prison.
Practical Application of the Theory Opinion

*early development is one of the most important times in someone's life.
*love and affection is key to a normal childhood.
*conflicts and issues as a child will lead to adult problems
The End
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