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The Harlem Renaissance

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by

Aryn Lang

on 2 April 2015

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Transcript of The Harlem Renaissance

Alcohol deemed illegal
Controversy led to increased crime rate
“Speakeasies” housed alcohol and was a place to socialize
African American's moved from the South to the North
They took a stand against racism
“Old Negro” to the “New Negro”
Art and literature influenced society

The Harlem Renaissance
The Central Ethos
African American pride and confidence
Hope and optimism because of important social breakthroughs
Embracing individuality and culture
Expression of the desire for freedom and equality
Release provided through Jazz music
Cheerfulness, happiness, a hardworking nature, tenacity, respect, sympathy
Synopsis
A time of dramatic social change
Women’s rights
Birth of mass culture
Prohibition
African American rights
The Jazz Age
A Time of Change
Migration into industrial areas and cities
Dramatic increase in wealth
America became a "consumer society"
The "New" Woman
Flappers - young women who embraced changing society
Sexual freedom
Right to vote
More access to birth control
New household products such as vacuums and laundry machines
Mass Culture
Same goods, same music and same dances around the country
Young individuals embraced the roaring 20’s
Older generation found it uncomfortable
Radios, movies and automobiles were cherished in society
Prohibition
The Jazz Age
African American Rights
Louis Armstrong
Romare Bearden
Langston Hughes
It was a long time ago.
I have almost forgotten my dream.
But it was there then,
In front of me,
Bright like a sun-
My dream.
And then the wall rose,
Rose slowly,
Slowly,
Between me and my dream.
Rose until it touched the sky-
The wall.
Shadow.
I am black.
I lie down in the shadow.
No longer the light of my dream before me,
Above me.
Only the thick wall.
Only the shadow.
My hands!
My dark hands!
Break through the wall!
Find my dream!
Help me to shatter this darkness,
To smash this night,
To break this shadow
Into a thousand lights of sun,
Into a thousand whirling dreams
Of sun!
As I Grew Older
African American Pride
Portrayed the everyday life of African Americans in Harlem, New York
Influenced other African American supporters
Wanted to portray African American women as beautiful
Believed in equality for all individuals
How does Langston Hughes contribute to the Ethos?
Shed the internalized racism within African Americans
Promoted beauty and pride within them
Conveyed the everyday struggle of African Americans
Displayed the fight for hope within the population
Inspired by Jazz music
Influential Poetry
“As I Grew Older”
“Bound No’th Blues”
“Children’s Rhymes”
“Democracy”
“Dream Variations"
"Freedom’s Plow”
“I, Too”
New dance styles and racy fashions
Alternative to classical and contemporary music
“The Cotton Club” promoted equality
Energetic and happy mood
A life of Jazz
Originated from the jazz hub of New Orleans
Played in speakeasies
Outlined the future of jazz through imaginative and emotionally charged improvisations
One of the first African-American entertainers to surpass racial discrimination through his music
Jazz paired with dancing allowed Americans to let loose and forget about their worries
Contribution of His Music to the Ethos
“scat singing” and trumpet style transformed the idea of jazz
Offered a release for free expression
Fueled the energetic vibe of the time
Provided African Americans with confidence
Filled listeners with the feeling of happiness and joy
Brought equality and acceptance
Popular Songs of the Time
"West end blues"
"Heebie jeebies "
"Muskrat ramble"
"Big butter and egg man"
"I want a little girl"
"Ain't misbehavin'"
"Heebie Jeebies"
Say, I've got the heebies,
I mean the jeebies,
Talking about
The dance, the heebie jeebies,
Do, because they're boys,
Because it pleases me to be joy!

Say, don't you know it?
You don't know how, don't be blue,
Someone will teach you;
Come on, and do that dance,
They call the heebie jeebies dance,
Yes, ma'am,
Papa's got the heebie jeebies dance!

Skatting...

Say, come on, now, and do that dance,
They call the heebie jeebies dance,
Sweet mama!
Papa's got to do the heebie jeebies dance!

Spoken:

Wooh! Got the heebie jeebies!
Whatcha doin' with the heebies?
I just have to have the heebies!

Contribution to the Harlem Renaissance
Captured everyday occasions through his work
Art pieces give a glimpse of struggling African Americans' lives
Collage expressed the separation of the African-Americans
Promoted emotions of African- Americans
Wanted each face to represent a lifetime
Works brought pleasures to others as a sense of equality
Influential Arts
"Four Standing Musicians"
"Mother and Child"
"Before Dawn"
"Age of Contradiction"
"Mother Love"
"At Five in the Afternoon"
"Two Women"
Man of Many Parts
Majority works created before Harlem Renaissance ended
Known as one of the most important American artists in the 20th century
Excelled in many different styles - focused on the collage technique "Photomontage projections"
Themes were texts from the Bible, classical literature, music, poetry
Work is rich with narrative details about black community life
Their Stylistic Relationship:
The style of Jazz
Resulted in the creation of an ethos of inspiration and optimism
Explored powerful messages
Made their pieces relatable through experience
Conveyed elements of hope
Full transcript