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A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen: Drama
Transcript of A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen: Drama
the recognition of one’s fate by the tragic hero
• Can no longer lean on her husband
• Needs to leave and educate herself
The Doll's House is a modern tragedy
Tragedy lies in how women is shown to be much weaker in a male dominating society
Nora's character in the play is simply just Torvald's "doll"
Nora has no saying in what she wants or needs
Nora's acceptance of her role in the marriage for most of the play is the real tragedy
This tragic play becomes modernized with the scene where Nora leaves the Torvald and the children to fight against society's image of how a female should act
When this play was written; in the 1800s, a women leaving her household and her family to fight her own battles is highly unheard of and frowned upon because she would be abandoning her entire identity as a women
A Doll's House
Alex, Lola, Beenish and Linda
Writer and poet from rural Norway
Noted that conventions, traditions and norms could oversize a negative control over a middle class person.
Ibsen's theatrical writing tends to follow a similar story outline: bourgeois drama with depth and social significance and an individual who experiences personal turmoil and ultimately revelation.
"My main goal is to depict people, human moods and human fates on the basis of certain predominant social conditions and perceptions." Henrik Ibsen
Emphasis on women and children
Money, power, influence
No money or influence
Ultimately results in social revolution.
Characters are flawed and face realistic issues
Idealistic deception of the human condition
Story speaks "logic". Characters make sensible choices and honor the views accepted by society
Ibsen mocks this theory
by Henrik Ibsen
final resolution in the plot
• Nora leaves Helmer
• Ends their marriage
to pursue pity and fear aroused from the viewer
• Pity: Nora, Dr. Rank and the children and Helmer
• Fear: Nora, Linde
main action of play and build towards climax
• Argument between Nora and Krogstad
tragic flaw (“error of judgement”)
• Nora is uneducated
• She lived a sheltered life
• No thoughts of the future
translates to arrogance, hero believes they can outwit fate (Oedipus)
• Nora’s ignorance of consequences
• Uneducated nature/naive (much like a child)
• Expects Helmer to fix everything
reversal of situation, change of fortune/surprising outcome
• Helmer says to live as if nothing happened
• Nora stops defending herself
• Nora decides that leaving is best option
• Helmer fights for her to stay
introductory of play (possible foreshadowing)
• Nora and macaroons
• Helmer and closed door
plays should not represent actions lasting longer than a single revolution of the sun
lasts 3 days
Tragedy definition: a drama or literary work in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavourable circumstances.
Originated in Ancient Greece 5th Century BC
The downfall of a noble hero /heroine usually through combination of fate (hubris) and the will of the gods
(Not as prominent as other themes such as realism and used for context and evidence rather than as an actual aspect of the story)
"Does Doctor Rank come here every day? ...is he perfectly sincere?" Mrs. Linde, 23-24
Nora: Splendid! But don't you think it's nice of me, too, to do as you wish?
Trovald: Nice?- because you do as your husband wishes? Well, well you little rogue.
Actors wore masks and goat skin
The Greek word
Dramatic Structure and Convention
Different structure from the structure of a “well-made play” which has 5 acts, each with a purpose of either
Combined many of these purposes together and structured it with three acts
Structured his dialogue in prose form, and did not include interior dialogues.
Used techniques such a symbolism to help communicate across the main themes and messages of the play