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Transcript of MARGARET MEAD
Margaret Mead was born on December 16,1901 in Philadelphia,Pennsylvania.
When she was born and when did she pass away
She published best-selling book "Coming of Age in Samoa" in 1928.
Major Accomplishments & Experiments
Beginning in the 1960's Mead's influence expanded to include a wider audience, as she agreed to write a monthly column for RedBook magazine, in which she discussed topics she had concentrated on for most of her career child rearing practices and the family.
Married and divorced on 3 different occasions, Mead first wed Luther Cressman in 1923.
She past away on November 15, 1978 in New York, New York
Field work in seven or more cultures, such as five in New Guinea Manus, Aparesh,Tchambuli, Mundugumor and Iatmul also in Bali and on the Ohama reservation , published proffesional and popular work on almost all of these cultures.
Mead worked on topics such as childhood, adolescence, and gender and was a founding figure in culture and personality
Advanced work methods with the use of photographs, film and psychological testing,as well as the use of teams of male and female researchers.
Theories she deduced or is Known for?
She was the oldest of five children
Father was a professor of finance, Mom was a sociologist who studied italian immigrants
Grew up knowing various religions because her family members were different faiths
Studied Psychology at DePauw University, then went on to received her PhD in anthropology at Columbia University
1) Societies influence on Gender Roles Theory
Mead flew to Samoa and studied the Samoan adolescent girls compared to the Americans.
Society influences personality more than Genetics or Biology.
Samoan woman indulged in casual sex before they settled down to raise families without any consequence on their future.
2) Gender Consciousness Theory
Among 3 tribes in New Guinea Margaret did work on gender consciousness
She discovered the differences between sexes were culturally determined rather than innate
3) Imprinting Theory
Mead was the first anthropologist to study child-rearing practices and learning theory within social groups.
Based on her observations she believed children learned through ''imprinting''
Imprinting means when children learn by watching adult behavior.
JAYDEN GRAHAM & MITCH PEPITO
The couples marriage later on failed and they went into divorced in 1928
She then married Reo Fortune which came to an end in 1935
The next year Mead took her third husband anthropologist Gregory Bateson
The couple collaborated in their field of study and had a child together in Mary Catherine Bateson
They later on parted ways in 1950
Interesting Aspects of her life & Her Personality
Entered DePauw University in 1919 and transferred to Bernard College a year later
First focused studies on English and Psychology then became interested in Anthropology because Franz Boaz and Ruth Benedict
First American to use participant observation method from Bronislaw Malinowski
Received PhD in anthropology in 1929
Associated with the American Museum of Natural History in New York as a curator of ethnology, eventually attaining the status curator emeritus
Became a professor in Columbia in 1954 and held a number of visiting professorships else where.
Mead was also a chairman of the Social Science division in Ford ham University by beginning in 1968
Served as president of the World Federation of Mental Health in (1956-57) and the American Anthropological Association in (1960) and the American Association for the Adventure of Science in (1975)
FAME OR FORTUNE?
Because of her contributions she became known by some as the most influential social science worker of the 20th century
Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1979, the highest civilian honor
Possibly famous for her personality as a social scientist
IMPACT ON SOCIETY
Considered the bigest influence in bringing culture into the apsects of education, medicine, and public policy
Spoke against racial injustice and supported women's rights
Brough improved fieldwork methods using photography, film, psychology, and teams of researchers
Possibly popularized the participant observation method in America