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Islam Religion

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on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of Islam Religion

I
S
L
A
M

Beliefs
Introduction
The Five Pillars
History
Holy Places
Music
Muhammad
Works Cited
Food
"O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth(Qur'an/koran 2:168)". Forbidden unto you are carrion and blood and swine flesh...saving that which ye make lawful" (Qur'an/Koran 5:3)
HALAL
HARAM
pure healthy meat
chicken, cow,goats,moose,ducks
fish
milk
olive oil
honey
nuts
Born around the year 570 AD
Had his first experience of religious vocation in 610 AD
Angel Gabriel appeared to him at Mount Hira
The messenger of God
Wrote The Qur'an in 23 years
Started to preach in Mecca
Was forced to leave and started to preach in Medina
Died at the age of 63 on June 8, 632 AD
all carnivorous animals and birds of prey
pork
gelatine from animal that is not halal
meat that is not slaughtered in the prescribed Islamic way
any food or drink containing alcohol
Shahadah: The statement of faith
"There is no god but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God."
It is essential for every Muslim to recite and believe in the Shahadah.
Muslims believe that this proclamation allows a person entry into Islam.
Salat: Daily Prayer
Zakat: Alms giving
At the end of Ramadan, it is the duty of every Muslim to donate annually.
Every Muslim household must give 2.5% of its accumulated wealth to the poor.
This annual charity is seen as a purification of one's wealth.
Muslims have to pray 5 times a day

Fajir
: Before sunrise
Dhuhr/Zohr
: Noon
'Asr
: Afternoon
Maghrib
: Sunset
'Isha
: Night

They can pray at home or any place that is clean, but it is considered better to pray at a Mosque.
Sawm: Fasting
Every Muslim is obligated to fast on the month of Ramadan.
They fast everyday from before dawn to sunset.
They abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, intercourse, arguing, and fighting.
Those who are unable to fast because of health reasons or other reasons can give money in charity instead.
Hajj: Pilgrimage
All Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage to Makkah/Mecca if they can afford to do so.
Mecca is the home the Ka'ba, which is the holiest shrine of Islam.
All pilgrims have to change into special clothing known as ihram. It consists of two white pieces of unstitched cloth.
Most Muslims save up a lifetime to go to a pilgrimage.
Symbols
Belief in one God
The Muslim set of beliefs is summarized in the "Six Articles of Faith"
"Allah. There is no god but He, the Living, the self-subsisting, the eternal... His Throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme in glory."
(Qur'an 2:255)
Festivals
"Allah" is the Arabic word for God.
God is all-powerful and the creator of a perfect universe.
There is a list of 99 names in the Qur'an by which God is referred to. This list is called the Asma al-Husna.
The ultimate nature of God is not known by humans
In the Qur'an, God is presented as a god who is present everywhere
He is the one and only god, and the other gods are false
The Ramadan Fast
Holiest period on the Muslim calendar
During the last week of this month, the Qur'an is believed to have been revealed.
A fast takes place during this month.
Purpose is to bring Muslims closer to God.
deal

ystem of


iving for


ll of

ankind

Eid ul-Fitr
The Festival of the Breaking of the Fast
Celebrates the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.
On this day Muslims give gifts, give donations to the poor, and join in family gatherings.
Eid- ul-Adha
The 99 Names of Allah
The Great Festival of Sacrifice
Marks the end of Hajj
Commemorates when Abraham was ready to sacrifice his son for God
Beliefs about the Prophets
Milad ul-Nabi
Muhammad is believed to be born on the 12th day of this month and died on the same date.
On this day, Muslims gather to listen to stories about the life and work of Muhammad.
Mi-raj
Celebrated on the 27th day of this month (the seventh month)
Celebrates when Muhammad was taken by Gabriel from Mecca to Jerusalem and then on to Heaven.
Islamic New Year
Takes place on the first day of Muharram
Marks the beginning of a new Islamic calendar
Begins at the first sighting of the lunar crescent after the new Moon
Muharram
Muhammad is called "the Seal of the Prophets" because he's the last messenger of God.
Five prophets are recognized by Muslims to be sent by God:
Noah
Abraham
Moses
Jesus
Muhammad
They are known as unul azmi (the resolute).
Celebrated by Shi'ahs.
Commemorates Husayn's martyrdom
When Husayn, the grandson of Muhammad, confronted the Umayyad dynasty, he and his supporters were killed.
This event inspires Muslims and they mourn for the first 1o days.
Rites of Passage
Beliefs about Human Nature
Humans were given free will in order to be able to choose to serve and obey God.
Paradise or "The Garden" (Janna)
Spiritual and physical pleasure
Virgin companions (houris)
Everything anyone would ever want
Seven Heavens
Hell:
Non-Muslims (kafir) will be punished
Hypothesis that hell will end up being empty
There are many levels of hell
Seven Heavens
Belief in the Angels of God
Articles of Faith in Islam | Islamic Learning Materials. (n.d.). Islamic Learning Materials | Islam. The Middle Path. The Right Path.. Retrieved January 2, 2013, from http://islamiclearningmaterials.com/articles-of-faith-in-islam/
Beliefs of Islam - Muslim Beliefs - ReligionFacts. (n.d.). Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions.. Retrieved January 2, 2013, from http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/beliefs.htm
Frage, Robert. The Wisdom of Islam. N.p.: Barron's, 2002. Print.
Grieve, P. (2006). A brief guide to Islam: history, faith and politics : the complete introduction. New York: Carroll and Graf Publishers.
Islamic Dress Code. (n.d.). Abaya, Islamic Clothing, Muslim Dress | Islamic Boutique. Retrieved January 18, 2013, from http://www.islamicboutique.com/dresscode.asp
Islamic Symbols - ReligionFacts. (n.d.). Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions.. Retrieved January 18, 2013, from http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/symbols.htm
Kidwai, Azra. Islam. N.p.: Lustre, 2002. Print.
Whether music is allowed to Muslims or not is a debatable topic because the Qur'an says nothing against it.
It became frowned upon when it was associated with money, alcohol, etc.
In Islam, the Qur'an is chanted.
Music is used on special occasions such as Ramadan or Milad-ul-nabi.
The Sufis made music a form of worship.
Naming Ceremony:Aqeeqah
A child must be given a name within 7 days
Names are usually chosen from the Qur'an
After a newborn is shaved and a goat or sheep is sacrificed, a name is given.
The hair is weighed and the family must then gives at least the same weight in gold to charity.
The Bismillah Ceremony
Death
Muslims believe that saying the word of God in a dying person's ears will help the soul reach heaven.
After death, the body is purified by a bath and then a procedure takes place.
The body is then covered in white cloth and a prayer takes place before the burial.
The Ka'bah in Makah/Mecca
Muslims respect the Ka'bah as the House of God
when performing their daily prayers they are directed towards this holy place
There is a world invisible to us
Angels are in that world
The most important angel is Gabriel
Every human has two angels
"There is no God but God and Muhammad is his Prophet"
(The Shahada)
Belief in Scriptures
Marriage
A Muslim man is allowed to marry up to five times under certain conditions with the permission of the first wife or wives.
Each of these marriages have to be equal.
Two sisters cannot marry the same man.
A marriage ceremony is called NIKAH.
Muslims can marry their maternal and paternal cousins and cousins of parents. This is because they are allowed to marry a member of the 'People of the Book'
However, marrying a foster parents, parents, or siblings is frowned upon.
The Holy Qur'an is the book in which Muslims believe
It was written through Muhammad
It is God's revelations to humans
The Prophet's Mosque in Madinah
the first mosque in Islam
serves as Muhammad's burial ground (underneath)
built in 622 C.E
can hold about half a million worshippers
represents the time when Muslims became a true community
Belief in Fate
Muslims believe in life after death
They believe in the Day of Judgement
It gives life a meaning
It motivates Muslims to behave properly, following what the Qur'an says
Belief in the Afterlife
Beliefs about Resurrection
The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
third holiest site in Islam
oldest Islamic monument
is not a Mosque but a Shrine
built over sacred stone (believed to be the place from which the prophet Muhammad ascended into heaven during his Night journey to heaven
The Arab word for fate is Kadar or Qadar
Everything happens according to God's will
Humans are not manipulated
Acceptance of fate is extremely important
After birth, verses from the Qur'an are whispered into an newborn's ears.
This marks the child's entry into Islam
It can be done by any Muslim.
Circumcision is another ritual for all male Muslims
Marks the beginning of a child's Islamic education.
Takes place when a child is 4-5 years old.
When the child repeats a verse from the Qur'an with an adult, he/she is initiated into his/her obligatory duties
Muhammad ascended to the seventh heaven
On the way there he met different people on each level of heaven:
1st level (Jannatul Ma'wa): Adam
2nd level (Daarul Maqaam): John the Baptist and Jesus
3rd level (Daarus Salaam): Joseph
4th level (Daarul Khuld): Enoch
5th level (Jannatul Adan): Aaron
6th level (Jannatun Naeem): Moses
7th level (Jannatul Kasif): Abraham

8th level (Jannatul Firdaus): where the thrown of God is
Star and Crescent
Islamic Color Symbolism
Other Symbols
Holy Books
Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion. Islam is not named after a person as other religions are. The word “Islam” means the submission or surrender to the one and only true God, ALLAH. Muslims follow a book called the Qur'an. The Qur’an is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be the verbatim word of God. It is regarded widely as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.
Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets. They maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been partially misinterpreted or altered over time, but consider the Arabic Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God. With about 1.57 billion followers or 23% of earth's population, Islam is the second-largest and one of the fastest-growing religions in the world.


Shia means "Follower"
They believe only God himself, can apoint successor and prophet
They believe God chose Muhammad and then Ali.
Types of Islam


Largest Islamic group
"people of the tradition of Muhammad.”
Orthodox religion
After Muhammad’s death Sunnis accepted Abu Bakr as the first Caliph.
Sunni Islam
Shia Islam
Sufism Islam
Sufism is a mystical-ascetic approach to Islam that seeks to find divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God. By focusing on the more spiritual aspects of religion
Caliph
The First Caliph, Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq [632-634 C.E]

The Second Caliph, Umar Ibn al-Khattab (634-644 C.E]

The Third Caliph, Uthman Ibn Affan [644-656 C.E]

The Fourth Caliph, Imam Ali,ibn Abi Talib, [656-661 C.E]
Called hilal
Not Muslim in origin: it was a polytheistic icon
Many Islamic countries use this symbol on their flags
Not recognized as a traditional symbol by Muslims
Black: color of mourning in Mediterranean and Western countries
White
: purity and peace
Green
: some believe it was Muhammad's favorite color, and other believe it symbolizes vegetation and life. It often represents Islam.

This colors are often used in flags of Muslim countries
Pakistan's flag
Sudan's flag
Allah: it visually represents Islam
Shi'ite symbol (a sword): reminds Muslims of how Ali (Muhammad's cousin) fought for Islam
Dress Code
Clothing must cover the entire body, except hands and the face.
Some women choose to wear a face covering (Niqab) but it is not a requirement.
The material of the clothes cannot be see-through
Clothes must be loose
Female clothing must not be similar to male's
The clothing cannot have designs that attract attention
100% silk clothing cannot be worn
The word 'Islam' means: Peace achieved through submission to God.
It is the second largest religion in the world and also the fastest growing.
Islam is a monotheistic religion practiced by Muslims.

Females who follow these rules are called Muhaajaba
Map
Also known as the Torah

Revealed to Moses.

suffered corruption.

Used by Moses to preach messages to the "children of Israel".
Birth
Zabur
Also known as the book of Pslams.

Revealed to King David.

Holy song praise.

Written later, not divinely revealed.
Injil
Tawrat
Referred to the New Testament.

Revealed to Jesus.

Written by Allah.
Islamic holy books are the text in which Muslims believe were authorized by God (ALLAH) to various Islamic Prophets throughout history. The most famous holy book is the last holy book, the Qur'an. Muslims believe the Qur'an was sent to them because every other holy scripture had been corrupted. the Qur'an was said to have 144 chapters, all unequal sized. Muslims believe the Qur'an to be verbally revealed through angel Jibrl (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad gradually over a period of approximately 23 years beginning on 22 December 609 CE,when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632 CE, the year of his death.
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