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JOHN DEWEY 1859-1952
Transcript of JOHN DEWEY 1859-1952
Born 1895 in Burlington, Vermont.
Trained as a philosopher
Leader in Progressive Educational theory.
LABORATORY SCHOOL - University of Chicago
- Using everyday activities from home and neighbourhood ('occupations') for learning, instead of acquiring a separate set of skills.
- Thus creating unity between home and school.
"Motives that keep the child at work and growing at home shall be used in the school" (Dewey, 1907, p.117)
the experimental school
Reading, writing and mathematics were developed naturally
For example - reading recipes in cooking, writing to record recipes, and using mathematics to buy and measure ingredients.
Children undertook occupations such as cooking, weaving, sewing, and gardening, woodwork and metalwork
"prepare our children for their world - the world of the future" (Nussbaum-Beach, 2007)
Progressive/ Experiential education
ACTIVE LEARNING in the lab school
Dewey felt that 'traditional' schools were restrictive and too concerned with delivering knowledge through books
He said education should be freer and about learning from experience
- Learning by doing
- Learning about practical every-day activities and problems
- Using equipment rather than reading about it in books
LINK TO EARLY YEARS FOUNDATION STAGE (EYFS):
Children's interests and observations are part of our own framework - we observe to help plan and assess children's development as per the Early Years Learning Goals.
Dewey believed school and community are linked - with the aim of children becoming good members of a democratic society.
"Education, therefore, is a process of living and not a preparation for future living" (Dewey, 1897)
Dewey said that children learn from doing:
Teachers provided real problems and guided the children with practical activities to aid problem-solving.
Children were to be able to move freely between classrooms and also outside to learn - including
excursions to parks, farms, and factories
There are similarities to today's activities. Children participate in real life activities such as cooking, sewing or building to expand learning through their interests, covering core learning areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), such as 'Mathematics', 'Physical Development' and 'Knowledge and Understanding of the World'.
- Dewey believed that all children are unique with their own interests - The EYFS states that: "
Every child is a
unique child, who is constantly learning and can be resilient,
capable, confident and self-assured
."(DfE, 2014, p.6)
- Experiential education still lies very much at the heart of many bold educational experiments, such as Outward Bound.
- The Laboratory school is still in existence - with a nursery - under Chicago University. It still follows it's founder's theories and methods for education.
- Progressive education is more evident in private schooling - or in other forms of setting such as Montessori or Waldorf Schools, Apprenticeship settings, Studio Schools and Technical Colleges.
Benefit of pragmatic approach to education
: Ability to adapt learning to new ideas, changes in industry, social pressures, technology.
Hard to measure children's progress properly.
'traditional' schooling processes were re-introduced.
Children should learn from their own interests and real life experiences.
Teachers should be there to observe and guide the children.
Dewey believed that psychology was the basis for learning and the way to obtain a good education
Link to EYFS:
"The key person must seek to engage and
parents and/or carers in guiding their child’s development at home" (DfE, 2014, p.10)
Link to EYFS:
"Providers must provide access to an outdoor play area or, if that is not possible,
ensure that outdoor activities are planned and taken on a daily basis" (DfE, 2014, P.28)
Father of 'pragmatist movement'
Concerned with interaction, reflection and experience to help people become more effective members of democratic society.
Jennifer & Jacqueline
K1427814 & K1450934
St Andrew Learning Centre, 2014
Threemilestone School, 2015
Playfully learning, 2015
Universirty of Chicago Laboratory Schools, 1904
Wikispaces classroom, 2011
Jim Ned Consolidated ISD
Encyclopaedia Britannia, 2015
john Hopkins University]
Pinacotheca Philosophica, 2003
Hartington Surgery, 2015
Department for Education (2014) Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage: Setting the standards for learning, development and care for children from birth to five. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/335504/EYFS_framework_from_1_September_2014__with_clarification_note.pdf
(Accessed: 30 September 2015)
Dewey, J. (1897) My Pedagogic Creed in School Journal vol. 54 1897, pp.77-80 Available at: http://dewey.pragmatism.org/creed.htm (Accessed: 29 September 2015)
Dewey, J. (1907) School and Society Available at: https://www.brocku.ca/MeadProject/Dewey/Dewey_1907/Dewey_1907d.html (Accessed: 30 September 2015)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (2015) John Dewey: Available at: https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-Dewey/images-videos (Accessed: 29 September 2015)
Hartington Surgery (2015) Circle of friends: Available at; http://www.hartingtonsurgery.co.uk/patient/ (Accessed: 30 September 2015)
Hickman, P. (2000) John Dewey Available at: http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/dewey.htm (Accessed: 4 October 2015)
Jim Ned Consolidated ISD Dewey school Available at: http://www.jimnedalumni.com/class_custom4.cfm (Accessed: 3 October 2015)
John Hopkins University John Dewey with children, Available at: https://webapps.jhu.edu/namedprofessorships/professorshipdetail.cfm?professorshipID=35 (Accessed: 3 October 2015)
Nussbaum-Beach, S. (2007) Progressive Education Round 2 Available at: http://www.21stcenturycollaborative.com/2007/08/progressive-education-round-two/ (Accessed: 29 September 2015)
Pinacotheca Philosophica (2003) Dewey caricature Available at: http://nibiryukov.narod.ru/nb_pinacoteca/nb_pinacoteca_painting/nb_pinacoteca_hare_john_dewey.jpg (Accessed: 29 September 2015)
Pinterest.com If we teach today as we taught yesterday, our children are robbed of tomorrow: Available at: https://www.pinterest.com/explore/intellectual-quotes/ (Accessed: 3 October 2015)
Playfully learning (2015) Sewing activity Available at: https://www.pinterest.com/source/playfullylearning.blogspot.fr/ (Accessed: 3 October 2015)
Shopkeeper activity (2011) available at: http://wisdomofhands.blogspot.co.uk (Accessed: 29 September 2015)
St Andrew Learning Centre (2014) Pirate ship modelling Available at: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/478648266620807363/ (Accessed: 4 October 2015)
Three Milestone School (2015) Cooking Activity Available at: http://www.threemilestone.cornwall.sch.uk/year-groups/reception/photographs-of-our-learning (Accessed: 4 October 2015)
University of Chicago Laboratory School (1904) Building a tabletop town, available at: http://www.ucls.uchicago.edu/photo_album/1900s/16town.html (Accessed: 4 october 2015)
Wikispaces classroom (2011) School rabbit modelling outdoors: Available at: http://milwaukeeidscohort.wikispaces.com/John+Dewey+Page (Accessed: 4 October 2015)