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Transcript of Figurative Language
What is figurative language?
Similes and Metaphors
A simile uses the words “like” or “as” to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike.
Example: busy as a bee
The metaphor states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison. A simile would say you are like something; a metaphor is more positive - it says you are something.
Example: You are what you eat.
A figure of speech in which human characteristics are given to an animal or an object.
Example: My teddy bear gave me a hug.
Alliteration and Repetition
The use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action.
Example: snap crackle pop
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
Figurative language is the use of words to describe something without being literal. Several types of figurative language exist, including metaphor, simile and hyperbole.
LEQ: How does an author use the relationships between imagery and figurative language to reveal the theme of a text?
1. How do we describe figurative language?
2. How does an author use figurative language?
The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas.
Imagery is the use of words to appeal to one of the five senses: touch, sight, sound, hearing and taste. An author uses imagery to give readers an immediate sense of what is being described in the story or poem.
"The mustard-yellow shirt was still warm from the dryer and smelled of vanilla-scented detergent."
An exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true. Tall tales are hyperboles.
Example: He was so hungry, he ate that whole cornfield for lunch, stalks and all.
Repetition: Repeated use of key words or phrases.
"And the man sat upon the rock, and leaned his head upon his hand, and looked out upon the desolation. . . . And I lay close within shelter of the lilies, and observed the actions of the man. And the man trembled in the solitude;--but the night waned, and he sat upon the rock."
(Edgar Allan Poe, "Silence")
The repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of sounds in a series of words. Alliteration includes tongue twisters.
Example: "She sells seashells by the seashore" or "Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers."
What types of figurative language did you hear?
Write down one example now.
Now you try!
Come up with an example of simile now.
Write down the following sentences and with your partner, underline the subject being personified and circle the human trait assigned to that subject.
1. The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.
2. The run down house appeared depressed.
3. The first rays of morning tiptoed through the meadow.
With your partner, decide if the following sentences use alliteration or repetition.
Under the clouds, Under the trees,Under the sea,I can fall asleep,and dream of moving clouds and swaying trees,and waves moving,in the sea.
Mike’s microphone made much music.
Quincy’s quilters quit quilting quickly.
Inside the ocean I see fish.Inside the waves I hear a splash.Inside the water I felt a fish.